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Statutory interpretation of federal law begins with the statute itself. Looking at the plain language, an initial consideration is whether the language is broad enough to encompass not only businesses that bet and wager, but also businesses that knowingly accept, place, receive or facilitate the bets or wagers of others. Such a broad interpretation would certainly encompass bookmakers or "bookies" , whose business is to enter into bets or wagers with others and thereby risk loss or stand to win something of value, depending on the outcome of the events bet or wagered upon.
But it would also encompass businesses that receive, place or facilitate the bets or wagers of others, such as those businesses which operate pari-mutuel wagering pools or daily fantasy sports platforms. These business have no direct stake in the ultimate outcome of a sporting event. Such a broad interpretation lacks support in the plain meaning of the statute, as well as in other gambling-related statutes. If Congress had meant for such a broad interpretation, it would have utilized a much broader term, such as involved rather than engaged.
By using the term engaged , Congress essentially narrowed the scope of the Wire Act to those businesses whose actual direct business is to enter into bets or wagers with others and thereby risk loss or stand to win something of value depending on the outcome of the events bet or wagered upon. The appellate court in United States v. Scavo further examined this issue, but they did so by looking at the issue from the perspective of an individual not directly involved in the business in question and whether or not said person may be culpable under the Wire Act.
In Scavo , the appellant, an individual not under the direct control of a bookmaking business, was convicted of engaging in the business of betting or wagering in violation of the Wire Act. The evidence demonstrated the appellant worked on behalf of a bookie by providing the bookie with betting line information over the telephone.
Ultimately, the Scavo court found that the appellant and their actions were essential to the operation of the bookmakers' business. Therefore, they had violated the Wire Act by providing the bookie with the required line information in order to operate their business.
Although not defined under the Wire Act, "betting or wagering" has been clearly defined under other related statutes as "[t]he staking or risking by any person of something of value upon the outcome of a contest of others, a sporting event, or a game subject to chance, upon an agreement or understanding that the person or another person will receive something of value in the event of a certain outcome.
If, on the other hand, any of these three elements is missing, then the activity would not be prohibited. While the Wire Act is broad, there are a handful of exceptions. For example, there is a "newsworthiness" exception which allows the transmission of prohibited information if used for news reporting or sporting events or contests. Another is the safe harbor exception, which allows for the transmission of information across state lines if the "betting on that sporting event or contest" is legal in both jurisdictions.
As described above, the Wire Act is an extraordinarily complex statute. Perhaps adding to the complexity, the statute was drafted in the s when President Kennedy sought to disrupt organized criminal activities. Now, with the widespread use of the internet, the Wire Act shows itself to be antiquated and in need of significant revamping from Congress. Four years ago, the New Jersey legislature tried again with a different law that merely repealed its previous restrictions on the placing of sports wagers at race tracks and casinos.
The U. Roberts Jr. Gorsuch agreed that the 10th Amendment shields states from being required to enforce a federal law. Breyer agreed in part with her dissent. The American Gaming Assn. Congress has long recognized the potential harms posed by sports betting to the integrity of sporting contests and the public confidence in these events. We will continue to support legislation that creates air-tight coordination and partnerships between the state, casino operators and the governing bodies in sport toward that goal.
Instead the court struck down the entire federal framework prohibiting legalized gambling in sports. Assemblyman Adam Gray D-Merced said Monday he would pursue a state constitutional amendment on the issue. Gray introduced a bill last year to put the question on the ballot. It needs a two-thirds approval from the Legislature.
Then, it would need a simple majority vote in November. Legalization of sports betting should not become a back-door way to infringe upon that exclusivity. On Twitter: DavidGSavage. The latest news, analysis and insights from our politics teams from Sacramento to D. You may occasionally receive promotional content from the Los Angeles Times. David G.
The GOP sees him as something else: a ripe target. Biden faces California roadblock in school reopening push. Biden administration pledges more support for minority businesses. About Us. Brand Publishing.
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It has probably been taking place in one form or another as long as sports have been played. People from all over the world, from all walks of life, enjoy betting on sports. But why? What makes it such an attractive activity? Many people begin betting on a sport they love because it is just another way to be involved with a sport and athletes that they love.
Betting on sports allows fans to feel like they are even more a part of the sport and even a part of the team. It adds an extra element of excitement to every season and every game. Even people who are new to sports betting will find it is easy to get involved with.
There are many sites to choose from that will allow you to get involved straightforwardly and fairly. You can check out sports betting sites at BonuseOnline. As human beings, we tend to enjoy risk-taking to a certain degree. A sport betting is essentially controlled risk-taking. The chance to win a little, or a lot, betting on your favorite sports is exciting.
This excitement is why casinos are popular. People love the thrill, and why not mix your favorite sport with the excitement that comes with the chance to win real money? Many people partake in sports betting with their friends. They all join the same website or create their own league of sorts.
It becomes a friendly competition between friends. Not only can you enjoy sports betting with people you have known for a long time, but it is also an opportunity to make new friends. If you are trying to grow your friend circle, this is an easy way to do it because you know you have at least one thing in common: a love of sports.
We live and work in busy times. Sports betting are a simple way to engage in something that is fun and might even bring us some winnings in the end. The sporting world is currently in a state of shutdown following the Coronavirus Pandemic.
No live sports are taking place; however, work continues at pace in the background to in an effort to make sports betting legal in the US. Around 20 states were making progress this month before lockdowns were ordered, so here is an update on what is happening with some key states. The below states made rapid progress during March, even though some have unfortunately had their sports betting hopes ended. Illinois did actually launch legalized sports betting on March 9 but has of course come to a sudden halt due to Coronavirus.
Rivers Casino in Des Plaines , Ill. Expect things to get going again when sports re-start in the US. Colorado launched sports betting on May 1. Lawmakers in the state are continuing to review applications that are coming in, and they have issued more than 30 licenses this month. It looks like things will slow dramatically now in the Bluegrass sate. Everything was ready to legalize sports betting even just a few weeks ago, but things have changed.
A sports betting bill has been pushed back, and it looks like things will now have to wait until There were actually two sports betting bills that passed in Georgia, although neither were approved by the other governing body. The deadline for of March 12 for any new law to be passed has now gone, so things will now go in to Michigan was able to get in there just before everything shut down, which you can read about here. So, it is just a case of making sure everything is ready to go when sports kick back into action.