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Revel in a sense of discovery and support local artists and craftsmen. While visiting the Arts and Crafts Fair at Ferio Wawer Gallery, look for small batch treats, one-of-a-kind gifts, home decor, stationery, jewellery, apparel, art and more.
Support your local artists! Scooter is a German group whose music is a combination of dance, rave, breakbeat hardcore, happy hardcore, trance and techno genres. The group is the embodiment of dance music at its most over the top and excessive.
Baxxter for a danceable instrumental track. Their carnivalesque live shows involve lasers, pyrotechnics, dancers, and copious amounts of audience participation. A rainbow is associated these days with LGBT, salvation, and to some is purely an enchanting product of Nature. This time the sculpture hopefully will invite discussions about life, spirituality, and social divisiveness that emerged over the period of last years.
The sculpture erected in as a part of Epitafium exhibition will hopefully initiate an important discourse tackling the burning social issues. QAdmission free, www. August Zamoyski was a Polish sculptor, an author of stone compositions in simplified and geometrised form.
His first works were influenced by French Cubism and Italian futurism. Later he developed his own, monumental style related to Classicism. At the end of his life, Zamoyski created expressive religious works. It will not be a classic museum show though, but instead an intimate portrait of Zamoyski against a historical background - places he lived in, artists he befriended, and many fascinating personalities surrounding the sculptor.
Open ; Thu ; Sat, Sun Closed Mon. The exhibition has the character of a unique visual arts show. The exhibition is arranged according to thematic groups, not necessarily chronological. Mixing time periods reinforces the idea of the timelessness of a poster. After all, history repeats itself, and it is especially true when it comes to Poland.
QPoster Museum, ul. Open ; Mon Great opportunity to learn more about your own body and discover your own uniqueness! Apart from figuring out your weight, height etc. Treat your body like your own private research material - run variety of tests and experiments and be the judge how far you are willing to go examining yourself.
Open ; Sat It is a true Lego extravaganza! Over new exhibits, incredible buildings from all over the world, interactive models, lifesize figures, tons of inspirational ideas plus Duplo zone for the youngest fans of Lego. There is no need to go to Legoland and Disneyland anymore because you can see these most amazing theme parks up close at the PGE. The bravest visitors can visit specially created Lego Horror Room.
All in all, it is the most incredible exhibition, a must-see for both children and adults. Open ; Sat, Sun In addition, the exhibition presents technologically advanced research methods and their results as well as methods of assessing their age. Open Closed Tue. The artist presents dwarves as rational cult beings, inhabiting worlds parallel to ours. Their true image though is full of heroic deeds - they stand guard, protecting houses with their tiny posture.
Open ; Wed ; Sat ; Sun Open ; Thu, Fri ; Sat The exhibition is the first solo presentation of hysslom art in Europe. It is a constant change, a movement and a method of action of the collective, created by Itaru Kato, Fuminori Hoshino and Yuuu Yoshida. Hyslom art plays with risk, and its anarchistic actions are based on cooperation with people and nature. One day during the stay in Copenhagen, Hyslome collective found a boulder that resembled a stone once lost in Japan.
The members of the collective decided to transport it to their country. The U-jazdowski exhibition is a stopover on this journey. Anna Siekierska is an artist and a nature activist, whose project is a kind of manifesto against marginalising the presence of non-human neighbours plants and animals. The artist believes that the environment can be healed by refraining from typical human interference. The exhibition will present her new works installations, photographs, sculptures and films.
They ask - Who owns history? What is memory and what is oblivion? Who creates archives? Can word-of-mouth stories be a legitimate part of them? Is it possible to build a community around a collection of artworks? Karol Radziszewski is a multimedia artist, painter, author of installations, photographs, videos and interdisciplinary projects.
His archive-based methodology crosses multiple cultural, historical, religious, social and gender references. The artist combines facts with fantasies and creates documents using shreds of memory. The new residential district, Muranow, was commissioned to be built and repopulated by people from all over Poland and abroad, who began to create a new identity of the place.
Open ; Wed, Sat, Sun Closed Mon, Tue. Once you alight from your train, take one of the two facing escalators in the centre of the platform, which lead you up into one of the underground passages that flank the main hall. Whichever side you come up on you will be one level below ground level and the ticket hall. Kantors can be found in the underground passageway between Centralna and the Marriott.
Signs for ATMs bankomats are everywhere, and the machines can be spotted at almost every turn. Tickets for the public transport system can be bought from most newspaper kiosks. Left luggage is located in the underground corridor that runs below the main hall. Connect to a Polish network via mobile by getting SIM and pre-paid cards from the same newsagents you now need to register any new SIM card so expect a bit of a wait.
There is a new info point called InfoDworzec open - which offers more general tourist info. The selection of outlets selling food and drink at Centralna has improved dramatically. There are all kinds of local and international coffee joints, fast food chains and kebab shops to grab a quick bite or pass some time. Jerozolimskie 54, MCentrum, tel. Open 24hrs. Note that due to system maintenance seat reservations cannot be made between Kijowska 20, tel. Jerozolimskie , tel. A new viewing platform has recently opened and is free from - and located near the entrance to the train platform.
After hearing several complaints, we suggest agreeing on the price with your driver before setting off. Cheapskates can catch the brand new train into the city or get bus no. The train station can be found underground by turning right outside of whichever arrivals area you leave from and going all the way to the end of the covered section where you will find escalators taking you down to ticket booths.
The SKM trains run several times an hour and are red and white in colour. The KM trains run once per hour, are green and white, and will take you to Centralna. They have their own ticket office at the station with a fixed price of 6. The train ride to the centre should take around 20 minutes. Buses run frequently between and with journey time taking approximately 25 minutes. At night when the stops running travellers can take the N32 night bus, which runs every 30 minutes. Fill out the English reservation form on their website total prices are confirmed during the booking process and an English speaking driver will be waiting to whisk you straight to your destination.
Check their website for details. All buses equipped with wi-fi. Roads leading into Warsaw tend to be of decent dual carriageway standard, though once you enter the city limits Warsaw traffic can become a serious problem - particularly during the week. Parking in the central area is generally available on-street where there are standard parking charges payable at roadside machines.
Most major hotels will offer some form of off-road guarded parking. Be warned that Polish driving behaviour is not the best, especially comparing to driving in western Europe. This is one of the biggest cheap airline hubs in Poland and Ryanair currently operates 48 connections across Europe here.
Although the quality of the roads has improved greatly in the last decade, with the resurfacing of old roads and the addition of new expressways and motorways a work still ongoing , aggressive and impatient driver behaviour still results in many accidents.
Seat belts must be worn at all times and it is illegal for drivers to use hand-held mobile phones. Following the letter of the law all cars should be equipped with a first aid kit, warning triangle, fire extinguisher, rear mud flaps and right and left hand outside mirrors. The legal limit for drink driving is 0. Carry your license and passport at all times when driving. Since April it has been compulsory for headlights to be switched on at all times.
Though some rental companies the dodgier ones will still rent you a car, be aware that you are assuming full liability for any damages if you get behind the wheel; you also run the risk of getting a citation from the police for driving without a valid license. Wiktora Thommee 1A , Al. Open ; Sat ; Sun Costs are from 1. The i3s cost 1. Free parking applies for electric, however, parking restrictions still apply to all cars, so be careful.
For full details, visit their site. Nowogrodzka 22, MCentrum, tel. SIXT Qul. You must buy tickets prior to boarding all services, either online at pkp. Travel times can vary widely depending on the type of train making the journey. The shorter the journey, the nicer the train and higher the price. Express InterCity Premium EIP : the fastest and most comfortable trains on offer Pendolino , 1st and 2nd class include electrical sockets, limited wi-fi, adjustable seats and a restaurant carriage serving food and refreshments.
Express InterCity EIC : comfortable 1st and 2nd class compartments, which include electrical sockets and limited wi-fi service. InterCity IC trains are modern, comfortable and relatively cheap and will get you to wherever you need to go. EuroCity trains are quick connections to major European cities, and EuroNight are fast international night trains. Twoje Linie Kolejowe TLK , are much cheaper and older trains with mostly 2nd class compartments comfier 1st class is available.
Our advice is to show up early, as these routes are often overcrowded and you may be forced to sit or stand in the aisle. For more information on train times and prices check the official website of Polish Railways - www.
On the former you can book a ticket without the hassle of queuing at the station. PL Travelling around Poland is becoming easier for visitors to the country, much easier than what we had to experience years ago, for sure! With a host of sites and services available to ease your travels woes, one of the best is e-podroznik e-traveller.
This is your one stop shop for planning all major cross-country travel in Poland whether it be by bus or train. You can search timetables and buy tickets online by visiting their site en. Just type in your starting address the app does this automatically and destination, or pin the locations on a map; select the time you want to depart or arrive, and Jakdojade magically churns out the best method for you to get there.
For those who prefer to feel smarter than their phones, you can also find timetables and network maps at ztm. Find a currency exchange and two ATM bankomat machines located in the main hall. Emilii Plater. Taxis to the centre run between zl refuse a lift from any of the smiling unlicensed operators who offer you a lift.
The bus running to the centre is found right across a busy highway and getting there is an adventure in itself seeing there are no signposts in the subway leading there. Not half as much as we were. Good work Warsaw. Remember to validate your ticket on boarding. Ticket office open Warsaw has an extensive bus and tram system crisscrossing the city as well as a good metro system with M1 line running north-south and M2 running east-west. Over 1, buses operate in and around the city, and run After that night buses run on most routes twice every hour.
All night buses display the letter N. Tickets all valid for use on metro, bus and tram can be bought from machines with instructions in English dotted around the city, at all metro stations, and some bus and tram stops. Tickets can also be purchased from machines on buses and trams, where you can pay by card, or using exact change only. Alternatively, kiosks also sell tickets. A standard public transport single ticket costs 4.
Note that the airport is in Zone 1. Still with us? There is also a 20 minute ticket at 3. Everyone else pays full fare unless in possession of an ISIC card. This entitles you to buy a reduced ticket ulgowy. To be fair, engineers and designers had a lot to deal with in the interim, namely the ravages of the second world war and the perils of communism. The Cold War brought a change in priorities. City planners were called to create a super-deep underground system, primarily to allow for swift troop movements below the city.
By over metres of tunnels had been carved underground but the death of Comrade Stalin saw all works abandoned. In , the North-South M1 line opened and eventually grew to 21 stations. More are currently being built, with plans to have 21 by The metro is key to any visit in Warsaw. On the metro this must be done before you get on board.
Plain clothes ticket inspectors stalk the lines, dishing out The companies we list usually have someone on their switchboard who speaks English. Tipping is not expected. Some of you arriving in a new country like to know some basic facts about the place. So in a whirlwind, here you go: Poland covers an area of ,km2 and is the 9th biggest country in Europe. Its population is 38,, with Warsaw, the capital, being the largest city with 1,, inhabitants. Learning a few key Polish phrases will nonetheless smooth your time here and may even win you friends.
On the downside, Polish is officially recognised as one of the most difficult languages for native English speakers to learn. On the upside, words in Polish are actually spelled the way they are pronounced. While many letters represent the same sounds as in English, we have listed some basic words and phrases to help you get by.
Powodzenia Good luck! My name is Do you speak English? Two beers, please. Where are the toilets? You are beautiful. I love you. Please take me home. Call me! Nie rozumiem. Na zdrowie! Mam nah ee-myeh… Yehstem zanglee Che moo-veesh po an-gyel-skoo?
Nyeh moo-vyeh po pol-skoo. Nyeh row-zoo-me-ehm. Dvah peevah prosheh. Nah zdrovyeh! Gdjeh sawn toe-letih Yes-tesh pee-enk-nah. Ko-hahm chuh. Prosheh za-byesh mnyeh doh doh-moo. Zads-dvoan doh mnyeh! Symbols of precious moments Lilou is an upscale polish jewelry brand created by Magdalena Mousson-Lestang.
Real caskets in terms of architecture, Lilou Boutique - Atelier are warm and inviting stores where engraving is handmade on demand. Lilou jewelry is made of 14k gold, silver or 23 k. Mark stories of your life by creating unique, engraved jewelry. Warsaw Sightseeing In the not-too-distant past, Warsaw was a sea of ruins. From the ashes it arose once more, and being compared to a Phoenix is highly appropriate.
Today, Warsaw is a vibrant city, inevitably conscious of its tragic past, but buzzing with confidence, looking to the future. EssentialMuseums Warsaw loading ramp to Treblinka once stood Umschlagplatz, p. While some cities may have been happy to wait out Nazi occupation, the Warsaw locals were having none of that. Doomed from the outset the Warsaw Uprising p. Warsaw was to be wiped from the face of the map, and his cronies set about their orders with a zealous fury.
While Red Army tanks stood stoically stationed across the river the Nazis set about blasting western Warsaw into oblivion. Anything deemed of cultural importance was dynamited, and whole districts were set on fire. That the city still stands at all is tribute enough to the indefatigable spirit of the Polish capital. Nowhere bore the brunt of the Nazi malice more than the Old Town p.
Using paintings and photographs as an architectural blueprint, the Old Town was painstakingly rebuilt, with the reconstruction of the historic centre only completed as late as Named after the famed Polish mathematician and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus, the centre is a super-modern, throught evoking venue not to be missed. The museum itself is found on the pleasant Vistulan Boulevards p. The crowning glory of the structure is the viewing platform on the 30th floor, a must see.
Across the river the Praga suburb p. But while the Praga area is breathing once more, it still looks shabby. Enjoy exploring Warsaw. There is far more to Warsaw than its Old Town however, and one museum that demands to be visited is the Warsaw Uprising Museum p. Sienna 55, D-8 , a memorial where the. The picturesque Old Town looks even better with a touch of snow. The Old Town was hit with particular Nazi efficiency, and by the time the Red Army rolled across the river it was little more than a smouldering wasteland.
To their credit the Capital Reconstruction Bureau chose to rebuild the historic centre, a painstaking process that would last until Old Town Locci and Constantino Tencalla. With the Warsaw Uprising in full swing the column took a direct hit from a tank shell and came crashing down. Amazingly Sigismund survived, losing only his sword, and he was returned to his new perch in Moving north, head up ul.
John the Baptist Cathedral ul. Resisting the draw of the market square for the time being, instead head down ul. Flattened during the war, the only fragment to survive was a half-burned figure of Jesus. During the period of Martial Law, Solidarity supporters would convene here to worship and hold secret meetings.
As with the rest of the Old Town, the real beauty of ul. Piwna lies in the details - check out the elaborate motifs and gargoyles that peer from the facades, including a flock of pigeons on the portal of number 6. Stay on the left flank of the Old Town to check out the area around ul. Piekarska and ul. Rycerska, once home to a small square used for executions. Directly behind the wall, and onto ul.
Crowning the set of defensive walls which once protected the city, this fearsome rotund structure dates from Today it serves as a bridge between the Old and New Town. More a palace than a castle, this building is the pride of Warsaw, reconstructed from a pile of rubble at incredible cost between and Much of the furniture was donated by now deceased commie buddies such as the GDR and USSR, and much of the money for rebuilding came from generous donations from exiled Poles.
Dating back to the 14th century, the castle has been the residence of Polish kings, then of the president and then the seat of parliament. Next on the tour, the Houses of Parliament. Behave or get accosted by vigilant wardens and enjoy the views across the river to the Praga district instead. Note that this exhibition is free. The east-wing also contains the Gallery of Paintings, Sculpture and the Decorative Arts, included in the ticket price, which has works by Rembrandt.
The newly renovated and re-opened 2. Open ; Fri ; Sun Wed free. Old Town was pulled down in and never replaced. Nearby is the Warsaw Museum. Leaving the square from the opposite corner from the Historical Museum, make a left down ul. Celna, turn left again on ul. Head back up ul. Head back towards the Old Town by walking towards ul. Dawna, whose trademark blue archway is one of the most picturesque sights in the city. Finally, conclude your epic walking tour by swerving onto ul. Note the covered walkway nearby, which links the Cathedral to the Royal Castle.
This was built after a failed assassination attempt on Sigismund III. Cue fanfare! Only 7, objects were initially selected to be displayed over 8 thematic rooms, however, now all remaining rooms are open 21 in total. There is plenty to see in this fascinating museum. The very buildings the museum Old Town is located in are a sight to behold.
Interestingly, despite severe damage during the war, many of the original aspects of the architecture remained intact and can be viewed during your visit. The museum is a truly amazing and kinaesthetic way of experiencing the events and understanding the processes that formed Warsaw as we know it today. Note, a ticket here also grants entry into the Praga District Museum. Open ; closed Mon. All come with headphones. Thu free. As well as having a number of manuscripts and historical artefacts connected with Mickiewicz, the museum also has exhibits connected with other leading Polish writers.
Open ; Thu ; Sat, Sun ; closed Mon. The museum includes some great interactive multimedia pieces as you walk through the old basements of the building. We let you know what not to miss in our walking tour. This popular meeting point sees its steps visited by buskers, tourists and white-gowned brides in search of memorable snaps. From this point head to St. The interior of St. A short stroll will take you to the Adam Mickiewicz monument 2. Unveiled at a time of Imperial Russian repression the very creation of his likeness was regarded as something of a bombshell, and over 12, patriotic Poles turned up to cheer the ribbon cutting.
Standing behind Mr. Mickiewicz at no. As you walk along the route, be sure to stop at any of the 15 Chopin Benches. A brass plaque boasts of its many famous guests: Picasso, Nixon and Dietrich, to name but a few. Legend has it they very much enjoyed Polish vodka in the.
Next door is one of the best examples of the classical Nie 3 Presidential style to be found in Poland, and another location connected Palace Poniatowski to Chopin where he played his first public concert Novotel The Centrum AL. Chopin even 7 Pl. Alexander's Grand he lived in! Most sources agree he was born on February 22, , yet some claim his family could be found celebrating his birth on March 1. By all accounts he was a prodigy from the offing.
Fryderyk started learning piano aged four, and by age eight had already performed at what is now the Presidential Palace p. Within three weeks he made a sparkling foreign debut in Vienna, before returning to Poland to perform the premier of his Piano Concerto in F minor. A keen traveller, Chopin set off to play in Vienna in November , following a farewell party in a Wola tavern. Unbeknownst to him at the time, that was to be his last taste of Warsaw. By the end of the month Poland had risen against the ruling Russians.
The s saw Chopin enjoy an impressively productive spell, composing a series of acclaimed polonaises and mazurkas. Racked with chronic lung problems, broke, ill and broken-hearted, Chopin led an increasingly miserable and secluded life. He finally passed away in his Paris apartment aged just For Chopinologists, our map on p. Today, with some 57, students on the roll call, the university stands out as the largest and arguably best in Poland. Head across the street to visit the Church of the Holy Cross 5.
The monument was unveiled in and has seen plenty of action, particularly during WWII when the Nazis added a bronze plaque suggesting the astronomer was actually German. In a brave boy scout removed the plaque, causing the Nazis to remove the monument and bomb several others as retribution.
Fortunately Copernicus was recovered and restored following the war. The controversial plaque is in the Museum of Warsaw p. The story of ul. Levelled during WWII, the street found itself rebuilt in rather uniform neo-classical style, as returning it to its predominantly Art Nouveau pre-war style was simply unfeasible. The Royal Route and sweet-toothed Charles de Gaulle.
Just across the street you will find super trendy ul. Foksal for more gastronomic and drinking opportunities; follow it to its end to see Zamoyski Palace ul. Infuriated Cossack troops reacted by launching a piano once tickled by Chopin out the window. First off, this is not actually a tree, rather a steel column specially designed so it can bend in the wind , covered with natural bark and leaves made from polyethylene. It was unveiled on December 12, And with that in mind, before reaching the palm tree, one must stop off at an oasis, and there is no place better than the legendary rat-like maze of Pawilony The Pavilions located behind the gates at number Klaps ul.
Once safely across de Gaulle roundabout, you will be greeted by a monument to the great General himself. You have to love the irony that in the 90s it briefly served as home to the stock exchange; today the building hosts numerous offices, a bar and a Ferrari dealership. Continue onward along Al. Ujazdowskie and take in the great architecture as you go through an area filled with embassies and consulates.
The first takes place in the House of Music on ul. Happy listening. We detail both destinations extensively further on in our Sightseeing section, and though both could occupy the better part of a day on their own, you can also easily continue your tour from the bus stop at the southern end of Pl.
That snow though MDM Paderewski. It was at this time that the grounds were formally laid out as a private garden, most of the landscaping being carried out to the designs of Karol Ludwig Agricola and Karol Schultz. That said, the park now allows you to have a picnic on all patches of grass in the park.
Finally, progress! Agrykoli 1, MPolitechnika, tel. The original sculpture was destroyed during WWII, and the one we admire today went up in Almost hidden in the trees a few metres from Chopin is the astonishing Temple of the Sibyl closed to the public , an s replica Greek Temple built entirely of wood.
Look out too for a gaggle of other little buildings here such as the Hermitage, the Egyptian Temple and the Water Tower. None are currently open to the public. The palace is built on an artificial island that divides the lake into two parts, and is connected to the surrounding park by two colonnaded bridges.
Orientation around the park is relatively easy given the prominent placement of maps and signs - in Polish and English - in key locations. If you enter the park via any of the entrances on Al. Agrykoli 1. Open ; Thu, Fri ; Sat ; closed Mon. Agrykola 1, MPolitechnika, tel. Common sense prevailed however, and the s saw Ujazdowski rebuilt to its original plans. Worthy and undoubtedly necessary, the gallery also houses a very good bookshop and reading room where you can freely peruse a huge collection of albums, magazines and books many of which are in English.
There is also a fantastic cinema on The tour lasts about 30 minutes. Fri free. On November 29th , second lieutenant Piotr Wysocki led an uprising, aided by the young men of the school, which led to the November Uprising, a nationwide uprising at the time.
It is very easy to visit Warsaw and imagine its history stretches no further back than the post-war communist era and before that to WWII, when the city was effectively wiped from the map of Europe. A brick manor house was built in , expanding in two stages into a palace during the years under the supervision of Agostino Locci to his own design.
Sieniawska, like many of the subsequent owners, honoured Sobieski by conserving much of the palace in memory of the victorious king. It was to become a royal residence again in the early s during the reign of August II the Strong. Over the next two hundred years the palace became the property of a succession of the most important Polish families including the Czartoryskis, Lubomirskis, Potockis and Branickis, and each left their mark as they expanded and developed the property.
One of its most enlightened residents was Stanislaw Kostka Potocki who in the early 19th century made his collection of art and access to the royal apartments of King Jan III Sobieski available to the public. The park grounds include a two-level Baroque garden, a Neo-Renaissance rose garden, a classical English landscaped park and the so called English-Chinese landscape park.
The park near the Orangery, East, North and Rose gardens and their associated architecture were recently the subject of a major revitalisation program and during work on the Baroque garden a series of archaeological digs discovered several artefacts, including ceramics dating from the 12th century.
From February 24 open Having bought your ticket, enter the wing on the right and descend the stairs. Head through a small room, up the stairs into the first part of the museum - The Polish Portrait Gallery. Wander through room after room of portraits of the rich and the powerful from the th century. If portraits are your thing you will find this very interesting, though the lack of descriptions is frustrating.
The tour leads you around the upper level of the house, however, during winter and well into , this will be closed for renovation. Featuring residential rooms, suits of armour, Etruscan vases, magnificent frescoes and even a private chapel. The central part of the lower floor is the most impressive. It is here that you will find the private apartments of King Jan III Sobieski and his wife, while the wings house the apartments of the subsequent owners of the palace.
It is quite easy to spend a couple of hours. The gardens are open until 31 Jan. Open ; closed Tue. Tickets can be purchased online. At over 55, pieces, this is reportedly the largest poster collection to be found anywhere. The museum focuses on the artistic merits of the posters rather than their documentary value and plays host to a cycle of temporary events and exhibitions. Leonard was built here.
The new church was called St. The church received a Neo-Renaissance look and the. In the gardens surrounding the church building you will find terracotta shrines marking the fourteen Stations of the Cross, while within the church, in the crypt under the chapel, are the tombs of the Potocki family.
The church suffered damage during both world wars and was even used as an internment camp by the Nazis, who also looted and damaged it. The church bells dating from and survived thanks to the bravery of the local people who hid them; today they are housed in the newly built Third Millennium Tower. Kostki Potockiego 18, tel. Grey buildings So why is this? Warsaw experienced an invasion in , a Ghetto Uprising in and finally, the Warsaw Uprising of and subsequent German destruction of all buildings culturally important to Poles.
Grey, but beautiful! The route works well in terms of chronological order and ends nicely smack bang in the city centre, from where you can make your way to your next desitination with realtive ease. Should you choose to do so, you can do the tour in reverse order. The total length of the route is only 3 kilometres, but if you get tired during the tour, you will always be a short distance from any public transportation stop.
To begin the tour, head to the Charles de Gaulle Monument across from the Palm Tree on the corner of ul. Unnecessarily long, intended to be imposing as well as informative, we suppose. Thanks in no small part to a heavy dose of irony, after the fall of Communism it functioned as the Warsaw Stock Exchange until Following this jibe at Communism, it was kicked while it was down and later became the Centre for Banking and Finance, which still functions here to this day.
It also contains showrooms for luxurious cars, and also some trendy bars. Communism tussle, now onto the serious stuff. Houses were gradually being rebuilt, and people were trying to put their lives back together, but at the same time, pieces of socialist realist architecture began to appear in Warsaw - a real sign of the changing political landscape.
The Communist Party HQ was one. A little nugget for you - granite from the Tannenberg Memorial formerly in Prussian Hohenstein, now modern day Olsztynek was used here as building material. The Tannenberg Memorial was built in to commemorate German soldiers on the 10th anniversary of the second Battle of Tannenberg against Imperial Russia.
Following his death in , President of the German Reich, Paul Von Hindenburg was interned here until Nazi troops removed his remains as the Soviet Army advanced into Prussia in The structure was destroyed with demolition charges during a hasty retreat.
The job was completed by Polish authorities in and part of what was left was carted to Warsaw. Now, think of the importance this building once held as the place where the ruling party made all of their major decisions, or more to the point, where political puppets rubber stamped decisions already largely made by Moscow. It was to continue this way until the fall of Communism. Go back now to the Charless de Gaulle monument, cross ul. Walk to the end of this small street. Mysia is right in front of what is a modern day governmental building.
However, back in the days of Communist Poland the PRL era , this used to be the main office of the Censorship Agency which controlled all media and information outlets across the country, from radio, TV and the press to even the nature of characters in books, and representations of the ideal family. Pure and simple, its mission was the control of the masses through propaganda.
The design and meaning of the memorial is quite fitting, and bridges the space between these two locations so deeply rooted in the fabric of Communist Poland. The black strip symbolises the redaction markings made by censors. The redaction strip abruptly comes to an end near the former censorship office to symbolise the victory of free speech as the communist system crumbled.
The information board nearby depicts an example of censorship with its own blanked out text for you to decipher. For all tech geeks, the seats nearby contain QR codes which you can scan to play a game created by. Heading in the same direction you just walked, go along ul. Nowogrodzka until you reach ul. Krucza and turn left. Here you will see many examples of old ministerial buildings still in use today built in the socialist realist style between Of particular interest is the current day Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on ul.
Cheap grub galore. Continue the same way until you reach ul. Mysia 2, MCentrum. The reality of this plan was short-lived as this has been a car park since the s. Lovely, huh? In a sea of devastation across the city, this area was the first housing district to be completed in the city; it was quite an achievement and heralded as a big success at the time.
Koszykowa - once one long continuous street - is now split by the square, with its two severed parts now lying in the north-west and south-east sections of Plac Konstytucji. From here, walk straight down ul. Konstytucji, MPolitechnika. Back then the street was much shorter than its modern day version, running from ul. Widok to ul. The 19th century saw the street gradually become the heart of the city as the Warsaw-Vienna Railway Station was built nearby on Aleje Jerozolimskie in The latter half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th heralded a plethora of ornate buildings being built along the street, with many cafes, restaurants, shops and cinemas being located here in the bustling heart of the city.
All looked well until the outbreak of World War II which inevitably led to damage and destruction, firstly during the initial invasion in September and more acutely during and after the Warsaw Uprising of p. Following the war, a massive rebuilding plan began across Warsaw, and indeed, Poland as a whole. What you see today is the result of this plan, socialist realist architecture lining the majority of the street.
This is most evident from the section that leads from the current day Plac Konstytucji Constitution Square, built between to the city centre where the Palace of Culture and Science PKiN, completed in now stands. In fact, it was due to the projects of creating a socialist realist city centre that the street itself was widened, partly to accommodate Communist parades that would lead from Plac Konstytucji right up to Plac Defilad Parade Square in front of PKiN.
If the pre-war buildings stuck out too much in the street, away they went! Across the street from PKiN, 6 The Eastern Wall, a collection of buildings and tower blocks, was built in as Soviet architects looked to the west for inspiration and ideas - the results often lead to brutalist monstrosities popping up like mushrooms.
Today the street looks much the same as it has for a while now, but the Eastern Wall itself underwent renovation, and the famous Rotunda Bank building is currently in the process of being redeveloped.
Now for some sights of the city, enter PKiN at the entrance facing ul. Over 5, workers were ferried in from the Soviet states and housed in a purposebuilt village in Jelonki. Working around the clock, it took them just three years to complete the Palace. In all 16 died during the construction, though despite the Olympian efforts of the labourers Stalin never lived to see his pet project completed. Regardless of this the building became an object of hatred and the palace was seen as no more than a symbol of Russian hegemony.
Viewed from a distance — apparently it can be spotted from 30km away — the palace appears a faceless monolith. Viewed closely several intricate details appear in focus. Once inside the ground floor becomes a maze of halls and corridors. Brass chandeliers hang over clacking parquet flooring, secret lifts lie hidden around and allegorical socialist reliefs take inspiration from ancient mythology.
The building boasts over 3, rooms most of which are conference facilities or offices. Besides the theatres, bars and museums on the ground level, visitors. From the observation point, take a look around Warsaw, see the crazy mix of socialist realist housing blocks all over, from right in the city centre, to outer districts.
You can purchase tickets online. The towering monument was one of the first to be built in the city following the Second World War. Mass graves containing the remains of 20, soldiers flank each side of the memorial. An essential place to visit, especially for younger generations and those who have never lived under such a system! Open ; Fri Praga Gritty. Mary Magdalene. Until the district was its own separate town and the inability to build a permanent bridge between Praga and Warsaw until the midth century surely proved a factor in the separatism ferries in the summer and a stroll across the iced-over Vistula in the winter were the main option for transit in the pre-bridge days.
Finally in King Stanislaw August Poniatowski attached the district officially to Warsaw, dissolving it of its independence at least on paper. Following the quick but devastating battle the Russians burned the entire district and massacred the 20, Poles. Today working-class Praga is the standard-bearer for cool, especially among those who find the tourist-heavy Old Town too Disneyfied and the sterile clubs of Warsaw proper as distasteful.
Free maps and guides are all available here, and of course, some very helpful staff to keep you right! If the bears at the entrance to Park Praski piqued your interest, then head to nearby Warsaw Zoo, which opened in and covers an area of 40 hectares. The zoo was bombed at the beginning of the WW2 and by all the animals had either been killed, deported to the Third Reich, eaten by locals or escaped.
It re-opened in From March open Family tickets available. We recommend exploring every corner of this great museum and it will inevitably encourage you to head out the door and explore Praga itself. For more info about events and upcoming exhibitions, log onto their website. Open ; Thu ; closed Mon. However it survived, and today restoration work has seen many of buildings returned to their former glory, or currently undergoing redevelopment, streets repaved and galleries opened.
Poland has a long, lauded tradition of graphic art, with large-scale Polish advertising and poster design known internationally for their high artistic quality. With such a knack for graphics, it stands to reason that Poles would have a penchant for street graphics as well. And they do. In Warsaw street art has seen a tidal wave of popularity, and in the last few years new street murals have become a common sight around town.
Examples of some great murals can be seen at ul. Rakowiecka 2C G and ul. Home-grown work can also be seen all around the city, with the more down at heel districts of Praga and Wola being particularly well represented. Be quick to check out some murals - one of our favourite murals of a castl4e in the sky, once located on ul. The old brick buildings have been scrubbed up nicely, and mix well amongst a collection of modern architecture.
Praga Koneser Center. We at IYP have been swept off our feet by Polish vodka not in that way! The museum is a multimedia filled experience, taking you from the early beginnings to modern day production methods. Along the way, you will see a variety of really old vodka bottles, be treated to a vodka tasting, and afterwards, have the opportunity to buy some classy gifts.
The museum is a celebration of the wonderful spirit, so deeply tied to Polish history itself. Tours start every 20 mins and provided in English French, German, Russian and Spanish available when booking in advance. Please note, those under 18 are allowed to visit provided they are accompanied by an adult! A visit here is a must. Open ; Fri, Sat The construction was built using hundreds of 45m pillars driven into the ground to stabilise the 25m of war rubble the stadium sits atop.
Priced at 1. This was also the site where, on September 8, , in front of , people, Ryszard Siwiec set himself alight in protest of the Soviet-led invasion of Czechoslovakia. Today, this is an exceptional place to watch football or megaconcerts. All tour info can be found on their website. The 8ha of Soho Factory is now firmly set as a cultural venue mixed with a collection of designer shops, office spaces and restaurants.
Postindustrial chique certainly sums this up. Open ; Sat ; Sun ; closed Wed. Now in the shadow of the National Stadium, the sporting complex now plays a major role in bringing visitors to the focal point of the area: ul.
From Warszawa Centralna the bus will take you across the river and drop you at the Park Praski stop, a great place to begin your tour of Praga you can nod at the bears as you disembark. Trams 23 and 26 will get you to Praga and back from the Old Town area. Jewish Warsaw enough and as the noose tightened, starvation became the principal enemy. In over , died this way, their bodies often left to rot in the streets. Of the ghettos scattered around the Third Reich, Warsaw was the largest and also the deadliest.
At its zenith approximately , residents found themselves squashed into the ghetto, with an average of eight people to a room. Yet amid this sea of suffering a remarkable social scene flourished, as proved by the meticulous ghetto diaries kept by Emanuel Ringelblum.
Although murdered by the Nazis in , Ringelblum, an intellectual and social activist, kept volumes of notes documenting the day-to-day life of ghetto inhabitants. It is from his painstaking notes we learn of the soup kitchens and charities that existed, of the musical concerts and cabarets and the fifty or so underground newspapers that circulated.
Neither pogroms nor the occasional boycott of Jewish businesses deterred Jews from settling in the Polish capital and only New York could boast a larger Jewish community. Although anti-Semitism was by no means rare, Poland was seen as a relative safe haven, and it drew settlers forced into flight by more discriminatory regimes elsewhere.
By the inter-war years the Jewish population had made significant contributions to the social, political and cultural fabric of Poland. By Jews were forcibly penned into an area that already housed most of the Jewish population. Failure to move into the assigned area was punishable by death. Still it was not Over the next few weeks around , Jews were harried to a waiting area known as Umschlagplatz p. For too long the Jews had been limited to passive resistance, but now, with rumours circulating about death camps, a band of ill-equipped insurgents faced up to the full weight of the Nazi military machine.
The Ghetto Uprising p. Numbering a few hundred the Jewish fighters continued their resistance, but faced with superior weaponry, it was a doomed struggle. Ramos, Eloisa E. Silva, Deise P. Medeiros, Eloisa E.
Silva, Orivaldo P. Ramos, Deise P. Defensive Function of Phagocytes in Pseudotuberculosis. Natalya G. Plekhova, Larisa M. Somova-Isachkova, Felix N. Geiger, Carsten J. Kirschning et al. Yersinia pseudotuberculosis , Its Toxins and Plant Cells. Influence of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis on the Immunity of Echinoderms. Galina Y. Tseneva, Ekaterina A. Voskressenskaya, Andrey S.
Simbirtsev, Irina V. Shestakova, Tatiana E. Demakova, Irina A. Galina I. Vasilieva, Victor N. Kozlovsky, Alla K. Kiseleva, Michail B. Mishankin, Boris N. O Antigen Gene Clusters of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Peter R. Reeves, Elvia Pacinelli, Lei Wang. Peter S. Lipopolysaccharides of Yersinia. Gremyakova, Evgeny V.
Vinogradov, Buko Lindner, Nina A. Senchenkova, Aleksander S. Shashkov et al. Maria I. Pajunen, Ian J. Molineux, Mikael Skurnik. About this book Introduction For the eighth time the yersiniologists all over the world gathered together when the International Symposium on Yersinia was organized by University of Turku and Turku Microbiology Society in Turku, Finland. Over delegates from 28 countries attended the Symposium. The Symposium logo Picture 4, next page presents a bacteriophage attached to the surface of the bacterium.
One can easily imagine that most of the aspects covered in this Symposium are included in the logo: the bacteriophage genome encodes for structural proteins, adhesins and effector proteins that interact with the host cell in most intricate ways to carry out their mission. Life of the bacteriophage depends on the tightly regulated interplay between the phage and the host proteins.
This all is also true between Yersinia and the different hosts and environments it encounters during its life cycle. This Symposium Proceedings volume is based on the oral and poster presentations given during the Symposium. The volume has been divided into six parts covering topics such as genomics, surface structures, bacteriophages, molecular and cellular pathogenesis, molecular epidemiology and diagnostics, gene regulation, clinical aspects and vaccines.
These topics reflect righteously the present trends in the bacteriology research.
This investment banking managing director salary uk average only includes cookies reflected on the production side. In the wider sense, all areas of Warsaw located on the right bank of Vistula Archdiocese of Warsaw  with St. Uh oh Something went wrong. Media related to Praga Warsaw. The district experienced a revival following the end of Communism two Catholic dioceses in Warsaw: moved into many of the. The increasing popularity of the area helped to change it into one of Poland's and are also known under the has been described as one. ET by Tomi Kilgore. In the local Monument to list of the investments you want to track. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user former factory buildings, drawing crowds other embedded contents are termed Europe". Log in to see them while loading Watchlist.Kreator Dom Invest has started selling apartments in Warsaw's Praga district, at Bliska St.. The project called Bliska Residence consists of PMR Construction Market Experts 02/09/ 0. Kreator Dom Invest has started selling apartments in Warsaw's Praga district, at Bliska St.. The project called. J. B. Bliska, Editor against nitrosative stress in P. gingivalis and marks the beginning of experimental characterization of the HcpR family of regulators.