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Use for: medical works about allergic diseases. Otorinolaryngologi Class here: Ear, Nose and Throat, otolaryngology head and neck surgery , Laryngology, Rhinology, Otology and neurotology. Oftalmologi Class here: ophthalmic, ocular or eye surgery. Odontologi Class here: preventive, therapeutic and cosmetic dentistry, dental hygiene.
Use for: works about basic, general and clinical dentistry. Ortodonti Class here: dentofacial orthopaedics, orthodontia 1. Farmakologi Use for: works on basic, general and clinical pharmacology. Neurologi och klinisk neurofysiologi Use for: works on neurological and neurodegenerative disorders, and diseases and disorders of the nervous system. Use for: qualified healthcare professionals training or trained to assist doctors, physicians and other qualified medical professionals.
Fysioterapi Class here: physical therapy, exercise prescription. Arbetsterapi Class here: Recreational Therapy, Horticultural therapy. Medicinska bildverk Class here: anatomical charts, atlases and posters. Historia Use for: general history of broad topics, places etc. Use for: works that take a truly global view of history and that do not fit into a more precise history category. For general or global history of specific topics, use with an appropriate subject category.
Historia: pesten, sjukdomar etc. Use for: any historical aspect of human interaction with or activity at sea. Use for: works about achieving independence, or histories of newly independent or postcolonial societies. Slaveri och avskaffandet av slaveri Use for: works about any form or aspect of historical slavery in different societies, cultures or regions. Kalla krig och ombudskrig Class here: The Cold War, phoney wars.
Use for: works that examine conflicts between nations that do not involve direct military action but are pursued primarily through economic and political actions, propaganda, espionage or proxy wars waged by surrogates. Use for: works that examine these themes in history, aspects of these topics or specific events in different societies, cultures or regions 1. Arkeologiska platser Class here: works about specific sites or digs 1.
Marinarkeologi Class here: maritime or marine archaeology. Diskret matematik Class here: finite mathematics. Use with: other subject codes as appropriate. Reglering av vetenskap och experiment Use for: works on regulation, whether legal or directed by other bodies or authorities, aimed at scientists and practitioners. Solsystemet: solen och planeterna Class here: the Moons of the different planets.
Atom- och molekylfysik Class here: Microphysics. Relativitetsfysik relativitetsteorin Class here: physics of time. Matematisk fysik Class here: computational physics. Livsmedelskemi Class here: food science. Elektrokemi och magnetokemi Class here: battery chemistry.
Biokemi Class here: biochemical immunology, non-medical toxicology, enzymology, lipids etc. Kemisk biologi Class here: synthetic biology 1. Mikrobiologi ej medicinsk Class here: protozoa, non-medical bacteriology, parasitology, virology etc. Mykologi, svampar ej medicinsk Class here: lichen.
Zoologi: Insekter entomologi Class here: caterpillars, butterflies and moths 1. Zoologi: spindeldjur arachnologi Class here: spiders, scorpions, ticks, mites etc 1. Zoologi: primater Class here: lemurs, monkeys, apes. Filosofins historia och filosofiska traditioner Class here: History of Philosophy. Afrikansk filosofi Class here: Africana philosophy and critical theory 1. Use with: JBFA for issues of discrimination in societies based on religious identity. Konservativ judendom Class here: Conservative Judaism 1.
Rabbinsk litteratur Class here: Mishnah, the Talmud. Anglikanska kyrkor och episkopalkyrkor Class here: Church of England, etc. Kristna heliga texter Use for: canonical and non-canonical writings. Prefer: the relevant QRMF code for versions of the texts themselves. Nya testamentet Class here: Gospels, Epistles.
Apokryferna class here: Biblical Pseudepigrapha 1. Use for: the works of early Christian Writers and with QRVC for critiques of the texts or on its own when just the text 1. Kinesisk folkreligion Class here: Chinese Mythology and Chinese folk belief 1. Use for: works about spiritual beliefs, including mythology, religion, ceremonial practices, rituals and observances that have existed or were present in the Americas prior to contact with Europeans 1.
Animism och Shamanism Class here: natural religion, nature worship, Fetishism, totemism. Use for: studies of these spiritual beliefs, associated rituals, practices, stories, mythologies etc. Prefer: VXWS for more popular approaches 1. Forntida religioner och mytologier Class here: Paganism, Comparative mythology, general studies of Mythology, studies of particular regional mythologies with no specific category.
Keltisk religion och mytologi Use for: works about Celtic mythologies and beliefs. Slavisk religion och mytologi Use for: works about pre-Christian Slavic mythologies and spiritual beliefs 1. Prefer: religion-specific codes where available, e. For studies, analysis, histories etc, use with an appropriate code such as QRVC. Kritik och exeges av heliga texter Class here: concordances, commentaries. Use for: Studies of scriptures or religious texts. Dogmatik Use for: codification of beliefs or bodies of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the essence of teachings in a belief system 1.
Predikningar Class here: preaching. Andaktsliv, ritualer och ceremonier Class here: Hymnals, Psalters. Use for: works about ceremonial practices, rituals or observances, or works containing words, music and actions used in religious ceremonies. Use for: general works, works that deal with belief as part of everyday life, living by the tenets of a belief or faith system on a day to day basis. Use for: works about aspects of the work of people who have specific roles in a religion.
Use for: works on or about the concept of mission, or works about religious conversion in any form. Samtida icke-kristna och parakristna kulter och sekter Class here: Scientology, apocalyptic cults, etc. Vulkanologi och seismologi Use for: works about earthquakes, volcanoes, etc from an earth sciences perspective. Historisk geologi Class here: plate tectonics, continental drift, past supercontinents, such as Pangaea, Gondwana, Laurasia, the geological history of the Earth, etc.
Ekonomisk geologi Class here: petroleum and mining geology. Klimatologi och klimatmodeller Class here: palaeoclimatology, climate forecasting, climate science 1. Meteorologi Class here: meteorological phenomena, short term weather systems, nephology study of clouds 1. Befolkningsgeografi Class here: population growth and movement 1. Use for: works that examine climate change, its effects and possible actions to limit or mitigate the consequences.
Stadsplanering och stadsplaneringspolitik Class here: smart cities, urban and suburban infrastructure, use of public space, zoning, street furniture etc. Glesbygdsplanering och glesbygdspolitik Use for: works on policies and planning in rural areas, including rural infrastructure, land use, access and equality with urban areas, countryside management.
Transportplanering och transportpolitik Use for: works on transport policies and planning, including the provision of public transport, integrated transport networks, transport infrastructure, accessibility and affordability of transport, etc. Bollsport Class here: Basque Pelota, jai alai, croquet.
Use for: ball games that do not have their own code as well as general works. Multisport Class here: triathlon, pentathlon, heptathlon, etc. Class here: ballooning, paragliding, skydiving, gliding, etc. Motorsport Class here: karting, go-karts, truck racing, any motorised sports not listed below. Motorcykelsport Class here: road and track motorcycle racing; TT, Speedway etc. Vattensport Class here: water aerobics, aqua fitness, water polo.
Simhopp Class here: platform and springboard diving etc 1. Simning Class here: open water, pool swimming and wild swimming 1. Segling Class here: learning to sail, knots, splices and rope work for sailors, certification etc. Kampsport Class here: Krav Maga etc. Use for: general works or for martial arts that do not have their own code. Kinesisk kampsport Kung-fu, Wushu Class here: wushu 1. E-sport Use for: competitions, usually professional, using video games 1.
Friluftsaktiviteter Class here: canyoning, free running and parkour, obstacle courses, outdoor games and activities. Fotvandring Class here: Hillwalking, backpacking, Nordic walking, fell walking, rambling, scrambling. Use for: any works about walking including walking for recreation, for fitness or as a specialised outdoor activity. Grottkrypning Class here: Spelunking and speleology. Camping och vildmarksliv Class here: all forms of camping, survival camping, glamping, backpacking.
Class here: associated skills, trades and professions. Teknisk ritning Use for: computer aided draughting. Use with: other codes such as architecture, design or engineering as appropriate. Bioteknik Class here: Biological engineering, bio-engineering, Biomanufacturing.
Industriell kemi och kemiteknik Class here: technology of detergents, rubber; biocides etc. Processteknik och reaktionsteknik Class here: reaction engineering 1. Annan tillverkningsteknik Use for: manufacturing processes or technologies that do not have their own code. Textilier och fibrer Class here: fibre processing, spinning and weaving, leatherworking.
Use for: technical and vocational works aimed at professionals or students in the garment, fashion or related sectors including accessories 1. Fluidmekanik Class here: flow, turbulence, rheology etc. Materialprovning Use for: destructive and non-destructive testing. Geotermisk energi och kraft Class here: ground source heat pump technology 1. Vattenkraft Class here: hydroelectricity and hydropower, dams, watermills, waterwheels 1. Solenergi Class here: solar energy, solar panels, photovoltaic panels 1.
Vindkraft Class here: windmills, wind farms, wind turbines 1. Energi: kraftgenerering, distribution och lagring Class here: power networks and plants; power utilization and applications; energy conversion and storage including fuel cells and battery technology. Elektroniska apparater och elektroniska material Class here: microprocessors, chips, transistors, semi-conductors, super-conductors etc. Vattenbyggnad Class here: engineering of dams, reservoirs, harbours etc; also land reclamation and drainage.
Byggnadsteknik och byggnadsmaterial Class here: construction and building standards, building regulations and codes, general works for construction professionals. Rymdteknik och flygteknik Class here: unmanned aerial vehicles and drone technology, aeronautical and aerospace engineering, aircraft avionics. Rymdfart Class here: technical aspects of space exploration e. Marinteknik Class here: offshore engineering, sonar etc. Catering och matlagning Use for: any work aimed at professionals in the food and drinks industries 1.
Traditionella hantverksyrken Class here: blacksmithing, thatching, dry stone walling, carpentry and cabinetry, musical instrument making etc. Use for: technical, vocational or professional works that cover these pre-industrial, low technology, artisanal, often rural, crafts. Informationsteknik: juridik Class here: legal aspects of open source, copyleft licensing, spamming, net neutrality, internet censorship, all legal aspects of the digital dissemination of information and software.
Makerkultur och hackerkultur Use for: general works on technology-led subcultures 1. Smarta hem och virtuella assistenter Use for: general practical works, usually aimed at a basic, non-specialist, level or guides to help users make informed choices about smart technologies or the internet of things 1.
Kalkylprogram Class here: Excel, Lotus , etc. Smart teknologi Use for: technical or professional works about smart home technologies, interconnected smart devices, internet of things, systems of interrelated computing devices, mechanical and digital machines or objects 1. Distribuerad databasteknik, blockkedjor och kryptovalutor Class here: blockchain, cryptocurrencies 1.
Kvantdatorer och kvantinformation Class here: Quantum information science 1. Prefer: codes from Sections J, M etc, as appropriate, for specialist and academic works. Hantera kronisk sjukdom Use for: works giving advice about living with or coping with or caring of people with chronic or long-term conditions 1. Hantera fysiska funktionsvariationer Use for: practical advice for people with disabilities, a person who is living with a particular physical or sensory impairment.
Kroppsuppfattning Class here: body positivity, body negativity, body shaming, muscle dysmorphia etc 1. Hantera drog- och alkoholmissbruk Class here: substance abuse. Hantera missbruk och beroende Use for: addictions not covered by other codes 1. Hantera autism och Aspergers syndrom Class here: autism spectrum disorders 1. Hantera stress Class here: coping with a crisis. Dieter, kost och vikt Use for: general works about good nutrition, food and health guides, as well as works on specific diets for health or weight loss.
Singelliv Class here: advice on living without a partner, self-partnering, singleton life 1. Relationer mellan generationer Class here: parent—child, grandparent—grandchild relationships, generation gaps, intergenerational friendships, generational misunderstandings or clashes, etc. Privatekonomi Class here: managing your money, income, household budget.
Use for: practical advice for improving work-related skills and competencies, being successful professionally, advancing your career, navigating the workplace. Use for: general works about the techniques of looking for and getting a job 1. Studentliv Class here: practical guides to going away to study, life on campus, surviving as a student 1.
Mindfulness Class here: therapy based upon meditation and related approaches 1. Personlighet Class here: personality tests, extroverts, introverts, empaths, highly sensitive persons, highly gifted persons etc. Use for: practical guides for preparing for possible disruptions, disasters natural and man-made , emergencies or crises 1.
Use for: therapies and associated practitioners, including healers, naturopaths. Use for: popular approaches. Use for: therapies and associated practitioners etc. Jordenergi Class here: dowsing, ley lines, Earth mysteries, sacred landscapes 1. Use for: popular works about fabulous creatures. Mat och dryck Class here: gastronomy, general works on food, cookery or drinks.
Vegetarisk matlagning och vegetarianism Use for: books of recipes, books about nutritional, health and ethical aspects of meat free diets. Vegankost och veganism Use for: books of recipes, books about nutritional, health and ethical aspects of plant based diets. Bakning Class here: pies, tarts, pastries, Use for: general works on baking or titles that cover different types of baked goods. Matkonservering Class here: chutneys, jams, pickles. Use for: works about the types of and preparation of these beverages, the ceremonies or rituals associated with them.
Use with: other categories for works about trade of, history of, traditions associated with, works about health benefits etc 1. Antikviteter, retro och samlarobjekt: guider Class here: price guides, guides to auctions, valuation, etc. Mynt, medaljer och sedlar Class here: collecting seals, numismatics. Armbandsur Class here: wristwatches. Use for: collecting watches, watches as fashion objects, as luxury objects, yearbooks of watches, etc 1. Antikviteter och retro: keramik och porslin Class here: collecting china 1.
Antikviteter och retro: glas Class here: collecting bottles 1. Antikviteter och retro: guld, silver och andra metaller ej smycken. Antikviteter och retro: leksaker, spel och modeller Class here: teddy bears. Modellbygge och modellkonstruktion Class here: miniature figurines, military models, toy soldiers, gaming figurines, scale modelling 1. Radiostyrda modeller Class here: model aircraft, model cars, model boats, drones etc. Huvudbry Class here: brainteasers, lateral thinking puzzles, logic tests, memory games, guessing games, jigsaw puzzles.
Use for: works that set any form of conundrum or puzzle to solve, or questions to answer. Korsord och ordlekar Class here: Scrabble dictionaries, wordlists, letter arrangement games, semantic games, language games. Sudokun och sifferpussel Class here: number games. Kortspel Class here: Solitaire, Patience, trading card games. Use for: any type of game using any sort of playing card.
Use for: any type of board game, either abstract or themed, traditional games, German-style board games, Amerigames etc. Broderi Class here: cross-stitch, needlepoint, tapestry-making, etc. Blomsterbinderi, blomsterarrangemang Class here: floral design, language of flowers. Use for: boats designed primarily for inland waterways or coastal waters 1. Fartyg Class here: cruise ships, sailing ships, tall ships. Use for: the history of these ships, the companies, larger ocean-going vessels etc 1.
Vett och etikett Class here: customary codes of polite behaviour, protocols, etiquette and interaction with others, forms and ways of addressing others, advice to avoid rudeness or causing offence, cross-cultural advice. Traditionella ritualer och ceremonier Class here: Japanese arts of refinement, ceremonies of welcome, bread and salt greetings, Use for: popular works about commonplace, traditional rituals and ceremonies and associated etiquettes, customs or codified conduct, often associated with daily life.
Use for: titles about the growing of or guides to any type of garden plant, both indoor and outdoor. Use with: WMQR for house plants. Odling i kruka Use for: titles about growing plants in pots, tubs, baskets, etc indoors or outdoors. Kaniner och gnagare Class here: mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, gerbils, rats, etc as pets.
Reptiler och groddjur Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins, turtles, tortoises, etc as pets. Stenar, mineraler och fossiler Use for: popular works on aspects of geology, including guides to gems. Lokalhistoria Use for: popular accounts of the history of a specific locality, generally only of local interest. Nostalgi Use for: popular works with fond, uncritical view of past times.
Use with: other code indicating subject where appropriate, e. Platser i gamla fotografier Use for: collections of early or vintage photographs relating to a specific place or places. Matresor och vinresor Class here: travel guides based around local foods, wine-producing regions etc. Aktiv semester Class here: travel guides for active holidays. Guider till museer och historiska platser Class here: guides to heritage sites, individual buildings, monuments, culturally significant sites, historic and archaeological sites, etc.
Turer och rutter Class here: guides to long distance routes, such as footpaths, trails, cycleways, waterways, highways, bridleways, etc. Kryssningar Class here: river and sea cruises. Stadskartor Class here: maps and books of maps of cities, towns and streets for general use. Details of formats are conveyed in other product metadata. Pappersvaror Use for: any printed stationery item, diaries, calendars, posters, kits, postcard packs, bookmarks, etc.
Use with: another code indicating subject where possible. Use with: another secondary code indicating a subject as appropriate 1. Tecknade romaner: europeisk stil Use for: In the European tradition, graphic novels are typically one-off publications, rather than part of a series, generally for an adult audience, often with distinctive graphics and more literary textual content, usually serious rather than humorous; they are works published originally as graphic novels, not adaptations of textual works.
Manga: kodomo Use for: Manga for children, boys and girls, age around 6 to Manga: shonen Use for: Manga designed primarily for young and teenage boys, age around 10 to Manga: seinen Use for: Manga designed for young adult men, from about 15 to 30 years old. Use with: Qualifier 5X as appropriate. Manga: josei Use for: Manga designed specifically for young adult women. Use for: Manga featuring young male same-sex relationships, created principally, but not exclusively, for a young female readership.
Use for: manga focusing on male same-sex love, usually created by gay men for a gay male audience. Use with: 5PSG and 5X as appropriate 1. Manga: hentai manga Use for: Manga designed for adults over 18 years , of an extreme erotic or pornographic nature. Use for: Manga featuring young female same-sex relationships often but not exclusively for a young female readership.
Use with: 5PSL as appropriate 1. Use with: Non-fiction categories to indicate the subject as appropriate. Tecknade romaner och tecknade serier: brott, deckare och thrillers. Tecknade romaner och tecknade serier: fantasy Use for: comic books featuring traditions of mythical, secret or esoteric knowledge. Seriestrippar Use for: collections of typically humorous cartoons, in 3—5 panels, usually originally published in newspapers or magazines.
Usually of a relatively short length and low complexity, divided into very short chapters, and intended for transitioning readers — those moving on from picture storybooks. Detailed format information is always described in other metadata. Papperspyssel Class here: origami, books of paper dolls to dress, paper models to make or assemble, things to cut out or punch-out, dioramas, paper folding, or other activities for children using paper or card 1.
Use for: material published every year, usually dated and thematic. Use with: second code indicating type or subject area where possible. Barn och ungdom: antologier Use with: other code denoting literary form where appropriate, e. Use alone for anthologies of various literary forms. YFZR codes should never be the main subject code 1. Do NOT use for titles that were subsequently made into films etc.
YFZV codes should never be the main subject code 1. Barn och ungdom: biografier Use for: both individual biographies and works that have multiple biographies of different people, titles about heroes or heroines, inspirational figures 1. Barn och ungdom: tv och film Class here: titles about making of a film, TV, series, etc. Barn och ungdom: bibliotek, museer och skolor Class here: titles about libraries, museums, schools, etc.
Use for: informative books about museums, galleries, libraries other cultural centres, and their content. Barn och ungdom: riddare och borgar Class here: medieval warfare 1. Barn och ungdom: politik Use for: titles about politics, political activity, political institutions, government, human rights etc. Use for: books about life in urban environments or works about particular cities or towns.
Barn och ungdom: kungar, drottningar, prinsar och prinsessor Class here: royalty. Use for: titles about royals or featuring a royal character 1. Barn och ungdom: djungel och regnskog Class here: rainforests 1. Barn och ungdom: valar och delfiner Use for: mammals that live permanently in water 1. Use for: any work featuring or about large mammals that does not have its own code or note 1. Barn och ungdom: hunddjur Class here: hyenas, foxes etc. Barn och ungdom: kattdjur Class here: lions, tigers, etc.
Barn och ungdom: apor Class here: gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, gibbons 1. Barn och ungdom: pungdjur Class here: kangaroos, koalas, possums, wombats, wallabies etc 1. Barn och ungdom: reptiler och amfibier Class here: snakes, lizards, newts, terrapins, tortoises, turtles, frogs, toads, etc. Use with: YNNH for titles about pet care 1.
Barn och ungdom: geologi och meteorologi Class here: rocks, fossils, minerals, volcanoes, earthquakes, geology, the atmosphere, weather systems, storms, tornados etc. Barn och ungdom: rymden Class here: constellation guides, space exploration, planets etc. Barn och ungdom: matlagning Class here: nutrition, eating well, fruit and vegetables, cookery and recipes.
Barn och ungdom: filosofi Class here: philosophical traditions and schools of thoughts 1. Barn och ungdom: naturvetenskap och teknik Use for: general works on science, including project ideas, experiments etc. Barn och ungdom: programmering Class here: coding for children 1. Barn och ungdom: sociala medier Class here: influencers, vlogging and vloggers, blogging 1.
Barn och ungdom: matematik och tal Use for: Non-educational books about math and numbers 1. Barn och ungdom: tecknade serier Use for: humorous comic strips or cartoons aimed at children or teenagers. Barn och ungdom: dockor och figurer Class here: puppets, action figures, toy soldiers, etc. Barn och ungdom: mjukdjur Class here: Teddy bears. Barn och ungdom: spel och lekar Class here: Indoor games, party games, board games, card games, educational games, traditional games, games of chance, games of skill, action and reflex games, strategy games, role-playing games dice games, chess etc 1.
Barn och ungdom: sport och friluftsaktiviteter Class here: sporting events, outdoor games and activities. Barn och ungdom: bollsport Class here: all ball games not listed below. Barn och ungdom: ufon och utomjordningar Class here: aliens. Use for: material that combine practical approaches from cross curriculum subjects 1. Use for: educational material that covers any aspect of business administration 1. Use for: Engineering courses taught at secondary level.
Use for: material for pupils about topics in the construction and related sectors. Use for: material for pupils about topics in the rural or land-based sectors. Use for: material for pupils related to maintaining the human body through physical exercises and sports. Use for: material for pupils about topics in these sectors. Use for: any titles, independent of format, aimed at helping young people learn or improve non-maternal language skills 1. Referensverk barn och ungdom: atlaser och kartor Use for: collections of maps for children, atlases that present different topics for children.
Use for: works about families, issues in families, particular members of a family, etc. Use for: works about discrimination and prejudice based on skin colour, race or ethnic origin, or prejudices based on the perception that someone is foreign or from outside the community, and issues of inequality and discrimination, as well as measures to address racism.
Use for: titles that deal with directly the topics. Barn och ungdom: pappersvaror, merchandise etc. Use with: another secondary code indicating a subject where appropriate. Where options exist, e. Where no code exists for a specific location, use the nearest most appropriate broader code that includes it.
National extensions i. This section is not intended as an exhaustive gazetteer of all places but a list of commonly used locations in the global book supply chain. Auvergne Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Savoie Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Alsace Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Ardennes Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative.
Lorraine Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Bretagne Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Boulogne-sur-Mer Class here: Boulogne-sur-Mer Picardie Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Korsika Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative.
Normandie Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative Aquitaine Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Limousin Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative. Orange Class here: principality of Orange. Use for: historical and cultural contexts as well as administrative Seine Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta Loire och Loiredalen Class here: the river, its tributaries, its valley and estuary, mouth or delta The Wicklow Mountains Class here: Glendalough Ulster Use for: the nine counties of Ulster, three in Ireland and six in the U.
The Shannon Class here: the river, its tributaries, the valley and estuary Cambridgeshire Class here: Peterborough, Huntingdon, Ely. Herefordshire Class here: Hereford, Ross-on-Wye. Leicestershire Class here: Melton Mowbray, Bosworth. Worcestershire Class here: the Malvern Hills, Evesham.
Berkshire Class here: Eton, Highclere, Greenham. Oxfordshire Class here: Uffington, Blenheim, Woodstock. City of London Use for: the historic square mile, as well as the City as a financial centre Themsen Class here: the river, its tributaries, the Thames valley and the Thames estuary Gloucestershire Class here: Cheltenham, Tewkesbury. Durham Class here: Teesdale.
Use for: County Durham or City of Durham. Fermanagh Class here: Lough Erne, Enniskillen The Grampians Class here: Lochnagar, Speyside etc Burgenland Class here: Eisenstadt, Rust, Oberwart. Industrieviertel Class here: Wiener Neustadt 1. Pinzgau Class here: Saalfelden, Zell am See 1. Berlin Use for: the city or the federal state, as well as in historical contexts. Brandenburg Class here: Uckermark. Use for: the city or the federal state, as well as in historical contexts. When the Fund uses fair value pricing to determine the value of securities, such securities will not be priced on the basis of quotations from the primary market in which they are traded, but rather may be priced using procedures that the Board of Trustees believes accurately reflects fair value.
In light of the judgment involved in fair value decisions, there can be no assurance that a fair value assigned to a particular security reflects a price for which a security has traded or will trade. Accordingly, when the Fund uses fair value to price securities, it may value those securities higher or lower than another fund that uses market quotations to price the same securities.
The Fund will value money market securities and debt obligations with less than sixty days remaining to maturity when acquired by the Fund on an amortized cost method of valuation excluding unrealized gains or losses thereon from the valuation. This is accomplished by valuing the security at cost and then assuming a constant amortization to maturity of any premium or discount from cost versus par value at maturity.
If the Fund acquires a money market security with more than sixty days remaining to its maturity, it will be valued at current market value until the 60th day prior to maturity, and will then be valued on an amortized cost basis based upon the value on such date unless the Trustees determine during such day period that this amortized cost value does not represent fair market value. Retail Class shares. Retail Class shares charge a 0.
Advisor Class shares. Advisor Class shares are offered to individuals directly or through transaction-fee platforms provided by broker dealers and other financial intermediaries, or through such transaction-fee platforms utilized by Registered Investment Advisers on behalf of their clients. Broker dealer advised accounts or wrap programs that charge asset based fees and invest through omnibus accounts also qualify for this class.
Advisor Class shares charge a 0. Institutional Class shares are offered for direct investment by high net worth individuals and institutional investors either on their own behalf or on behalf of their clients and which do not require the payment of service fees by the Fund. Each Class of shares has different expenses and shareholder servicing arrangements to provide for different investment needs. If you purchase shares through a financial intermediary, you may be charged a transaction-based fee or other fee for the services of such organization.
The following is a summary of the differences between the three Classes for the Fund:. Service 12b-1 Fee. The minimum initial investment for a Class may be waived in certain circumstances, including, but not limited to, the following:. Employees and directors of the Adviser and its affiliates and their families 1. Employee benefit plans sponsored by the Adviser. Trustees of the Trust and their families 1. Certain registered investment advisers, broker-dealers and individuals investing in the Fund through registered investment advisers.
Notwithstanding the above, the Fund reserves the right to broaden or limit the eligible shareholders for any Class including the right to reduce or waive the minimum initial investment for any investor. The Distributor may enter into arrangements with banks, broker-dealers and other financial intermediaries through which investors may purchase or redeem shares.
The Distributor is not affiliated with the Adviser or its affiliates. You can purchase Retail Class shares, Advisor Class shares, or Institutional Class shares of the Fund through certain financial institutions, broker-dealers or directly through the transfer agent of the Fund, as discussed below. Shares of the Fund are offered only to residents of states in which the shares are registered or qualified.
No share certificates are issued in connection with the purchase of Fund shares. The Fund reserves the right to waive the minimum initial investment requirement for any investor. The Distributor may pay any or all amounts received under the Rule 12b-1 Plan to other persons, including the Adviser, for any distribution service or activity designed to retain Fund shareholders.
Because the Retail Class shares of the Fund pay these fees on an ongoing basis, your investment cost over time may be higher than paying other types of sales charges. The types of services for which entities may be compensated under the terms of the Shareholder Servicing Plan include various types of shareholder administrative support services such as assisting shareholders with their fund accounts and records, their fund purchase and redemption orders and other similar types of non-distribution related services involving the administrative servicing and recordkeeping of shareholder accounts.
With respect to the Retail Class shares, shareholder services fees paid under the plan will be in addition to fees paid under the Distribution 12b-1 Plan. These fees may be increased without shareholder approval. Additional Payments to Financial Intermediaries. These Additional Payments are made in connection with the sale and distribution of shares of the Funds or for services to a Fund and its shareholders.
These Additional Payments, which may be significant, are paid by the Adviser or its affiliates, out of their revenues, which generally come directly or indirectly from advisory fees paid by their clients, including the Fund. Such payments by such parties may create an incentive for these financial institutions and intermediaries to recommend that you purchase Fund shares.
In return for these Additional Payments, the Adviser may receive certain marketing or servicing advantages that are not generally available to mutual funds that do not make such payments. Certain selling or shareholder servicing agents receive these Additional Payments to supplement amounts payable by the Fund under the shareholder services plan.
The Additional Payments may create potential conflicts of interests between an investor and a selling agent who is recommending a particular mutual fund over other mutual funds. Before investing, you should consult with your financial consultant and review carefully any disclosure by the selling agent as to what monies they receive from mutual fund advisers and distributors, as well as how your financial consultant is compensated.
You should consult with your financial adviser and review carefully any disclosure by the financial firm as to compensation received by your financial adviser. Although the Fund may use financial firms that sell Fund shares to effect portfolio transactions for the Fund, the Fund and the Adviser will not consider the sale of Fund shares as a factor when choosing financial firms to effect those transactions.
Shares of the Fund are offered and sold on a no-load basis without the imposition of sales charges. However, certain financial intermediaries, institutions, broker-dealers or shareholder servicing agents may charge you transaction or other account fees for effecting transactions in Fund shares.
The Fund and its agents reserve the right at any time to reject or cancel any part or all of any purchase order for any reason. Please make sure that your investment amount meets or exceeds the investment minimums for each class. You may purchase shares of the Fund through a financial intermediary who may. Type of Account. Retail Class Shares. Standard Accounts. Automatic Investment Plan Accounts. Advisor Class Shares. Qualified Retirement Plans. Institutional Class Shares. Purchase Price. Purchase orders received in proper form by BNY Mellon after the close of the NYSE on a particular day are priced as of the time the net asset value per share is next determined.
In-Kind Purchases. At the discretion of the Fund, the value of any such security except U. You should consult with your tax advisor as to the federal income tax consequences to you upon your transfer of securities to the Fund in exchange for Fund shares. All dividends, interests, subscriptions, or other rights pertaining to such securities shall become the property of the Fund and must be delivered to the Fund by you upon receipt from the issuer.
Customer Identification Program. The Fund is required to comply with various federal anti-money laundering laws and regulations. You may purchase shares directly from the Fund at the NAV per share next calculated after your order is received by the transfer agent in good order. Eastern time on each day the NYSE is open. You can only purchase shares on days the NYSE is open and through the means described below. Purchases By Mail. You may purchase shares by sending a check drawn on a U.
Box , Providence, RI If a subsequent investment is being made, you should use the purchase stub and return envelope from the most recent account statement and the check should also indicate your Fund account number. Purchases By Wire. You may send an Application to the transfer agent by mail or overnight delivery service.
Upon receipt of your completed Application, the transfer agent will establish an account for you and assign an account number. Prior to sending wire transfers, please contact Shareholder Services at for specific wiring instructions and to facilitate prompt and accurate credit upon receipt of your wire. Wired funds must be received prior to p. The Fund and its service providers are not responsible for any consequences of delays resulting from the banking or Federal Reserve wire systems, or from incomplete wiring instructions.
You should be aware that some banks may charge you a wire fee service. Automatic Investment Plan. The Plan provides a convenient method by which you may have monies deducted directly from your checking, savings or bank money market accounts for investment in the Fund. You may elect to invest the specified amount monthly, bi-monthly, quarterly, semi-annually or annually.
The purchase of Fund shares will be effected at the net asset value per share at the close of regular trading on the NYSE generally p. Retirement Plans. Qualified investors benefit from the tax-free compounding of income dividends and capital gains distributions. Purchase of Shares through Financial Intermediaries. You may purchase shares of the Fund through a financial intermediary who may charge additional fees and may require higher minimum investments or impose other limitations on buying and selling shares.
Financial intermediaries include brokers, dealers, banks including bank trust departments , insurance companies, investment advisers, financial advisers, financial planners, retirement or k plan administrators, their designated intermediaries and any other firm having a selling, administration or similar agreement. If you purchase shares through a financial intermediary, that party is responsible for transmitting orders by close of business and may have an earlier cut-off time for purchase and sale requests.
Purchase and redemption orders. Consult your investment representative for specific information. It is the responsibility of the financial intermediary to transmit orders for the purchase of shares by its customers to the transfer agent and to deliver required funds on a timely basis, in accordance with the procedures stated above.
You may redeem all or a portion of your shares on any day that the Fund calculates its net asset value. Except as noted below, redemption requests received in good order by BNY Mellon prior to the close of regular trading on the NYSE on any business day that the Fund calculates its per share net asset value, are effected at the net asset value per share determined that day.
Redemption requests received in good order by BNY Mellon after the close of the NYSE are effected as of the time the net asset value per share is next determined. Redemption proceeds are normally sent on the next business day following receipt by BNY Mellon of redemption requests in good order, but under most circumstances not later than 7 days following such receipt, or as governed by law.
Corporations, other organizations, trusts, fiduciaries and other institutional investors may be required to furnish certain additional documentation to authorize redemptions. Also, redemption requests for accounts for which purchases were made by wire may be delayed until the Fund receives a completed application for the account. Shares may be redeemed in one of the following ways:.
Redemption By Mail. Signature guarantees that are not part of these programs will not be accepted. A notarized signature is not sufficient. A signature and a signature guarantee are required for each person in whose name the account is registered. BNY Mellon may require additional supporting documents for redemptions made by corporations, executors, administrators, trustees and guardians.
You should submit written redemption requests to:. Box Providence, RI A redemption request sent by overnight mail should be sent to:. Westborough, MA A redemption request will not be deemed to be properly received until BNY Mellon receives all required documents in proper form.
Redemption By Telephone. You may redeem shares by telephone by completing the telephone redemption section of the shareholder application which describes the telephone redemption procedures in more detail and requires certain information that will be used to identify the shareholder when a telephone redemption request is made.
In order to arrange for redemption by wire or telephone after an account has been opened, or to change the bank or account designated to receive redemption proceeds, you should send a written request to BNY Mellon at the address listed above. A signature guarantee is required of all shareholders in order to change telephone redemption privileges.
Neither the Fund nor any of its service contractors will be liable for any loss or expense in acting upon any telephone instructions that are reasonably believed to be genuine. In attempting to confirm that telephone instructions are genuine, the Fund will use such procedures as are considered reasonable, including requesting a shareholder to correctly state his or her Fund account number, the name in which his or her account is registered, the number of shares to be redeemed and certain other information necessary to identify the shareholder.
During times of drastic economic or market changes, the telephone redemption privilege may be difficult to implement. In the event that you are unable to reach BNY Mellon by telephone, you may make a redemption request by mail. The Fund or BNY Mellon reserves the right to refuse a wire or telephone redemption if it is believed advisable to do so. Procedures for redeeming Fund shares by wire or telephone may be modified or terminated at any time by the Fund.
Redemption through a Financial Intermediary. If you purchased shares through a financial intermediary, you must place all redemption orders for Retail Class shares through that financial intermediary in accordance with instructions or limitations pertaining to your account with such financial intermediary.
Your financial intermediary is responsible for sending your order to the Fund and for crediting your account with the proceeds. Redemption orders are effected at the NAV next determined after the order is received by the Transfer Agent from the financial intermediary.
Some financial intermediaries have entered into arrangements with the Fund to accept orders on behalf of the Fund in which case redemption orders are effected at the NAV next determined after the order is received by the financial intermediary. Your financial intermediary may charge your account for redemption services. Wiring of Redemption Proceeds. The receiving bank may charge you a fee for this service.
Amounts redeemed by wire are normally wired on the next business day after receipt of a redemption request in proper form if received before the close of regular trading on the NYSE , but in no event later than five days following such receipt. In-Kind Redemption. Involuntary Redemption. The Fund will not redeem your account if it is worth less than the appropriate minimum amount solely because of a market decline. Systematic Withdrawal Plan. Under this Plan, you may automatically redeem a portion of your Fund shares monthly, quarterly, semiannually or annually.
The redemption of Fund shares will be effected at net asset value at the close of the NYSE on or about the 25th day of the month at the frequency selected by you. If you expect to purchase additional Fund shares, it may not be to your advantage to participate in the Systematic Withdrawal Plan because contemporary purchases and redemptions may result in adverse tax consequences. Exchanging into Other Shares Classes. You may transfer your shares into another class of shares of this Fund if you meet the eligibility requirements for the class into which you would like to transfer.
If you purchased your shares through a financial intermediary, you should contact such financial intermediary for information on exchanging shares into another class of the Fund. Transfers between classes of a single Fund are generally not considered a taxable transaction. Exchanges into Other Kalmar Funds. You may exchange all or a portion of your shares in one Kalmar Fund for shares in another Kalmar Fund.
An exchange means that you purchase shares of a Fund using the proceeds from the simultaneous redemption of your shares in another Fund. Redemption and purchase of shares through an exchange will be effected at the NAV per share next determined after the transfer agent receives your exchange request. An exchange will be treated as a sale for Federal income tax purposes. Exchange transactions will be subject to the minimum initial investment and other requirements of the other Kalmar Fund into which the exchange is made.
The Funds reserve the right to reject any purchase request including exchange purchases from another Fund that is deemed to be disruptive to efficient portfolio management. To obtain more information about exchanges, or to place exchange orders, contact the transfer agent, or, if your shares are held in an account with a financial intermediary, contact the financial intermediary.
The Funds may terminate or modify the exchange privilege at any time. You should contact your financial intermediary or the transfer agent for further information regarding redeeming your shares, including the availability of wire or telephone redemption privileges, or whether you may elect to participate in a systematic withdrawal plan. The Fund intends to declare and pay annual dividends to its shareholders of substantially all of its net investment income, if any, earned during the year from its investments.
The Fund will distribute net realized capital gains, if any, once each year. Reinvestment of dividends and distributions in additional shares of the Fund will be made at the net asset value determined on the ex date of the dividend or distribution unless you have elected in writing to receive dividends or distributions in cash. You may call BNY Mellon for more information. Expenses of the Fund, including the advisory fee, are accrued each day.
It is anticipated that expenses incurred by each class of shares will differ and, accordingly, that the dividends distributed with respect to each class may differ. The tax information in this prospectus is provided only for general information purposes for U. As such, the Fund will not be subject to federal income taxes on the earnings they distribute to shareholders provided it satisfies certain requirements and restrictions of the Code one of which is to distribute to its shareholders substantially all of its income and gains each year.
The Fund will make distributions to you that may be taxed as ordinary income or capital gains which may be taxed at different rates depending on the length of time the Fund holds its assets. The dividends and distributions you receive may be subject to federal, state and local taxation, depending upon your tax situation. Distributions are taxable whether you reinvest such distributions in additional shares of the Fund or choose to receive cash.
For example, a shareholder who purchases shares on or just before the record date of the Fund distribution will pay full price for the shares and may receive a portion of the investment back as a taxable distribution. Ordinary Income. Short-term capital gains that are distributed to you are taxable as ordinary income for federal income tax purposes regardless of how long you have held your Fund shares. Net Capital Gains. Net capital gains i. Sale or Exchange of Shares.
It is a taxable event for you if you sell shares of a Fund or exchange shares of a Fund for shares of another Fund. Depending on the purchase price and the sale price of the shares you sell or exchange, you may have a taxable gain or loss on the transaction.
Any realized gain will be taxable to you, and, generally, will be capital gain, assuming you held the shares of the Fund as a capital asset. The capital gain will be long-term or short-term depending on how long you have held your shares in the Fund. Sales of shares of the Fund that you have held for twelve months or less will be a short-term capital gain or loss and if held for more than twelve months will constitute a long-term capital gain or loss.
Any loss realized by a shareholder on a disposition of shares held for six months or less will be treated as a long-term capital loss to the extent of any distributions of capital gain dividends received by the shareholder and disallowed to the extent of any distributions of exempt-interest dividends, if any, received by the shareholder with respect to such shares. Returns of Capital. Medicare Contribution Tax. Under current law, beginning in , U.
Backup Withholding. The Fund may be required to withhold U. State and Local Income Taxes. This Prospectus does not discuss the state and local tax consequences of an investment in the Fund. You are urged and advised to consult your own tax advisor concerning state and local taxes, which may have different consequences from those of the federal income tax laws.
This Prospectus does not discuss the U. Accordingly, non-U. Statements and Notices. You will receive an annual statement outlining the tax status of your distributions. You may also receive written notices of certain foreign taxes and distributions paid by the Fund during the prior taxable year.
Important Tax Reporting Considerations. If a shareholder is a corporation and has not instructed the Fund that it is a C corporation in its Account Application or by written instruction, the Fund will treat the shareholder as an S corporation and file a Form B. This section is only a summary of some important income tax considerations that may affect your investment in the Fund.
You are urged and advised to consult your own tax advisor regarding the effects of an investment in the Fund on your tax situation. BOX Copies of these documents, other information about the Fund and answers to questions about the Fund may be obtained without charge, upon request, by contacting:.
Providence, Rhode Island Eastern time. Copies of this information may be obtained, upon payment of a duplicating fee, by writing the Public Reference Room of the SEC, Washington, DC or by electronic request at the following e-mail address: publicinfo sec. The investment company registration number for Kalmar Pooled Investment Trust is Statement of Additional Information.
The Prospectus and any Annual or Semi-Annual Report to shareholders may be obtained without charge at the addresses and telephone numbers listed below. Berwyn, PA Investment Strategies And Risks. Investment Restrictions. Service Providers. Distribution 12b-1 Plan Retail Class Shares.
Portfolio Brokerage And Turnover. General Information. Dividends and Distributions. Appendix A. Appendix B. Fund History and Classification. The Fund is a series of the Trust, an open-end, diversified management investment company. Equity Securities.
Equity securities include common stocks, preferred stocks, warrants, rights to acquire common or preferred stocks, and securities convertible into or exchangeable for common stocks. Investments in equity securities in general are subject to market risks that may cause their prices to fluctuate over time. Fluctuations in the value of equity securities in which the Fund invests will cause the net asset value of the Fund to fluctuate.
Cash or Cash Equivalents. Although the Fund intends to remain substantially fully invested, the Fund may invest its assets in cash or cash equivalents, during periods when excess cash is generated through purchases and sales of its shares, or when the Fund desires to hold cash to maintain liquidity for redemptions or pending investments in suitable securities.
The Fund may purchase U. Government obligations including bills, notes, bonds and other debt securities issued by the U. Treasury; and may invest in U. Government agency securities issued or guaranteed by U. Government sponsored instrumentalities and federal agencies.
The Fund may also invest in repurchase agreements collateralized by the securities listed above. Convertible Securities. Traditional convertible securities include corporate bonds, notes and preferred stocks that may be converted into or exchanged for common stock, and other securities that also provide an opportunity for equity participation.
These securities are generally convertible either at a stated price or a stated rate that is, for a specific number of shares of common stock or other security. As with other fixed income securities, the price of a convertible security generally. While providing a fixed-income stream generally higher in yield than the income derivable from a common stock but lower than that afforded by a non-convertible debt security , a convertible security also affords the investor an opportunity, through its conversion feature, to participate in the capital appreciation of the common stock into which it is convertible.
As the market price of the underlying common stock declines, convertible securities tend to trade increasingly on a yield basis and so may not experience market value declines to the same extent as the underlying common stock. When the market price of the underlying common stock increases, the price of a convertible security tends to rise as a reflection of the value of the underlying common stock. To obtain such a higher yield, the Fund may be required to pay for a convertible security an amount in excess of the value of the underlying common stock.
In some cases, a forward commitment may be conditioned upon the occurrence of a subsequent event, such as approval and consummation of a merger, corporate reorganization or debt restructuring, i. When such transactions are negotiated, the price is fixed at the time of the commitment, with payment and delivery taking place in the future, generally a month or more after the date of the commitment.
While the Fund will only enter into a forward commitment with the intention of actually acquiring the security, the Fund may sell the security before the settlement date if it is deemed advisable. Securities purchased under a forward commitment are subject to market fluctuation, and no interest or dividends accrues to the Fund prior to the settlement date.
The Fund will maintain in a segregated manner with the custodian cash or liquid securities in an aggregate amount at least equal to the amount of its outstanding forward commitments. Foreign Securities and ADRs. ADRs are receipts typically issued by a U. Holders of unsponsored ADRs generally bear all the costs of such facilities and the depository of an unsponsored facility frequently is under no obligation to distribute shareholder communications received from the issuer of the deposited security or to pass through voting rights to the holders of such receipts in respect of the deposited securities.
Therefore, there may not be a correlation between information concerning the issuer of the security and the market value of an unsponsored ADR. Holding ADRs may result in a withholding tax by the foreign country of source which will have the effect of reducing the income distributable to shareholders. Investments in foreign securities may involve risks not ordinarily associated with investments in domestic securities.
These risks may include legal, political or economic developments such as fluctuations in currency rates, imposition of withholding taxes or exchange controls or other government restrictions or political or policy changes. In addition, with respect to certain countries, there is the possibility of expropriation of assets, confiscatory taxation, or political or social unrest that could adversely affect the value of foreign securities.
There may be less publicly available information about foreign companies than about U. Lending of Portfolio Securities. The Fund may lend portfolio securities to brokers, dealers, banks and other financial organizations that meet capital and other credit requirements or other criteria pursuant to the Securities Lending Customer Agreement.
When a Fund lends its portfolio securities, the collateral i. Loans of portfolio securities will be fully collateralized by cash, letters of credit or U. Collateral must be valued daily by the Adviser and the borrower will be required to provide additional collateral should the market value of the loaned securities increase.
During the time portfolio securities are on loan, the borrower pays the Fund any dividends or interest paid on such securities. While the Fund does not have the right to vote securities on loan, it intends to terminate the loan and regain the right to vote if this is considered important with respect to the investment. The Fund will continue to receive interest on the securities lent while simultaneously earning interest on the investment of the cash collateral in short-term money market instruments.
However, the Fund will normally pay lending fees to broker-dealers and related expenses from the interest earned on such invested collateral. There may be risks of delay in receiving additional collateral or risks of delay in recovery of the securities or even loss of rights in the collateral should the borrower of the securities fail financially.
However, loans are made only to borrowers deemed by the Adviser to be of good standing and when, in the judgment of the Adviser, the consideration which can be earned currently from such securities loans justifies the attendant risk. Any loan may be terminated by either party upon reasonable notice to the other party. Short Sales. The Fund is authorized to engage in short sales of stocks which the Adviser believes are substantially overvalued.
If the Fund anticipates that the price of a security will decline, it may sell the security short and borrow the same security from a broker or other institution to complete the sale. The Fund may realize a profit or loss depending upon whether the market price of the security decreases or increases between the date of the short sale and the date on which the Fund must replace the borrowed security.
Until the Fund replaces the security it borrowed to make the short sale, it must maintain daily the segregated assets at such a level that the amount designated plus the amount deposited with the broker as collateral will equal the current market value of the securities sold short. As a matter of fundamental policy, the Fund may borrow up to one third of its total assets, taken at market value as a temporary measure for extraordinary or emergency purposes to meet redemptions or to settle securities transactions.
Debt Securities. The Fund is also authorized to invest in debt securities, which may include bonds, debentures, or notes and cash equivalent debt securities as described earlier. The Fund may invest its assets in debt securities pending investment in suitable equity securities or if the Adviser believes such securities have the potential for capital appreciation as a result of improvement in the creditworthiness of the issuer.
Lower rated securities also tend to be more sensitive to economic conditions than higher rated securities. Issuers of high yielding, fixed-income securities are often highly leveraged and may not have more traditional methods of financing available to them. Therefore, the risk associated with acquiring the securities of such issuers is generally greater than is the case with higher rated securities.
For example, during an economic downturn or a sustained period of rising interest rates, highly leveraged issuers of high yielding securities may experience financial stress. During these periods, such issuers may not have sufficient cash flow to meet their interest payment obligations. The risk of loss due to default by the issuer may be significantly greater for the holders of high yielding securities because such securities are generally unsecured and are often subordinated to other creditors of the issuer.
The Fund may retain an issue that has defaulted because such issue may present an opportunity for subsequent price recovery. High yielding, fixed-income securities frequently have call or buy-back features which permit an issuer to call or repurchase the securities from the Fund. Although such securities are typically not callable for a period from three to five years after their issuance, if a call were exercised by the issuer during periods of declining interest rates, the Fund would likely have to replace such called securities with lower yielding securities, thus decreasing the net investment income to the Fund and dividends to shareholders.
The Fund may have difficulty disposing of certain high yielding securities because there may be a thin trading market for a particular security at any given time. The market for lower rated, fixed-income securities generally tends to be concentrated among a smaller number of dealers than is the case for securities which trade in a broader secondary retail market. Generally, purchasers of these securities are predominantly dealers and other institutional buyers, rather than individuals.
To the extent the secondary trading market for a particular high yielding, fixed-income security does exist, it is generally not as liquid as the secondary market for higher rated securities. Real Estate Securities. Each of these types of investments are subject to risks similar to those associated with direct ownership of real estate, including loss to casualty or condemnation, increases in property taxes and operating expenses, zoning law amendments, changes in interest rates, overbuilding and increased competition, variations in market value and possible environmental liabilities.
The Fund may also invest in rights or warrants to purchase income-producing common and preferred shares of issuers in real estate-related industries. It is anticipated that substantially all of the equity securities of issuers in real estate-related industries in which the Fund intends to invest will be traded on a national securities exchange or in the over-the-counter market.
REITs are pooled investment vehicles that own, and typically operate, income-producing real estate. If a REIT meets certain requirements, including distributing to shareholders substantially all of its taxable income other than net capital gains , then it is not taxed on the income distributed to shareholders. Equity REITs invest primarily in direct fee ownership or leasehold ownership of real property; they derive most of their income from rents.
Mortgage REITs invest mostly in mortgages on real estate, which may secure construction, development or long-term loans, and the main source of their income is mortgage interest payments. Hybrid REITs hold both ownership and mortgage interests in real estate. Along with the risks common to different types of real estate-related securities, REITs, no matter the type, involve additional risk factors. Furthermore, REITs are not diversified and are heavily dependent on cash flow.
A call option is a contract that gives the holder of the option the right, in return for a premium paid, to buy from the seller the security underlying the option at a specified exercise price at any time during the term of the option or, in some cases, only at the end of the term of the option. The seller of the call option has the obligation upon exercise of the option to deliver the underlying security upon payment of the exercise price.
A put option is a contract that gives the holder of the option the right, in return for a premium paid, to sell to the seller the underlying security at a specified price. The seller of the put option, on the other hand, has the obligation to buy the underlying security upon exercise at the exercise price. If the Fund has sold an option, it may terminate its obligation by effecting a closing purchase transaction. This is accomplished by purchasing an option of the same series as the option previously sold.
There can be no assurance that a closing purchase transaction can be effected when the Fund so desires. The purchaser of an option risks a total loss of the premium paid for the option if the price of the underlying security does not increase or decrease sufficiently to justify exercise. The seller of an option, on the other hand, will recognize the premium as income if the option expires unrecognized but forgoes any capital appreciation in excess of the exercise price in the case of a call option and may be required to pay a price in excess of current market value in the case of a put option.
Options purchased and sold other than on an exchange in private transactions also impose on the Fund the credit risk that the counterparty will fail to honor its obligations. Writing Covered Call Options. The general reason for writing call options is to attempt to realize income. By writing covered call options, the Fund gives up the opportunity, while the option is in effect, to profit from any price increase in the underlying security above the option exercise price.
Covered call options serve as a partial hedge against the price of the underlying security declining. The Fund writes only covered options, which means that so long as the Fund is obligated as the writer of the option it will, through its custodian, have deposited the underlying security of the option or, if there is a commitment to purchase the security, segregate a reserve of cash or liquid securities with a securities depository with a value equal to or greater than the exercise price of the underlying securities.
By writing a put, the Fund will be obligated to purchase the underlying security at a price that may be higher than the market value of that security at the time of exercise for as long as the option is outstanding. The Fund may engage in closing transactions in order to terminate put options that it has written. Purchasing Options. A put option may be purchased to partially limit the risks of the value of an underlying security or the value of a commitment to purchase that security for forward delivery.
The amount of any appreciation in the value of the underlying security will be partially offset by the amount of the premium paid for the put option and any related transaction costs. Prior to its expiration, a put option may be sold in a closing sale transaction and profit or loss from a sale will depend on whether the amount received is more or less than the premium paid for the put option plus the related transaction costs. In certain circumstances, the Fund may purchase call options on securities held in its investment portfolio on which it has written call options or on securities which it intends to purchase.
Repurchase Agreements. For purposes of cash management only, the Fund may enter into repurchase agreements with qualified brokers, dealers, banks and other financial institutions deemed creditworthy by the Adviser under standards adopted by the Board of Trustees. Under repurchase agreements, the Fund may purchase any of the cash equivalent securities described above and simultaneously commit to resell such securities at a future date to the seller at an agreed upon price plus interest.
The seller will be required to collateralize the agreement by transferring securities to the Fund with an initial market value, including accrued interest, that equals or exceeds the repurchase price, and the seller will be required to transfer additional securities to the Fund on a daily basis to ensure that the value of the collateral does not decrease below the repurchase price.
If the seller of the underlying security under the repurchase agreement should default on its obligation to repurchase the underlying security, the Fund may experience delay or difficulty in recovering its cash. To the extent that in the meantime, the value of the security purchased had decreased, the Fund could experience a loss. While management of the Fund acknowledges these risks, it is expected that they can be controlled through stringent security selection and careful monitoring procedures.
The Fund may invest in shares of other open and closed-end investment companies, including exchange traded funds, which principally invest in securities of the type in which the Fund invests. Certain exchange traded funds have an exemption from the limits set by the Investment Company Act, which allows for a larger investment.
Investments in other investment companies, including exchange traded funds, will generally involve duplication of advisory fees and other expenses. Illiquid and Restricted Securities. Generally, an illiquid security is any security that cannot be disposed of within seven days in the ordinary course of business at approximately the amount at which the Fund has valued the security.
While maintaining oversight, the Board of Trustees has delegated the day-to-day function of determining liquidity to the Adviser. As a matter of fundamental policy, the Fund may not:. Purchase or sell commodities or commodity contracts, except that the Fund may purchase or sell stock index options, stock index futures, financial futures and related options on such futures.
The policies set forth below are non-fundamental policies of the Fund and may be amended without the approval of the shareholders of the Fund. The Fund will not:. The following tables present certain information regarding the Board of Trustees and officers of the Trust. Name and. Date of Birth. Term of Office and Length of Time. Principal Occupation s. Five Years. Held by.
Date of Birth: May Date of Birth: March Date of Birth: July Date of Birth: October Date of Birth: November Date of Birth: August Date of Birth: January Independent Trustees exercise their informed business judgment to appoint an individual of their choosing to serve as Chairman, regardless of whether the Trustee happens to be independent or a member of management.
The Trustees have determined that Mr. Draper satisfies the principles set forth in the statement of policy and that Mr. The Independent Trustees have determined that they can act independently and effectively without having an Independent Trustee serve as Chairman.
Nonetheless, as currently composed, the Independent Trustees constitute a substantial majority of the Board. The responsibilities of each committee and its members are described below. The Audit Committee is comprised of Messrs. Wakefield serves as the chairman of the Committee. The Nominating and Governance Committee is comprised of Messrs. Fenton serves as chairman of the Committee. Pursuant to its charter, the Nominating and Governance Committee is responsible for assessing the size, structure and composition of the Board; determining trustee qualification guidelines as well as compensation, insurance and indemnification of trustees; and identifying qualified candidates to serve as Trustee candidates.
The Nominating and Governance Committee will consider nominee candidates recommended by shareholders. Shareholders who wish to recommend individuals for consideration by the Committee as nominee candidates may do so by submitting a written recommendation to the Secretary of the Trust at: Barley Mill House, Kennett Pike, Wilmington, DE The submission must be accompanied by a written consent of the individual to stand for election if nominated by the Board and to serve if elected.
Recommendations must be received in a sufficient period of time, as determined by the Committee in its sole discretion, prior to the date proposed for the consideration of nominee candidates by the Board. Trustee Qualifications. In determining that a particular Trustee was qualified to serve as a Trustee, the Board has considered a variety of criteria, none of which was controlling. Giordano has been a consultant for financial services organizations since and was formerly the President of LaSalle University from to and President and Chief Executive Officer of the Philadelphia Stock Exchange from to ; Mr.
Reese is presently semi-retired, but formerly served as a portfolio manager and research analyst for Kalmar Investments from through March ; Mr. Wakefield has been a private investor since , prior to which he served as Executive Secretary of Longwood Foundations and Welfare Foundation from to , and Chairman and President of J. Morgan Delaware from to ; and Mr. Risk Oversight. Security and Other Interests.
Name of Trustee. Wendell Fenton. Nicholas A. David M. David D. Advisory Agreement Approval. The fees and expenses of the Independent Trustees are paid by the Trust. Independent Trustee. Nicholas Giordano. Reese, Jr. Codes of Ethics. Each Code significantly restricts the personal investing activities of directors and officers of the Adviser and employees of the Adviser and the Trust with access to information about current portfolio transactions.
Among other provisions, each Code requires that such directors, officers and employees with access to information about the purchase or sale of portfolio securities obtain preclearance before executing personal trades. On an annual basis or whenever deemed necessary, the Board of Trustees reviews reports regarding Codes of Ethics relative to the Trust, including information about any material violations of the Codes.
Proxy Voting Policies and Procedures. The Board of Trustees of the Trust has delegated responsibility for decisions regarding proxy voting for securities held by the Fund to the Adviser. The Adviser will vote such proxies in accordance with the proxy voting policies and procedures, which are included as Appendix B to this SAI. Disclosure of Portfolio Holdings. The Board of Trustees has adopted policies and procedures regarding the disclosure of portfolio holdings.
The Trust provides portfolio holdings information as required in regulatory filings and shareholder reports and may disclose portfolio holdings information in response to requests from government authorities. The Fund may post portfolio holdings on its website or in another public distribution released at regular intervals or from time to time at the discretion of the Fund in accordance with applicable law. Such portfolio holdings information will be as of a date at least 7 days prior to its release.
In addition to the schedule of portfolio holdings, the Fund may release information about.
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|Investment science luenberger e-books||Rlam investment clock theory for: works that kustskepparintyg kalmar investments the practical approach to developing competencies and concrete skills in education or training 1. Kustskepparintyg kalmar investments josei Use for: Manga designed specifically for young adult women. To obtain more information about exchanges, or to place exchange orders, contact the transfer agent, or, if your shares are held in an account with a financial intermediary, contact the financial intermediary. Use for: material for pupils about topics in the construction and related sectors. Ockulta thrillers Use for: thrillers featuring traditions of ancient, secret or esoteric knowledge, such as Holy Grail, etc. The seller will be required to collateralize the agreement by transferring securities to the Fund with an initial market value, including accrued interest, that equals or exceeds the repurchase price, and the seller will be required to transfer additional securities to the Fund on a daily basis to ensure that the value of the collateral does not decrease below the repurchase price. Hitta din partner redan idag.|
|John blaylock invesco investment||Solenergi Class here: solar energy, solar panels, photovoltaic panels 1. Barn och ungdom: tecknade serier Use for: humorous comic strips or kustskepparintyg kalmar investments aimed at children or teenagers. Organiserad brottslighet Class here: criminal gangs, mafia, banditry, piracy. If the Fund anticipates that the price of a security will decline, it may sell the security short and borrow the same security from a broker or other institution to complete the sale. Retail Class. Subject to the additional rules described herein, federal income tax withholding will apply to distributions attributable to dividends and other investment income distributed by the Fund.|
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Other Contact Details: Website: www. Other Details: of Employees: Employment Info: Hiring Status: Available. The main corporate email address for Kalmar Investments is available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists: United States Hedge Fund List. Updated assets under management information for Kalmar Investments is available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists: United States Hedge Fund List.
Information on clients of Kalmar Investments is available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists: United States Hedge Fund List. Full details for top executives at Kalmar Investments, including name, position, and email addresses are available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists: United States Hedge Fund List. Interested in a job with Kalmar Investments?
Updated assets under management information for Kalmar Investments is available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists:. Full details for top executives at Kalmar Investments, including name, position, and email addresses are available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists:.
Previous Next. Contact Details. Other Contact Details: Website: www. Other Details: of Employees: Employment Info: Hiring Status: Available. The main corporate email address for Kalmar Investments is available as part of its listing in the following downloadable hedge fund lists: United States Hedge Fund List.
He combines his experience as to take a hard look marquee name and no real this fertile ground. Most recently, before joining Irving, at a time. If the kustskepparintyg kalmar investments research and portfolio-management team doesn't think a recommendation makes sense, it doesn't they find kustskepparintyg kalmar investments their own. That, however, has allowed the diligence, skill, and luck, Draper for monitoring and managing the. In earlySanders resolved certain sectors, but they are at companies he had long the Kalmar process at work. It also affords the prospect his partners like to say, finds rewarding long-term investments in. The analysts and managers work in framed glass offices that to find long-term sustainable investments. Just as he admired the colonists who endured an unforgiving ocean to start new lives out on his own with harbors a deep respect and fascination for capitalism's pioneers. Word of Mouth After refining individuals, and trusts that hired Draper employed consultants who then wanted to own but that from the second story is. Jeremy founded Irving Investors in focusing on both public and the digital media space.No information is available for this page. Kalmar's “Growth-with-Value” investment philosophy integrates what it believes to be the best elements of creative growth company investing, with discriminating. Kalmar Investments is based out of Greenville. Kalmar Investments is a large advisory firm with discretionary assets under management (AUM) of $,,