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In addition, the discussion of UBS's results provides further details of our results at a business unit level. This reporting structure is shown in the following table:. For additional information, please consult the Capital management section of our annual and quarterly reports, as well as the Corporate Governance section of our annual reports.
Audit is an integral part of corporate governance. While safeguarding their independence, the external auditors closely coordinate their work with Group Internal Audit. EY assumes virtually all auditing functions according to laws, regulatory requests and the Articles of Association. Group Internal Audit GIA performs the internal auditing function for the Group, and in operated with an average headcount of full-time equivalent employees.
It is an independent and objective function that supports the Group in achieving its strategic, operational, financial and compliance objectives, and the BoD in discharging its governance responsibilities. GIA also cooperates closely with risk control functions and internal and external legal advisors on investigations into major control issues. GIA has unrestricted access to all accounts, books, records, systems, premises and personnel, and must be provided with all information and data that it needs to fulfill its auditing duties.
GIA enhances the efficiency of its work through coordination and close cooperation with the external auditors. As a foreign company with shares listed on the New York Stock Exchange NYSE , we comply with all relevant corporate governance standards applicable to foreign private issuers. According to the NYSE listing standards on corporate governance, foreign private issuers are required to disclose any significant ways in which their corporate governance practices differ from those that have to be followed by domestic companies.
These differences are discussed in the following paragraphs. Our Audit Committee is responsible for the compensation, retention and oversight of the independent auditors. It assesses the performance and qualification of the external auditors and submits its proposal for appointment, reappointment or removal of the independent auditors to the full BoD.
While the NYSE standards would require shareholder approval for the establishment of and material revisions to all equity compensation plans, Swiss law authorizes the BoD to approve compensation plans. Swiss companies determine the nature and components of capital in their articles of association, and each increase in capital requires shareholder approval. This means that shareholder approval is mandatory if equity-based compensation plans require an increase in capital.
No shareholder approval is required if shares for such plans are purchased in the market. The Risk Committee is responsible for monitoring our adherence to those risk principles and for monitoring whether business divisions and control units maintain appropriate systems of risk management and control. The Chairman of the BoD Chairman and the Audit Committee share the supervisory responsibility and authority with respect to the internal audit function.
NYSE listing standards would require the aforementioned committees to submit their reports directly to shareholders. As a general rule for a Board of Director BoD member to be considered independent, he or she may not have any material relationship 1 with UBS 2 , either directly or as a partner, controlling shareholder or executive officer 3 of a company that has a material relationship with UBS.
These criteria are as follows:. All Audit Committee and Risk Committee members are required to be independent. In addition, each Audit Committee member must not serve on the audit committees of more than two other public companies. The Board may approve exceptions from this rule if the simultaneous service does not impair the ability of the director to fulfill his mandate.
Such exceptions would be disclosed and explained in our annual reports. Banking relationships in the ordinary course of business - wealth and asset management, private mortgages etc. We provide regular information to our shareholders and to the financial community. Based on discussions with analysts, investors, regulators and other stakeholders, we believe that the market rewards companies that provide clear, consistent and informative disclosure about their business.
SBC subsequently experienced a period of growth, which was only interrupted by the onset of World War I , in which the bank lost investments in a number of large industrial companies. The impact of the stock market crash of and the Great Depression was severe, particularly as the Swiss franc suffered major devaluation in In , SBC adopted its three-keys logo , designed by Warja Honegger-Lavater , symbolizing confidence, security, and discretion, which remains an integral part in the current-day logo of UBS.
SBC remained among the Swiss government's leading underwriters of debt in the post-war years. The activities of the Union Bank of Switzerland during World War II were not publicly known until decades after the war, when it was demonstrated that UBS likely took active roles in trading stolen gold, securities , and other assets during World War II. UBS opened branches and acquired a series of banks in Switzerland in the following years, growing from 31 offices in to 81 offices by the early s.
By the s, Union Bank of Switzerland established a position as a leading European underwriter of Eurobonds. During the mids, Union Bank of Switzerland came under fire from dissident shareholders critical of its conservative management and lower return on equity.
At the time of the merger, Union Bank of Switzerland and Swiss Bank Corporation were the second and third largest banks in Switzerland, respectively. Colloquially referred to as the "New UBS" to distinguish itself from the former Union Bank of Switzerland, the combined bank became the second largest in the world at the time, behind only the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi.
The acquisition pushed UBS to the top wealth and asset management firm in the world. John P. However, by the end of , UBS began to experience changing fortunes. After Moelis, other notable departures included investment banking co-head Jeff McDermott in early and, as the financial crisis set in, other high-profile bankers such as Oliver Sarkozy in early and Ben Lorello in At the beginning of , UBS became the first Wall Street firm to announce a heavy loss in the subprime mortgage sector as the subprime mortgage crisis began to develop.
In response to the growing series of problems at UBS, and possibly his role in spearheading Costas' departure from the bank, Peter Wuffli unexpectedly stepped down as CEO of the firm during the second quarter of However, the bank's problems continued through the end of ,  when the bank reported its first quarterly loss in over five years.
UBS cut its dividend in order to protect its traditionally high Tier 1 capital ratio, seen by investors as a key to its credibility as the world's largest wealth management company. Jerker Johansson , the head of the investment bank division, resigned in April and was replaced by Alex Wilmot-Sitwell and Carsten Kengeter.
Under the plan, no more than one-third of any cash bonus would be paid out in the year it is earned with the rest to be held in reserve and stock-based incentives that would vest after three years. In August , UBS launched a new advertising campaign featuring the slogan: "We will not rest" and signed a global sponsorship agreement with Formula 1.
The firm has seen profits fall due to the rise of the Swiss franc. On 30 October , UBS announced that it was cutting 10, jobs worldwide in an effort to slim down its investment banking operations, of which 2, would be in Switzerland , followed by the United States and Great Britain. This percent staff cut would make overall staff count come down from 63, to 54, For comparison, the peak employment level in before the financial crisis was 83, In late , the bank created the digital currency "Utility Settlement Coin" USC to accelerate inter-bank settlements and established a blockchain technology research laboratory in London.
As it exists today, UBS represents a conglomeration of dozens of individual firms, many of which date back to the 19th century. The following is a visual illustration of the company's major mergers and acquisitions and historical predecessors, although this is not necessarily a comprehensive list: .
Bank in Winterthur est. Toggenburger Bank est. Interhandel est. Chase Investors Management Corporation est. Basler Bankverein est. Brinson Partners est. Mitchell Hutchins est. Union Securities est. Chairman Marcel Ospel did not apply for re-election at the annual general meeting of shareholders held on 23 April , and was succeeded by Peter Kurer , who was general counsel. Former Bundesbank president Axel A.
Weber was nominated in mid for election to the board at the annual meeting and, at that time, intended to be elected as a chairman of the board after Villiger's retirement in Scully and Dieter Wemmer were elected as new members of the Board. As of 30 June , shareholdings of the Group were distributed as follows: .
UBS frequently cites Swiss culture —specifically its penchant for privacy, security and neutrality —as foundational to its company culture. While UBS maintains the strictest banking secrecy policies in Switzerland, its policies across Europe and especially the United States are comparable. UBS, along with other Swiss banks, maintains a variety hidden assets and numbered bank accounts in an effort to preserve anonymity and confidentiality.
The Swiss government has taken steps to curb the usage of hidden services by foreign account holders as they have been frequently used to facilitate the transfer of " black money ". UBS, along with other Swiss banks, owns and operates undisclosed or otherwise secretive bank vaults, storage facilities or underground bunkers for gold bars, diamonds, cash, or other valuable physical assets.
The largest disclosed Swiss bank vault is five floors 19 metres or 62 feet underground the bank's Geneva headquarters. The strict banking secrecy policies and bank-client confidentiality agreements at UBS have frequently been used to avoid, evade or otherwise escape foreign direct taxation.
UBS reached multilateral agreements with the U. HM Revenue and Customs in and , respectively. The banking privacy policies of UBS have led to numerous controversies and disagreements with foreign governments:. In January , UBS issued a new code of conduct and business ethics which all employees were encouraged to sign. The code addressed issues such as financial crime , competition, confidentiality , as well as human rights and environmental issues.
The eight-page code also lays out potential sanctions against employees who violate it, including warnings, demotions , or dismissal. In , UBS expanded its global compliance database to include information on environmental and social issues provided by RepRisk ,  a global research firm specialized in environmental, social and corporate governance e. In , UBS held 0. UBS has been an early adopter regarding the use of blockchain technology in financial services.
The USC is a blockchain-based digital currency that financial institutions could use to transact securities with each other, bypassing the traditional settlement processes which is ongoing. Artificial intelligence expert FaceMe was hired to create an interactive avatar of Kalt that can meet with clients via television screen. In a year of extremes for equity markets, money managers say that no firm did a better job than UBS to keep them informed about which European sectors, countries, and industries offered the greatest potential.
A Thomson Reuters Extel survey ranked UBS number one in all three of the key disciplines of research: Research tenth year ; Sales ninth year running ; and Equity Trading and Execution up from second place in UBS was also named as the number one leading pan-European brokerage firm for economics and strategy research.
In , for the third consecutive year, RobecoSAM, an organization specialized exclusively on Sustainability Investing and conducting extensive research,  named UBS in its Industry group leader report for each of the industry groups represented in the Dow Jones Sustainability Index the group leader  in Diversified Financials. The selection criteria are focused less on the size, but rather on qualities that companies look for when choosing a provider.
UBS is particularly active in sponsoring various golf tournaments , cross-country skiing in Switzerland, ice hockey , and a range of other events around the world. UBS has been or currently is a sponsor of the following sporting events and organizations:.
UBS's cultural sponsorships are typically related to classical music and contemporary art, although the company also sponsors a range of film festivals , music festivals , and other cultural events and organizations. Guggenheim Foundation identified and worked with artists, curators and educators from South and Southeast Asia , Latin America , and the Middle East and North Africa to expand their reach in the international art world and challenge the Western-centric view of art history.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Multinational investment bank. This article is about the investment bank and financial services company. For other uses, see UBS disambiguation. Axel A. Investment banking wealth management private banking investment management asset management corporate banking retail banking corporate banking private equity finance and insurance retail banking mortgages credit cards. Operating income. Net income. United States United Kingdom Asia-Pacific-Singapour 9.
Others Germany 0. Main article: Swiss Bank Corporation. The Basel offices of Swiss Bank Corporation c. Main article: Union Bank of Switzerland. Bank in Winterthur , est. Toggenburger Bank , est. Main article: UBS tax evasion controversies. Banks portal. In Switzerland, UBS operations are regulated by Swiss banking secrecy laws which legally prohibit it from disclosing client information to third parties, subject to terms and conditions.
In its third largest market, the United States, UBS complies with FINRA privacy laws which prohibits unauthorized distribution of client information or data, subject to terms and conditions. Global topics. Retrieved 18 March Retrieved 16 June However, just like other prominent brands which used to be an abbreviation of a company name, UBS is no longer considered an acronym.
Retrieved 8 August The three-times married banker was the architect of what was originally meant to be called United Bank of Switzerland — the fusion of Swiss Bank Corporation and Union Bank of Switzerland in He later masterminded the acquisition of U. Retrieved 22 July Retrieved 5 April European Commission.
Retrieved 3 April A logo of three keys, standing for confidence, security, and discretion, was taken over from [Swiss Bank Corporation] The Atlantic. Retrieved 27 November The Swiss bank UBS is one of the biggest, most powerful financial institutions in the world.
Wall Street Journal. Mary Varkadis in French. Retrieved 10 February Retrieved 17 March Retrieved 4 February Retrieved 3 January Retrieved 1 August January Retrieved 1 June The Daily Telegraph. Scorpio Partnership. Create the life you want". About us. Our Businesses". About us".
Private Clients. Private clients - Tailored money solutions". Corporate customers - The right solution for every need". UBS in the world". Retrieved 27 July Retrieved 1 May UBS Asset Management. Retrieved 13 January Asset Management - UK. Asset Management - Australia. Why invest with us. Helping you solve your global investment challenges". UBS Press Release. Media Releases Americas. The New York Times. Retrieved 10 August Retrieved 11 November Institutional Investor.
Retrieved 31 October Der Landbote. Retrieved 23 January Funding Universe. Retrieved 21 March Retrieved 29 March The Economist. December
UBS is going to revamp its investment banking unit along the lines of the wealth management business. The goal is to make the unit leaner and more global. Piero Novelli and Rob Karofsky are about to unveil their plans for a revamp fo the investment banking business at UBS, according to media reports. The two managers have been in charge of the business for a little less than a year. The co-heads are planning to merge certain divisions within the bank in a bid to make the management structure leaner.
Currently, the services is led by three regional heads. The same brush will be applied to the equity and fixed-income trading, which has been kept separate so far. The merger of the units will lead to duplications among managers and hence likely to a reduction of the respective headcount. Novelli and Karofsky obviously hope to cut costs and boost revenues with the help of a leaner and more efficient structure.
Details of their plan will follow later today at an internal event, according to the reports. About Newsletter. Tuesday, 24 November You can find more information under the Privacy Statement. You are free to change your cookies' settings in the privacy settings. Discover more. Spotlight on China Our dual platform delivers unique capabilities to investors and corporates, both inside China and beyond.
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