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Become an FT subscriber to read: China eyes creation of rail giant Leverage our market expertise Expert insights, analysis and smart data help you cut through the noise to spot trends, risks and opportunities. Join over , Finance professionals who already subscribe to the FT. Choose your subscription. Trial Try full digital access and see why over 1 million readers subscribe to the FT. For 4 weeks receive unlimited Premium digital access to the FT's trusted, award-winning business news.
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Full Terms and Conditions apply to all Subscriptions. And this week, Chinese President Xi Jinping arrives in the United Kingdom for a four-day state visit at a time when Britain is wooing his country to bid for the multi-billion-dollar High Speed 2 project connecting London with northern cities. China, whose economy has cooled to its slowest pace in six years, is clearly keen to capitalize on the economic benefits of building high-speed rail lines abroad.
But the recent exchanges between London and Beijing show the potential soft-power value of winning these projects on the international stage. And during what will be the first visit by a Chinese head of state to the U. China has emerged from behind the shadow of its regional rival, Japan, which began running the world's first high-speed railway in These developments are important, particularly with regard to the Los Angeles-to-Las Vegas contract. A major advantage for China is that the cost of its high-speed rail projects are one-third lower than in other countries, according to a World Bank report.
It has achieved a "remarkable feat" of building more track than any other country in the world combined but at a lower cost, Gerald Ollivier, a World Bank senior transport specialist said in the report.
The decision also mentioned that the Commission was aware of the ongoing national proceedings regarding the same conduct and that the CDA had carried out dawn raids in During its own inspection, the Commission found material regarding another potential competition law breach anticompetitive agreements. This second decision concerned alleged anticompetitive agreements regarding the sale of used rolling stock.
Under Article 20 4 , the Commission can conduct inspections based on a binding decision, to which concerned companies are legally required to submit. Such a decision must specify, inter alia, the subject matter and purpose of the inspection. In the action against the Falcon Decision, CD argued that the delineation of the subject matter and purpose of the inspection was too wide, covering almost all possible behaviour in the passenger rail transport sector in Czech Republic.
CD also argued that the Commission had no evidence giving grounds for suspicion of an anti-competitive conduct, which would support the adoption of an inspection decision. The GCEU noted that, at the time it adopted the Falcon Decision, the Commission had reasonable grounds for suspecting predatory pricing on the Prague-Ostrava line from However, it added that this was not the case with respect to other lines and other practices than the alleged predatory pricing practices.
As a result, the GCEU partially annulled the Falcon Decision, insofar as it concerned practices other than the alleged predatory pricing on the Prague-Ostrava line from In the action against the Twins Decision, CD argued that the Commission could not use material obtained during a previous inspection, which was carried out on the basis of the Falcon Decision, which is illegal. It also argued that, although the material was obtained during the Falcon inspection, it was outside the scope of the Falcon Decision, as it only covered an abuse of a dominant position, but not an anticompetitive agreement.
The GCEU first noted that it had only partially annulled the decision ordering the Falcon inspection. Therefore, such an annulment could not automatically lead to the annulment of the Twins Decision. As a result, the GCEU dismissed the second appeal in its entirety. In the first appeal, CD considered that the Falcon Decision was not sufficiently reasoned, considering that the Commission should have rely on the detailed information from the Czech Competition Authority.
The CJEU replied that the Commission did not have to rely on the information from the national authority to justify the inspection, moreover since this information was collected on the basis of non-EU legal provisions. The CJEU added that the Commission had sufficient evidence to establish a suspicion of a breach of EU antitrust rules and did not have to consider elements of defence at this stage of the proceedings. Indeed, the administrative or judicial proceedings give concerned companies the opportunity to respond.
It also confirms that findings of unrelated additional breaches of competition law found within the course of an inspection on other grounds may be used. Network Rail, Achilles argued, locked it out of supplying the assurance program by using only one scheme, at the expense of potential rivals. The British Competition Appeal Tribunal sided with Achilles in July , which prompted Network Rail to appeal the decision of the Court of Appeal, arguing it was ill founded on several grounds.
The Court of Appeal is expected to render its judgment at the earliest opportunity. The ORR particularly looks at whether there is a fair and commercially reasonable access to interlocking technology and other necessary infrastructure to the delivery of big signalling projects in the UK.
Particularly, the authors of the letter asked the Commission to review its market definition notice to take better account of international competition and give the European merger review regime more flexibility. For example, Mrs Vestager announced that she is looking into new transparency requirements for foreign state-owned enterprises active in the EU market.
Her declarations come as the Dutch government proposed heightened transparency obligations on such companies, particularly Chinese ones. Mrs Vestager also hinted at a reform of competition law in the field of data sharing, as at least competing companies suffer from legal uncertainty under the current rules when sharing data.
The new rules may allow undertakings to share data without contravening competition law. In that regard, Mrs Vestager announced that she will act to ensure companies have better access to data possessed by other undertakings and to promote data pooling and use, as part of a broader strategy for data unveiled on 19 February The new guidelines are expected for The Commission considered that Romania, acting in its capacity as a public authority rather than a shareholder of the company, granted an unfair economic advantage to CFR Marfa by allowing the state-owned freight operator to write off its debt and abstained from actively enforcing the repayment of debts for years without a sufficient monetary compensation.
In its decision, the Commission ordered that the aid be recovered by Italy. As a result, the region of Campania paid Buonotourist the requested compensation, but before the Commission could issue a decision on the compatibility of the aid following a notification by Italy. The Commission therefore treated the payment as an unlawful State aid i.
In the Altmark judgment, the CJEU held that a public service compensation does not constitute a State aid when four cumulative conditions are met. The CJEU noted that appellant did not demonstrate the presence of a public service obligation unilaterally imposed on Buonotourist the first Altmark condition. As a result, since the first condition of the test was not met, the CJEU did not assess whether the second condition was met.
The CJEU also recalled that, although national courts can determine whether an aid is unlawful, only the Commission is competent to assess the compatibility of an aid. This exclusive competence remains even when a national court already issued a judgment on the matter. Indeed, the appellant argued that the Commission lacked the competence to adopt a decision on the compatibility of the aid since the Italian Council of State had already adopted a decision on the matter, which has the force of res judicata.
In the mentioned case, the aid was granted by the same public authority. The changes are minor and pertain to the determination of merging companies and the way the revenues in Denmark are calculated. Elettromeccanica Campana and another anonymized company.
The companies were sanctioned in and subsequently contested the decision in court, where they challenged the legality of the transcripts of intercepted phone calls. The Belgian competition authority, using its power to adopt specific rules pertaining to simplified notifications under the Belgian Economic Code, established the complementary rules.
After a public consultation, the authority drafted new rules, which allow the authority to render a decision within 15 working days in certain circumstances detailed in the official publication. The new rules are designed to deal more quickly with mergers that do not pose substantive competition issues. This is the third time the company gets to supply trains to the Chinese Railway Group, following orders dating from The Canadian-Chinese joint venture is also the only foreign co-owned company to ever supply Chinese high-speed lines.
In that regard, they also adopted negotiating guidelines for the Commission when designing the future relationship between the EU and the UK. The mandate granted to the Commission puts strong emphasis on the need to ensure a EU-UK level playing field for open and fair competition, and stresses the willingness of the EU to keep cooperating closely with the UK on regulatory aspects, including in the field of mobility and transport.
The EU and the UK will now start negotiating rounds. This comes as British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has been pushing for the conclusion of a trade deal with the EU before the end of , something EU officials have deemed unfeasible, or only on a limited number of points. With other countries like the Netherlands and Sweden pushing to reintroduce night trains, EU officials used this opportunity to show how a return to night trains could help Europe move forward on its climate objectives, as flights are increasingly seen as a nuisance to the environment.
Other officials were however more sceptical, citing that the disappearance of night trains from Belgium was due to a lack of customers. This announcement comes after the Swedish government commissioned the Swedish transport agency to study the feasibility of a wider project to connect Sweden to the rest of the continent.
In a draft of the report, although the project was deemed feasible, several issues were highlighted. Particularly, the draft report points out the need to negotiate and conclude agreements with other countries and the need to appoint an operator for the night train lines, probably through a tender.
The final report should be released in April this year. The issues include long start-up times and train operating systems breakdowns. The German operator now wants to claim damages. Eurostar Rivals Airplane Speed in Green Travel Push Starting in April , Eurostar will set up a direct link between Amsterdam and London, cutting current travel time by thirty minutes and making the trip competitive with a flight, the company argues. Although competing with airlines seems for now out of reach, the company argues that a train ride saves time in control checks and bring passengers from city centre to city centre.
The new offer comes as Eurostar and Thalys, both co-owned by Belgian and French national railway companies, have announced plans to merge and create a five-country train network that would be attractive enough to nearly double its number of passengers over the next ten years. The project, aims at linking London and the north of England with high-speed trains.
The decision comes as the budget has more than tripled since However, in an address to the British Parliament, Mr Johnson deemed the project essential to provide the country with adequate infrastructure, as the only high-speed line currently in existence in the United Kingdom is the one linking Saint Pancras station in London to the Channel Tunnel. This new link increases the high-speed service on the Granada-Antequera Santa Ana high-speed rail, which opened last year at the rate of 12 trains a day.
The Commission has threatened to stop future financing if no effort is made to solve the problems. The ambitious project consists of a high-speed freight and passenger line that would connect Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to the rest of the EU. While the project has been planned since the s, the three governments finally signed an intergovernmental agreement in The project should be implemented by Management issues, however, have delayed the project, and some aspects are completely stalled.
This is due to deep divisions among the three countries over how to proceed in the future. Lithuania seems to be reluctant to give the project company more control, which is one of the main criteria to keep funding coming, while Estonia and Latvia would welcome the idea. An answer on integrated governance for the construction phase shall be given by the Baltic leaders before the end of May. Catherine Trautmann, an ex-Member of the European Parliament and former mayor of Strasbourg, has been entrusted by the Commission to accelerate the project and declared that if no decision is reached, the EU will stop its funding.
Abc Large. ThinkStock Photos New Delhi is keen to wean some of them here and is reaching out to them to facilitate their entry, officials said. New Delhi: India has reached out to Japanese companies, not yet present in the country, such as Nintendo , Hitachi Metals , Taisho Pharma , Ono Pharma and Mizuno to set up operations here, and urged conglomerates already here to bring verticals currently missing.
The Japanese government is offering its companies incentives to shift manufacturing bases out of China either back home or to India or Bangladesh. New Delhi is keen to wean some of them here and is reaching out to them to facilitate their entry, officials said. Three categories of companies have been identified as part of the exercise. Venkata Chavali 73 days ago. India should have permanent representatives in all the countries which can invest in India and bring jobs, technology,.
Bilu What is wrong if India seeks investment? It is a very good thing. I don't what pleases you. Critics are always ready to jump on the government. These anti nationals should relocate to countries where dissenters and their complaints which is a regular habit, will end them in life time jail. View Comments Add Comments. Browse Companies:. To see your saved stories, click on link hightlighted in bold.
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Exclusive invites to Virtual Events with Industry Leaders. Venkata Chavali 73 days ago India should have permanent representatives in all the countries which can invest in India and bring jobs, technology,. Venkata Chavali 73 days ago Mr.
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