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Industrial designs registrations reached 2, in down 8 percent from In total, IP Vietnam granted more than 40, protection titles for industrial property, out of more than 75, applications in up 41 percent from The most infringed-upon products were clothes, consumer goods, electronics, foodstuffs, fertilizers, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, construction materials, and bicycle and automobile parts. The Copyright Office of Vietnam received and settled 15 copyright petitions and five requests for copyright assessment in For more information, please see the following reports from the U.
Trade Representative:. The Vietnamese government generally encourages foreign portfolio investment. The country has two stock markets — the Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange, which lists publicly traded companies, and the Hanoi Stock Exchange, which lists bonds and derivatives.
Although Vietnam welcomes portfolio investment, the country sometimes has difficulty in attracting such investment. However, exogenous events may make this difficult: in the first quarter of , foreign investors withdrew USD million in portfolio assets from Vietnam due to the COVID pandemic.
There is enough liquidity in the markets to enter and maintain sizable positions. Bond market capitalization reached over USD 50 billion in , the majority of which were government bonds, largely held by domestic commercial banks. Local banks generally allocate credit on market terms, but the banking sector is not as sophisticated or capitalized as those in advanced economies.
Foreign investors can acquire credit in the local market, but both foreign and domestic firms often seek foreign financing since Vietnamese banks do not have sufficient capital at appropriate interest rate levels for a significant number of FDI projects. Mission in Vietnam did not find any evidence that a Vietnamese bank had lost a correspondent banking relationship in the past three years; there is also no evidence that a correspondent banking relationship is currently in jeopardy.
There are no legal restrictions on foreign investors converting and repatriating earnings or investment capital from Vietnam. A foreign investor can convert and repatriate earnings provided the investor has the supporting documents required by law and has applied to remit money. The SBV sets the interbank lending rate and announces a daily interbank reference exchange rate. The Vietnamese government generally keeps the exchange rate at a stable level compared to major world currencies.
Vietnam mandates that in-country transactions must be made in the local currency — Vietnamese dong VND. The government allows foreign businesses to remit lawful profits, capital contributions, and other legal investment earnings via authorized institutions that handle foreign currency transactions.
SBV also requires foreign investors to submit notification of profit remittance abroad to tax authorities at least seven working days prior to the remittance; otherwise there is no waiting period to remit an investment return. The inflow of foreign currency into Vietnam is less constrained. There are no recent changes or plans to change investment remittance policies that either tighten or relax access to foreign exchange for investment remittances.
SOEs do not operate on a level playing field with domestic companies and continue to benefit from preferential access to resources such as land, capital, and political largesse. Vietnam officially started privatizing SOEs in The process has been slow because privatization has historically transferred only a small share of an SOE two to three percent to the private sector, and investors have had concerns about the financial health of many companies.
Additionally, the government has inadequate regulations with respect to privatization procedures. Companies are required to publish their corporate social responsibility activities, corporate governance work, information of related parties and transactions, and compensation of management. Companies must also announce extraordinary circumstances, such as changes to management, dissolution, or establishment of subsidiaries, within 36 hours of the event.
Most multinational companies implement Corporate Social Responsibility CSR programs that contribute to improving the business environment in Vietnam, and awareness of CSR programs is increasing among large domestic companies. AmCham also has a CSR group that organizes events and activities to raise awareness of social issues. Overall, the government has not defined responsible business conduct RBC , nor has it established a national plan or agenda for RBC.
The government has yet to establish a national point of contact or ombudsman for stakeholders to get information or raise concerns regarding RBC. The new Labor Code passed in December recognizes the right of employees to establish their own representative organizations. Vietnam has laws to combat corruption by public officials, and they extend to all citizens. Corruption is due, in large part, to low levels of transparency, accountability, and media freedom, as well as poor remuneration for government officials and inadequate systems for holding officials accountable.
Competition among agencies for control over businesses and investments has created overlapping jurisdictions and bureaucratic procedures that, in turn, create opportunities for corruption. The government has tasked various agencies to deal with corruption, including the Central Steering Committee for Anti-Corruption chaired by the Communist Party of Vietnam General Secretary Nguyen , the Government Inspectorate, and line ministries and agencies. The National Assembly provides oversight on the operations of government ministries.
Civil society organizations have encouraged the government to establish a single independent agency with oversight and enforcement authority to ensure enforcement of anti-corruption laws. Vietnam is a unitary single-party state, and its political and security environment is largely stable. Protests and civil unrest are rare, though there are occasional demonstrations against perceived or real social, environmental, labor, and political injustices.
In August , online commentators expressed outrage over the slow government response to an industrial fire in Hanoi that released unknown amounts of mercury. Other localized protests in and early broke out over alleged illegal dumping in waterways and on public land, and the perceived government attempts to cover up potential risks to local communities.
Protests continued into in multiple cities until security forces largely suppressed the unrest. Many activists who helped organize or document these protests were subsequently arrested and imprisoned. The Labor Code passed in December will come into effect on January 1, In particular, the EVFTA requires Vietnam to publish a timeline for ratifying the two remaining core International Labor Organization ILO conventions: Convention abolition of forced labor in ; and Convention 87 freedom of association and protection of the right to organize in Even with new momentum on labor issues, enactment of legal and regulatory changes to improve working conditions in Vietnam will still take years to fully develop and implement.
The labor force is relatively young, with workers years of age accounting for half of the total labor force. Estimates on the size of the informal economy differ widely. An employer is permitted to lay off employees due to technological changes, organizational changes in cases of a merger, consolidation, or cessation of operation of one or more departments , or when the employer faces economic difficulties. There are no waivers on labor requirements to attract foreign investment.
In March and April , the Vietnamese government passed measures, including cash payments and supplemental cash for companies, to help pay salaries for workers and offer unemployment insurance. The constitution affords the right of association and the right to demonstrate. The Labor Code, that will come into effect on January 1, , allows workers to establish and join independent unions of their choice.
However, the relevant governmental agencies are still drafting the implementing decrees on procedures to establish and join independent unions, and to determine the level of autonomy independent unions will have in administering their affairs. Vietnam has been a member of the ILO since , and has ratified six of the core ILO labor conventions Conventions and on discrimination, Conventions and on child labor, Convention 29 on forced labor, and Convention 98 on rights to organize and collective bargaining.
While the constitution and law prohibit forced or compulsory labor, Vietnam has not ratified Convention on forced labor as a means of political coercion and discrimination and Convention 87 on freedom of association and protection of the rights to organize, although the government states it is currently taking steps toward ratification. CEO Boehler noted that the DFC hopes to make a multibillion-dollar commitment to Vietnam in the coming years, with investments in energy, healthcare, education, and small businesses.
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Limits on Foreign Control and Right to Private Ownership and Establishment Both foreign and domestic private entities have the right to establish and own business enterprises in Vietnam and engage in most forms of legal remunerative activity. On February 1, , Vietnam issued a decree that simplifies procedures for FDI related to vocational training; On May 13, , the State Bank of Vietnam SBV issued a Circular that allows foreign investors to pay for investment collateral in foreign currencies in certain defined circumstances.
Outward Investment The government does not have a clear mechanism to promote or incentivize outward investment, nor does it have regulations restricting domestic investors from investing abroad. Bilateral Investment and Taxation Treaties Vietnam has trading relationships with more than countries, has 66 bilateral investment treaties, and is party to 26 treaties with investment provisions.
International Regulatory Considerations Vietnam is a member of ASEAN, a member regional organization working to advance economic integration through cooperation in economic, social, cultural, technical, scientific and administrative fields.
Laws and Regulations on Foreign Direct Investment The legal system includes provisions to promote foreign investment. Investor-State Dispute Settlement Vietnam has signed 66 bilateral investment treaties, is party to 26 treaties with investment provisions, and is a member of 12 free trade agreements in force. Bankruptcy Regulations Based on the Bankruptcy Law, bankruptcy is not criminalized unless it relates to another crime.
Industrial Policies Investment Incentives Foreign investors are exempt from import duties on goods imported for their own use that cannot be procured locally, including machinery; vehicles; components and spare parts for machinery and equipment; raw materials; inputs for manufacturing; and construction materials. Performance and Data Localization Requirements Vietnamese law states that employers can only recruit foreign nationals for high-skilled positions such as manager, managing director, expert, or technical worker.
Protection of Property Rights Real Property The State collectively owns and manages all land in Vietnam, and therefore neither foreigners nor Vietnamese nationals can own land. Intellectual Property Rights Vietnam does not have a strong record on protecting and enforcing intellectual property IP.
Foreign Exchange and Remittances Foreign Exchange There are no legal restrictions on foreign investors converting and repatriating earnings or investment capital from Vietnam. Remittance Policies Vietnam mandates that in-country transactions must be made in the local currency — Vietnamese dong VND.
Responsible Business Conduct Companies are required to publish their corporate social responsibility activities, corporate governance work, information of related parties and transactions, and compensation of management. Corruption Vietnam has laws to combat corruption by public officials, and they extend to all citizens.
Resource to Report Corruption Contact at government agency responsible for combating corruption: Mr. Political and Security Environment Vietnam is a unitary single-party state, and its political and security environment is largely stable. Back to Top. Website Address. USG or international statistical source.
Foreign Direct Investment. Portfolio Investment Assets. Equity Securities. Total Debt Securities. Or learn more about the Calendar API for direct access. News Stream. FDI into Indonesia Drops 6. China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan were among the top sources of investment, with power, gas and water, base metals and transportation, warehousing and telecommunications were among the sectors taking beneficiaries.
In total, the board recorded IDR FDI into Indonesia Plunges 9. China, Hong Kong, Singapore and Japan were among the top sources of investment, with base metal, transportation and warehouse, utilities, and telecommunication were among the sectors taking beneficiaries. For this year, the country's investment board targets to attract IDR trillion of investment, around 55 percent of which should be from foreign companies.
China, Hong Kong and Singapore were the top sources of investment, while base metal, utilities and mining sectors were the biggest beneficiaries. For the whole of , there was IDR Singapore and China were the biggest sources of FDI, with utilities, warehousing, transport, communication and base metals receiving the largest amounts.
The Investment Coordinating Board's target for is to attract IDR trillion of investment, around 55 percent of which would be from foreign companies. Indonesia Foreign Direct Investment. In Indonesia, Foreign Direct Investment refers to the flows of the foreign direct investments received from abroad. The FDI data does not include investment in banking and oil and gas sectors. Compare Foreign Direct Investment by Country. Indonesia Unexpectedly Trims Interest Rates.
Indonesia Trade Surplus Largest Since Indonesia Economy Enters Recession in Q3. Indonesia Tourist Arrivals Slump in September. Indonesia Inflation Rate Little-Changed at 1. France Business Confidence Remains Low. Calendar Forecast Indicators News.
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Compare Foreign Direct Investment by Country. Philadelphia Manufacturing Growth Slows in November. France Business Confidence Remains Low. Calendar Forecast Indicators News. More Indicators. Write for Us. Publish your articles and forecasts in our website. Get recognition from our millions of users. Current Prices, NSA. Balance of Trade. Current Account. Current Account to GDP. External Debt. Terms of Trade. Capital Flows. Foreign Direct Investment.
Net Long Term Tic Flows. Gold Reserves. Crude Oil Production. According to him, many of the measures are seen as being either direct or indirect support to new and existing investors. The initiatives and incentives under Budget also facilitate greater access to financing, SME development, driving the acceleration of digital adoption and automation and enhancing the human capital via reskilling and upskilling.
Other measures welcomed by the manufacturers are the RM3. Soh told StarBiz that the measures targeted to micro businesses and SMEs alone across the manufacturing and other sectors amounted to RM Protecting lives and livelihood during the pandemic.
Budget vital to boost investment sentiment. Economy Thursday, 12 Nov Related News. Nation 22h ago Put differences aside, pass Budget for Malaysia's sake. Letters 17h ago Budget Key tax takeaways. Domestic participation Of these, domestic direct investment DDI in the manufacturing sector saw a leap of Access to financing The initiatives and incentives under Budget also facilitate greater access to financing, SME development, driving the acceleration of digital adoption and automation and enhancing the human capital via reskilling and upskilling.
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