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In he received the appointment of United States District Attorney. At the expiration of his term of service in this capacity in , owing to failing health, he removed to Eastern Washington Territory, and there engaged in the stock business until , when he moved to The Dalles, and, in partnership with Hon.

Dunbar, resumed the practice of law. In he was elected Presidential Elector on the Republican ticket and was a participant in the memorable Electoral College of that year, when poor Cronin - peace to his ashes - was so prominent a factor, and when Oregon's vote elected President Hayes. In May, , he received his present appointment. Cartwright is a gentleman who is highly esteemed by all who know him and is regarded as a man of sterling integrity.

He is tall and spare built, smooth face, save the mustache, sharp features, clear peaceful eye, and black hair. He is a warm personal friend and one that never forgets a favor. He is courteous, genial and generous. As a public officer, he is attentive and obliging and in every way efficient.

Helm, of the M. Team] Cates, Daniel L. Conscientious and efficient, Daniel L. Cates has thoroughly demonstrated his worth as a public servant and for eleven years has been city recorder of The Dalles. He is a loyal Oregonian and a member of one of the honored, pioneer families of the state.

The following account of his career was written by Fred Lockley and published in the Oregon Journal under date of November 29, 'I was born in a log cabin on the Long Tom, near Starr's Point, in Benton county, May 7, ,' said Mr. His father's name was Alexander Cates. His mother's maiden name was Nancy Phipps and she was also a Kentuckian.

My father left the Blue Grass state in , when he was nineteen years of age, and went to Missouri with an uncle, John Newton. She was a daughter of Daniel Grice, who went from that state to Kentucky and later located in Linn county, Missouri. Father and his brother-in-law, Daniel Grice, built houses. In those days all lumber, including the flooring, was dressed by hand. Father had taken up a place in Linn county and in addition to working at his trade, raised corn and tobacco. Flournoy and his relatives.

They took the usual emigrant route during the first part of the trip and went by way of the cut-off to Fort Hall. The Nemaha river was crossed on rafts built by members of the party and at Salt creek they were detained for two days. There were few accidents on the trip, though in the early part of it an exciting incident occurred in the Pawnee country.

One morning a man came riding toward them at top speed on a fine grey horse and warned them of Indians who had attacked a train in advance of them. Three parties of emigrants had left Missouri at about the same time, the Flournoy train, the one attacked by Indians and what was called the Ohio train. The last consisted of forty men without a woman or child among them.

There were two Indians in sight in an elevated position, signaling to the band that led in the attack and informing them of the movements of the whites. The Ohio train rushed in from the rear on horseback and soon reached the Indians. The wagons of the Flournoy train were placed in a double row and the party advanced as rapidly as possible. After robbing the women of their jewelry and taking as much food and clothing as they could lay hands on, the Indians escaped and no one was injured.

The Flournoy train followed the route to the crossing of the Portneuf, which runs into the Snake river, and then traveled to the south, crossing the Raft river. As they followed its course they came to that remarkable creation of nature, the Thousand Spring valley, containing those famous soda springs which vary in temperature from boiling hot to ice cold and which cover an area of several square miles.

Proceeding through what was afterwards called the Landers cut-off, they came out on the Green river and followed its course to St. Mary's river. After passing the three Humboldt lakes they 1 were warned by a note tacked up by the roadside of danger from Indians. Two men had been killed and a little farther on the body of an Indian was found lying in the road. At the foot of the last lake two roads separate, one leading to the Carson river and the other to the Truckee river.

The party followed the Truckee road and about September 17, , camped where the Donner party endured their sufferings and where some met their tragic deaths in They could see plainly where the trees had been cut down and limbs cut off of others ten or twelve feet above the ground, showing how deep the snow must have been when they camped on it.

Later he took up a claim on Poor Man creek, finding dirt which paid him thirty dollars a day with pick and pan. After working the claim for a month the heavy snow drove him out and he went back to Nevada City, where he spent the winter. Next spring he found a claim from which.

In company with three other miners he engaged in prospecting on Kanaha creek. They struck a claim where they took out fifty dollars a day. As soon as their grub was gone they went back to Nevada City and brought out twelve hundred pounds of supplies on seven pack horses. They found their claim had been jumped, so they struck out down the creek and struck another claim even richer than the first.

On July 4, , the four of them took out over six hundred dollars. They averaged about one hundred dollars a day. My father's partners became dissatisfied and thought they could find a richer ground, so he bought them out and worked the claim until late in the fall of Downieville, the nearest post office, was twelve miles distant by mountain trail.

He worked on a hotel and was paid ten dollars a day. After the hotel was built he went to Sacramento and from there to San Francisco, where he bought a ticket for Panama. He had to pay sixteen dollars for the use of a mule to ride twenty-six miles across the isthmus to connect with a boat. After he had ridden about two-thirds of the way he overtook a miner, who offered him eight dollars for the use of the mule for the remaining eight miles, so father walked the rest of the way.

He had to pay a fare of ten dollars on a rowboat which took him to the Atlantic side of the isthmus. The natives were having a revolution and told the Californians to keep off the streets so they wouldn't get hurt. However, the Americans wanted to see what was going on, so one of them was killed, as well as a number of natives.

The American consul sent out to the Cherokee and Ohio, which were anchored in the stream, and got a brass six-pounder and an iron cannon. He put these so he could sweep the street and told the natives that if they fought any more or killed any more Americans he would turn the cannon loose, so they decided to quit fighting. He bought a steerage ticket for New York for fifty dollars.

The first cabin ticket was seventy-five dollars. After he got on the boat he paid the purser five dollars extra to sit at the first cabin table and have a cabin like the first class passengers. The Ohio was a sidewheeler and there were about two hundred returning gold miners aboard. At Havana they transferred to the Georgia for New Orleans.

In the Crescent city he paid sixteen dollars for a ticket to St. Louis and made the trip of about twelve-hundred miles on the Patrick Henry. At St. Louis he took passage on a small boat called the Lewis F. Linn, for Brunswick, the great tobacco trading point on the Missouri, traveling with Washington Leach, who had been his companion in the mines of California and on the returning sea voyage. At Brunswick he hired a rig to drive to Linneus, where he had left mother. When he arrived there he found that his father-in-law had sold out and that mother had gone to Jive with Uncle Newton.

He hired a man to drive him out to the Newton place. He bought a house and lot for three hundred dollars and got a job as carpenter at a dollar and a quarter a day. In the party were father's cousin, Ambrose Newton, who brought his wife and three children. He had two wagons, with four yoke of oxen to each, and was accompanied by three young men, who came along to work for their board.

Father had one wagon, three yoke of oxen and two cows. In his wagon were himself, mother, Sarah, the baby, and a young man named Washington Ward, who went along to work for his hoard. The members of the train chose father as their captain because of his previous experience in crossing the plains. The emigrants drove to St. Joseph, Missouri, and thence up the river, which they crossed at Council Bluffs. They took the south side of the Platte. A large party of Pawnee Indians accompanied them almost to Ash Hollow.

There my father and Mr. Wiley went on a hunting expedition. Father killed a big buffalo and they loaded their horses with meat. When they were hunting a hail storm came up which was so severe that the cattle couldn't face it. They turned around and drifted with the storm. On the Bear river in Utah six saddle horses were stolen. Father lost a good horse. He said that when he and Fowler were looking for the horses they met an Indian on a cayuse,while his squaw was mounted on a big roan horse.

Father had a rifle with inlaid silver work and the Indian tried to take it. Father pulled out his Colt revolver and the Indian changed his mind, and the last father saw of him and the squaw they were making their horses go as fast as they could. The next day the party arrived at Steamboat Springs, where an Englishman had a trading station.

After crossing the Malheur river they went down the Snake and struck Burnt river at a point where Huntington was afterward built. They passed through the Powder River valley below the place where Baker City is now located and there father suffered from blood poisoning, which endangered his life. After coming into the Grande Ronde valley they passed Medical lake and in the Blue mountains stayed over night at Lee's encampment, now Bingham Springs.

Then they proceeded down the Wild Horse through what is now the Umatilla Indian reservation, finding Indians there who were raising corn and potatoes. After reaching Deschutes they made their way down Ten-Mile creek and thence to Tygh valley. They passed through the Barlow tollgate and down Laurel Hill, soon afterward coming to the Big Sandy valley.

On September 9 they reached Foster's famous ranch and on the 11th crossed the Willamette at Portland on a capstan and two horses. In father and Fred Flora took a contract to get out timbers and build a barn for Captain Doty in Yamhill county. Father next built a granary for Mr. McLeod on Tualatin plains. They paid him seven dollars a day and he took his pay in flour, which he sold in Portland.

From Tualatin plains he moved to the Long Tom, in Beaten county, where he bought, for three hundred dollars, a quarter section. Forty acres of the tract had been fenced and there was a good house on the place. Father bought a land entry of one hundred and sixty acres for one hundred and twenty dollars and took up the adjoining quarter section. The first loom on the Long Tom was constructed by father, who built it for Mrs. He was paid forty dollars for the job.

Ferguson wove homespun cloth. He bought a new wagon, a span of mules and ninety head of cattle. He hired John Florence to drive the stock over the Barlow trail to the Dennis Maloney place, near the present site of Dufur. Father traded our place to Mrs. Upton for two large mares, Pet and Pigeon. Afterward father moved to Eight-Mile creek, purchasing a farm from "Big Steve" Edwards, and there mother died in the fall of , leaving two sons and two daughters, one a baby less than a year old.

The hard winter of nearly wiped father off the map financially. He had only thirty head of stock left when the snow went off in the spring. Susan Griffin, my mother's sister, died shortly alter we children went there. Father and Fred Flora had started in the spring of with a herd of cattle for the Orofino mines in Idaho.

My sister did the housework. When J. Broadwell bought the place my sister Sarah and I stayed with him for two years. My brother Willie went to Idaho with my father, who purchased a mine in the Boise basin and later moved to Rocky Bar, in Alturas county, that state. He was absent two years and brought home fourteen hundred dollars.

He built a mill on Fifteen-Mile creek near the Meadows, also owning a mill on the Columbia, opposite Wind river, and this he later sold to Joseph T. While operating the plant he built a small steamboat to handle the lumber. After disposing of his mills father worked for a time at his trade and aided in constructing the shoe factory in North Dalles. In father married Mrs.

Elizabeth Herbert, a widow, who had two children: Mrs. Jane Sherer, deceased; and George A. Herbert, now a resident of Baker, Oregon. The mother of these children passed away at The Dalles and father's death occurred at Cascade Locks, Oregon, in My sister Sarah, the oldest of the family, was born in Missouri in On May 10, , she became the wife of William Frizzell, and her demise occurred in at Cascade Locks.

My brother William was born in Benton county, Oregon, in and is now living in Oakland, California. I was the third child and my full name is Daniel Lycurgus Cates. My sister Susan was born February 14, , in Wasco county, Oregon. She became the wife of W. Wilson, a well known attorney of Portland, Oregon, and died February 14, Cates attended the public schools at The Dalles and one of his instructors was Professor S.

From until he was in the employ of his father, who at that time was operating a saw mill above Cascade Locks, where the town of Wyeth is now located. His lumber yard at The Dalles was managed by Daniel L. Cates, who afterward became a bookkeeper for John H.

Larsen, a dealer in wool and hides. Cates remained until , when he was appointed a deputy under George Herbert, sheriff of Wasco county, and acted in that capacity for four years. In he was elected sheriff and served for two years, thoroughly justifying the trust reposed in him.

In August, , he located at Cascade Locks, opening a general store, which he conducted during the construction of the locks. About five hundred men were at work and in the locks were completed by J. At that time Mr. Cates disposed of the business and established a drug store, of which he was the proprietor for two years. Crossing the Columbia river, he purchased a tract of three hundred and twenty acres in Skamania county, Washington, and applied himself to the task of clearing the land.

He cut down the timber, which he sawed into logs, and disposed of them at a good figure. A few years later he sold the ranch and in November, , returned to The Dalles. Prosperity had attended his various undertakings and for a time he lived retired. In he was prevailed upon to reenter the arena of public affairs and has since been city recorder. His duties are discharged with characteristic thoroughness and fidelity and his continued retention in the office proves that his services are appreciated.

On October 9, , Mr. Cates is the ninth in line of descent from Jan Stryker, who was born in Holland in and emigrated from Ruinen, a village in the province of Drenthe, with his wife, two sons and four daughters, arriving at New Amsterdam in The mother of these children was Lambertje Seubering, who died several years after the family came to America.

She survived her husband, who was a man of prominence in colonial days. In he was elected chief magistrate of Midworet and according to the Colonial History of New York" he was a member of the embassy sent from New Amsterdam to the lord mayors in Holland.

The history also states that he became a representative in the general assembly on April 10, , a member of the Hempstead convention of , and was commissioned captain of a military company on October 25, His brother, who also came to this country, was named Jacobus Garretsen Stryker. Jan Stryker and his first wife had a large family.

She died June 17, , and his demise occurred June 11, He was high sheriff of Kings county, Long Island; judge of the court from until , and was made captain of a foot company in On June 1, , he purchased four thousand acres of land on Millstone river in Somerset county, New Jersey. It does not appear that he ever lived on this property but his sons, Jacob and Barends, and his grandsons, the four sons of Jan, removed from Flatbush to New Jersey. Pieter and Annetje Barends Stryker had eleven children.

Jan Stryker, their third child, was born August 6, , and in married Margarita Schenck. She was baptized June 2, , and married February 17, Her death occurred July 15, , and her husband passed away August 17, He was a member of the Kings County militia. Jan Stryker had nine children by his first wife and five by the second.

Pieter Stryker, the eldest child of his first wife, was born September 14, , at Flatbush, Long island, and about married Antje Deremer. Death summoned him on December 28, He had eleven children by his first wife and one by the second. His son, John Stryker, the eighth child of his first union, was born March 2, , and became captain of the Somerset County militia but was afterwards attached to the state troops. His marriage with Lydia Cornell was solemnized November 13, , and on March 25, , he responded to the final summons.

His wife was born March 15, , and died November 4, John and Lydia Cornell Stryker were the parents of ten children. James I. She was born November 5, , and died about in Cayuga county, New York, while his demise occurred December 14, Their family numbered eight children. Stryker died December 2, , in Vancouver, Washington, and her husband's death occurred in that city on December 21, In their family were four daughters, of whom Alice is the eldest. By her marriage to Daniel L.

Cates she became the mother of four children. The fourth child died in infancy. Cates takes a keen interest in fraternal affairs and is a charter member of The Dalles Lodge of the Knights of Pythias, in which he has filled all of the chairs. In all matters of citizenship he is loyal, progressive and public-spirited and his personal qualities are such as make for popularity. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Chrisman, Levi No public official of Wasco county enjoys a higher reputation than Levi Chrisman, who has served continuously as sheriff for a period of twenty-two years, and represents the third generation of the family in Oregon.

In , when their son Campbell E. Margaret Chrisman there passed away in and her husband remained on the ranch until He then sold the place and came to The Dalles, where he lived retired until his death a few years later. Campbell E. Chrisman was educated in the public schools of Dayton and remained at home until , when he moved to The Dalles. For a time he leased the ranch near Dufur and about purchased the property. He cultivated the farm until and then sold the tract.

Returning to The Dalles, he became a dealer in grain and conducted a grocery and a feed store. Catering to both the wholesale and retail trades, he established a large patronage and continued the business until , when he retired. He served on the school board and manifested a deep interest in matters touching the welfare and progress of his community.

Her parents, John E. Her father was a Christian minister and one of the early circuit riders of Oregon, traveling on horseback to isolated districts in order to spread the Gospel. He passed away early in the '70s and his widow survived him by ten years.

The demise of Campbell E. Chrisman occurred May 15, , at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Taylor, a resident of The Dalles, and on February 20, , his widow was called to her final rest. To their union were born seven children. Lulu, the eldest, was born on the homestead near Dufur and is the widow of Henry Taylor. She has two children: Mrs. Lulu P. Hugh Chrisman is sheriff of Sherman county and has been the incumbent of the office for eight years.

Levi is the next of the family and his brother Frank lives in Oakland, California. Emma, the seventh in order of birth, died in infancy. For four years he was a railroad employe and in ventured in business for himself at The Dalles. In partnership with his brother Frank he opened a meat market, which he conducted successfully for sixteen years, also dealing in live stock. He was elected sheriff of Wasco county on the republican ticket in and his long retention in this office is an eloquent testimonial to the quality of his service.

In the discharge of his important duties he is conscientious, efficient and fearless and during his tenure of office the percentage of crime in the country has been appreciably lowered. His record is unsullied and in length of service has never been equaled by any other sheriff in the state. Chrisman married Miss Edna C. Martin, who was born in Illinois, and died February 13, She had become the mother of five children. Edna, the first born, is the wife of Robert P. Johnson, of Portland, Oregon, and has two daughters, Margaret and Virginia.

The other children of Mr. Chrisman are: Mrs. Neva M. Rasmussen, of Seattle, Washington; Robert, who was admitted to the bar in and is practicing in Wallowa, Oregon; Cecil, who is a junior at the University of Oregon and is preparing to enter the legal profession; and Elsie, who was graduated from the high school at The Dalles and is taking a course in a Portland business college.

The children are natives of The Dalles and all have received the benefit of a good education. In the local lodge of the Knights of Pythias he has filled all of the chairs and is also affiliated with the Woodmen of the World and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks.

He has a wide acquaintance and draws his friends from all walks of life, possessing those qualities which inspire strong and enduring regard. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Clausen, F. Agricultural progress in the Columbia River Valley has received marked impetus from the enterprising spirit and systematic labors of F.

Clausen, a pioneer wheat grower of Wasco county and one of its large land owners. Having accumulated a sum more than sufficient for his needs, he is spending the evening of life in ease and comfort and resides in an attractive home at The Dalles. He was born February 1, , in Kolding, Denmark, and his parents, Nicolai and Karen Clausen, were life-long residents of that country.

His father's demise occurred in and the mother long survived him, passing away in They had eight children, four of whom attained years of maturity: F. Clausen received a common school education and laid aside his textbooks at the age of sixteen, as his assistance was needed on the home farm.

His country was engaged in war with Germany, which took the province of Schleswig-Holstein as indemnity from Denmark. The family lived near the boundary line dividing the two countries and two brothers of F. Clausen served in the Danish army. Being unwilling to swear allegiance to Germany, he left his native land and on April 7, , sailed from Hamburg on a vessel which bore him to New York city.

He then purchased a ticket for San Francisco, California, and for a period of four years was engaged in dairying near Sacramento. In partnership with his brother James, he operated a wheat ranch in the Sacramento valley for two years and then decided to migrate to Oregon. Selling his interest in the ranch to his brother, he came to The Dalles in the spring of and soon afterward filed on a homestead on the Deschutes river, twenty miles southeast of the town. He proved up on the land and later secured a timber claim.

As fast as his resources permitted Mr. Clausen increased his holdings and is now the owner of three thousand acres of land in Wasco county. A tract of one thousand acres is devoted to the growing of grain and the balance is used for pasture and stock farming. Endowed with keen powers of discernment, Mr. Clausen was the first man to recognize the fact that grain could be produced in this locality and the old cattle and sheep raisers were averse to the idea, saying that the land could be utilized only for grazing purposes owing to the dryness of the soil.

In he planted his first crop of wheat, which was destroyed by grasshoppers, but the next season he had better luck and in forty-five years of farming has had only one failure. His equipment is up-to-date and the fields are divided by well kept fences. A modern house has been erected on the ranch, which is further improved with substantial barns and other outbuildings.

The place is well irrigated and water from the spring is pumped to the house and other buildings. Clausen follows diversified farming and has found that the best results are obtained by summer fallowing. The soil yields good crops and he keeps about fifty head of horses for the farm work. His cattle and hogs are of high grade and he owns about one hundred and twenty-five head of stock, which he allows to run in the wheat fields after the grain is harvested.

Every detail of the work has been carefully planned and the ranch has proven a profitable investment because it is operated on an economic basis. Clausen is a firm believer in scientific methods of a culture and has demonstrated their value as factors in productiveness. In he leased the ranch to his sons, James and Otto, who are successfully managing the place and also own valuable stock farms. Since his retirement Mr. Clausen has lived at The Dalles in a desirable home, which he purchased in , and during the busy season supervises the work on his farm.

He has proven his faith in the future of The Dalles by judicious investments in real estate and is a stockholder in the Wrentham and Columbia Warehouse Companies, while he also owns a half-interest in two substantial business blocks, which were recently erected in the city. It was during their honeymoon that Mr. Clausen made the trip to Oregon, traveling to The Dalles in a wagon drawn by four horses.

Theirs proved an ideal union, which was terminated by the death of Mrs. Clausen on October 17, In their family were eight children, all of whom were born on the old homestead in Wasco county and received liberal educational advantages. Arthur, the first born, died at the age of six years.

James is married and has one child, Edna. Cora is deceased. Edna completed a course in The Dalles high school and was graduated from a nurses' training school maintained by one of the largest hospitals in Cleveland, Ohio. She is anaesthesian at The Dalles Hospital and also acts as housekeeper for her father.

Otto is married and has two children, Fred and Virginia. During the World war he enlisted in the United States Engineers Corps, becoming sergeant of his company, and later was promoted to the position of chief engineer. He spent two years overseas and is now filling a responsible position in Chicago, Illinois.

Emma supplemented her high school education by attendance at Reed College in Portland, Oregon, from which she was graduated. For two years she was a student at the University of Washington and is now dietician at Dornbacher Hospital in Portland. Clara, the youngest child, died at the age of seven years. His fraternal relations also extend to the Woodmen of the World. For eight years he was one of the commissioners of Wasco county and during his tenure of office the county built and paid for the finest courthouse in the state, with the exception of the one in Portland.

A strong advocate of educational advancement, Mr. Clausen was a member of the school board of his district for twenty-four years and has always evinced a keen desire to cooperate in movements for the general good. A man of stable purpose and marked strength of character, he has sown wisely and well and his life has been a succession of harvests.

For nearly a half century he has resided in Wasco county, where he has a wide acquaintance, and enjoys to the fullest extent the esteem and confidence of all with whom he has been associated. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Collins, John Wesley John Wesley Collins is one of the most active young business men of The Dalles, where he is conducting a prosperous wall paper and paint business. He was born in Jefferson county, Tennessee, in , his parents being William H. John W. Collins' first work was in a general merchandise store in his home town, but he did not find the pursuit to his liking and remained in that employ for only thirteen months.

He acted in that capacity for six years. In he determined to start out in business on his own account and having saved considerable money from his earnings and made many friends in the trade, he looked around for a location and after visiting The Dalles at once decided to cast his lot in the "cherry town," and renting a store, established business here. After paying his rent and equipping his place he had left as a working capital just one hundred dollars, yet by he was the owner of the only wall paper and decorating concern in the city and was occupying a handsome store on the main business street, with a stock of wall paper and paint fully paid for and worth seven thousand dollars.

Moreover, he is giving employment to eight expert painters and paper hangers. He takes contracts for all kinds of painting and decorating work and has broadened the scope of his business by establishing a picture frame department. He also sells paint and paper and many decorative articles and the business is a growing one.

Collins was married to Miss Ruby S. Pickens, a native of North Carolina, whose parents are now farming in Oregon. They have two children, Louelder and William Wesley. Collins is a member of the Chamber of Commerce and is active in support of all progressive civic interests. Fraternally he is an Odd Fellow and a Yeoman.

He enjoys the high regard of his brethren in these orders and has won a well deserved reputation as a reliable and progressive business man and valuable citizen. Among the most interesting features of the Oregon Daily Journal are the articles of Fred Lockley, who wrote the following account of the life of John B.

I asked of Mr. McLoughlin sent him up to Stuart lake in British Columbia, to bring down the furs from their post there. He was given command of ten three-ton boats. He piloted the leading boat himself and the others followed the lead of his boat. These boats made the round trip each summer from Stuart lake to Fort Vancouver. Coming down the Columbia, they shot the rapids at the cascades, but on the return trip they had to make a portage there.

They carried their loads around the cascades at what is now Cascade locks and towed their boats or carried them around the swift water. At the big eddy, sometimes called The Dalles rapids, they made another portage, carrying their loads clear beyond Celilo falls. They put their boats into the river above Celilo and paddled them to the mouth of the Okanogan, where they put their trade goods on pack horses and took them over the divide to the waters of the Frazier river, where they had boats in which they took the goods to Stuart lake.

Father stayed with this work for some years - in fact, until , when they transferred him to Fort Walla Walla, now called Wallula. Spaulding down the river to Fort Vancouver. This was immediately after the killing of Dr. Marcus Whitman, Mrs. Whitman and the other white people at Wai-lat-pu mission. The Indians fired at my father and the other two men from the bank but did not hit them. They brought the news of the massacre to the Willamette valley, and soon the whole valley was humming with excitement like a hive of angry bees.

My father and Champagne joined their own people from French prairie to go up to Wai-lat-pu to punish the Indians. They fought with the volunteers from French prairie until the Cayuse war was over. She was at Dr. McLoughlin's mill on the island at what they sometimes called Willamette falls when I was born on April 27, , and when I was a few weeks old she returned to our place here. My mother's name was Sophia Berchier. She pronounced it "Bushey.

She lived to be ninety-four years old. When she was coming here by the old Hudson's Bay trail my brother Ed, who retired from the Portland police force recently after forty years of service, was born. The Indians attacked the party when Ed was one day old, so mother had to grab him up, catch her horse and get away from there as fast as the animal could travel. In the fall of he purchased from the Hudson's Bay Company a boat which he operated on the river between The Dalles and Fort Vancouver.

He took emigrants from The Dalles to Oregon City while the men of the party drove their cattle overland to the Willamette valley. Father had the contract to transport the soldiers from Vancouver to The Dalles in , when the United States government built the fort here. After this for three years he stayed on his land at Crates Point and farmed the place. In the summer of he operated his boat between Celilo and Wallula.

Father acted as pilot on the first boat than ran from Celilo to Wallula and thence to the mouth of the Snake river. I believe Captain Gray was skipper of the boat. After serving as pilot on this river for a while father returned to his ranch, later going to the newly discovered gold mines in Idaho, near where Lewiston now is. Father and mother had fourteen children, seven of whom are now living.

In 1 was riding for Ben Snipe, whose horses ranged all over the Yakima country and along the Columbia. He had about twenty thousand head of cattle. In my horse fell with me and broke in a lot of my ribs, so I came to The Dalles and went to work fur John Michaelbach, who ran a butcher shop here in those days. In my brother Ed and I purchased the shop. Ed soon went on the Portland police force. I ran the butcher shop for some years and sold out when I was appointed a member of the police force here.

He was day man and I had the night shift. There were thirty-two saloons here then. Yes, I have had to take guns away from hundreds of men. You see, when they get drunk they hardly know what they are doing and they frequently get ugly and pull their guns. If I didn't take the gun away they might kill someone, or someone might shoot them in self-defense. I served on the force over twenty years. Yes, I have lots of friends.

The lawbreakers and bootleggers don't like me, but the wolves and coyotes don't like a watchdog, and for the same reason. Yes, when Gibbons, the city marshal was shot and killed I was appointed in his place. Did I ever have any fights? Look at the knuckles of my right hand. I couldn't tell you how many times I have broken my knuckles fighting with drunken men or gangs of men who resisted arrest. No, I never used a gun or a billy. One morning at about five o'clock I was called to a saloon to stop a fight between Frank Summers, a gambler, and a small man.

Summers, who weighed about three hundred pounds, was holding the small man with one arm around his neck and beating him with the other arm. I managed to separate the two men and dragged Summers outside the saloon. While I was taking Summers to the jail he promised to behave if I would take him to his room instead, which I did, and left him there.

In the melee Summers lost his hat and a man named Gentry took it up to his room. The gambler told Gentry he was going to get his gun and kill me. Meanwhile I had gone downtown and was told later on that Summers was back in the saloon and boasting of what he intended to do. I returned to the saloon and when I reached the swinging door Summers opened fire.

The first bullet hit me in the left breast, an inch above the heart, and penetrated my body. I grabbed a heavy chair of oak, using it as a shield, and closed with Summers, who fired two more shots before I was able to knock him down with the chair. I took away Summers' gun, handing it to my deputy, who had arrived on the scene by that time, and then fainted from loss of blood.

They took me to a hospital and probed for the bullet, but the probe ran clear through me and when they took off my shirt the bullet fell to the floor. I had to stay in the hospital for over a month. The fight took place at The Dalles in and Summers was sent to the penitentiary for a term of five years.

Crate was married. Bill engaged in farming until He then sold the place and migrated to Oregon, arriving at Hood River on November 15, There he spent the winter and in the spring of came to Wasco county, taking up a preemption claim and homestead of one hundred and sixty acres near Mosier.

He removed a portion of the timber, which he cut, and sold the wood. Bill cultivated the ranch until his demise in and his wife passed away a few days later. They had ten children, seven of whom survive: Mrs. Mary Britten, who makes her home at The Dalles; Mrs. Barbara Dunsmore, of Mosier; Mrs. Louise Shepard, a resident of Oakland, that state; and Henry A. Bill, also of Oakland. In the family of Mr. Crate were two children. Violet was born in and died in infancy. The other daughter, Anna Lucille, who was born at The Dalles and has become a well known concert singer, is the wife of James W.

Purcell, who is manager for the Ellison-White Chautauqua Company and travels extensively in the interests of the firm. Purcell reside in Portland, Oregon, and are the parents of two sons: James W. A lifelong resident of Oregon, Mr. Crate has an intimate knowledge of the history of the state, to which he is deeply attached, and his conversation is enriched with interesting reminiscences of the past. He has been loyal to every trust reposed in him and faithful to every duty and the years have strengthened his position in public esteem.

His mother was reared in Greeneville, Tennessee, and among her schoolmates was Andrew Johnson, who became the seventeenth president of the United States. Alexander E. Davis enlisted in the Confederate army, offering to take the place of his brother, who had several children, and was killed during the siege of Vicksburg.

His widow after remarried, becoming the wife of S. Moser in , and five children were born to them: William A. Moser, of Starbuck, Washington. An only child, James A. Davis had replaced in the Confederate service. The favorite playground of James A.

Davis was in the vicinity of the mill owned by his uncle, with whom he often rode on the carriage that conveyed logs to the saw, and when a boy of eight he had the misfortune to lose a leg in this sawmill, which was in operation at Greeneville. In spite of that handicap he walked regularly to the nearest schoolhouse, a distance of three and a half miles, often trudging through the snow in the winter.

Russell, and later took a postgraduate course under the same teacher, who had migrated to Roseburg, Oregon. The change proved beneficial to Mrs. In Sheridan, Yamhill county, Oregon, Mr. Davis began his career as an educator, remaining there for two years, and in proceeded to Roseburg, where his studies were directed by Professor J. Homer, now a member of the faculty of the Oregon Agricultural College at Corvallis.

For more than twenty years Mr. Davis engaged in teaching, constantly advancing in the profession, and was principal of the high school at Oakland, Oregon, for two years, during which he established the first school library in Douglas county. He had charge of the Yoncalla high school for four years and came to Wasco county in For two years he was principal of the high school at Antelope and in came to The Dalles. He was appointed deputy county assessor by J. Koonts and acted in that capacity until , when he became assessor, filling the position for four years.

In he was reelected to the office, in which he has since been retained, and has served for a longer period than any other county assessor in Oregon. Davis has devoted deep thought and study to his work and enjoys the confidence of the voters and taxpayers of Wasco county. Methodical and conscientious, he has made his department a model of efficiency, inaugurating the system whereby assessment notices and tax receipts are made out at one time, and this system, under various forms, is now in use throughout the state.

In commercial affairs he has also demonstrated his ability, opening an insurance office in , and soon established a profitable business. In October, , Mr. Bridges was a Methodist minister and one of the early circuit riders of Linn county. Later he went to Missouri, where he remained until his demise, but his wife passed away in Oregon. To their union were born thirteen children, seven of whom survive: Mrs.

Emma Miller; Mrs. Laura Applegate; W. Bridges, a resident of Drain, Oregon; Mrs. Amanda Smith; Mrs. Ruth Davis; Isom C. Bridges, of Oregon City; and Mrs. Martha Looney, who lives in Jefferson, Oregon. Davis became the parents of four sons. Harold L. Percy V. Dudley Quentin, also a native of Oakland, born December 16, , enlisted in the United States navy and was in the service of his country for three years.

Richard Harding, who was born September 6, , and is a junior in the local high school, has a talent for music and plays in the high school band and also in an orchestra. During the World War, Mr. Bridges devoted much of his time to patriotic activities and furthered the success of the various drives. In politics he is a stanch republican and for three years was clerk of The Dalles school board. He takes a keen interest in fraternal affairs and is a past noble grand of five lodges.

In the Woodmen of the World and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows he has filled all of the chairs and is also connected with the Neighbors of Woodcraft. His parents were J. The son Leon was educated in his home town, passing through consecutive grades to the high school. When he was nineteen years of age he determined to go west and in arrived in Oregon. Devoting all of his spare time to study, and being a young man of steady habits and thoroughness of purpose, he soon mastered the business and was put in charge of the company's retail and installation department.

He occupied that position until the company was reorganized in and closed out the department of which he had had charge. Dawson then purchased the manufacturing, supply and installation department of the company and has since conducted business under the name of The Dalles Electric Works. He carries a large stock of electric supplies and house necessities, manufactures all manner of electrical things to meet needs of this character and installs anything wanted in the electrical line. His showroom on East Second street displays a large stock of electric fixtures, household appliances and similar goods.

He makes a specialty of farm installations and is the agent of the Delco-Light System for light, heat and power. He has thus given to the farmers of Wasco all of the advantages of a city dweller in the line of electric conveniences and he ranks as a master in his chosen line. Dawson was married in to Miss Cora V.

Joles, whose father was a retired business man of The Dalles. To this marriage have been born two sons, Harold and Kenneth, who are now grade pupils in The Dalles schools. Dawson has never taken any active part in politics but is well known in connection with fraternal interests, being a member of the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks, the Woodmen of the World and the Knights of Pythias.

He is likewise a member of the Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained the Knights Templar degree, and he is a Noble of the Mystic Shrine. He ranks with the most popular business men of central Oregon and has seen several competitive firms establish business but fail to attain success, for the trade is given to him. He has been prominent in support of all civic matters relating to the welfare of The Dalles and his cooperation can be counted upon to further any movement for the public good.

Office-holding is not always a recommendation to a man. There are those who seek office and those whom the office seeks. The subject of thin biography is one of the latter class, and has, almost continuously, since attaining his majority, held official position. He was born in Washington County, Ohio, September 4, His father was of Scotch-Trish and his mother of English descent.

He came to Oregon with his parents in , crossing the plains with an ox team and settling in Linn County, near Lebanon, on a donation claim. Two weeks after their arrival the father died, leaving a widowed mother with six children, three girls and three boys, O. Denny being the oldest of the boys. The responsibility and chief labor of improving the farm and supporting the family devolved upon him and his mother, and, with the assistance of the younger children, they struggled on to the accomplishment of both.

Meantime he attended the Lebanon Academy and obtained an education sufficient to qualify him for teaching a common country school. He taught six months and then attended Willamette University, at Salem, for two years. He then began reading law with Hon. Holbrook, at Oregon City. That gentleman being called East, on business connected with the National Sanitary Commission, of which he was chief agent for Oregon, he prescribed a course for his student, furnished him with text books and sent him to Salem, where he joined a class, consisting of the late C.

Curl, Thomas Caton, H. Gehr and William Waldo. The class recited to Hon. Grover, at present United Senator, for one year, when they each entered law firms. Denny went in the firm of Hons. Harding, and after being admitted to the bar in he went to The Dalles, in Wasco county, and began practice alone. In September of the same year he was appointed, by Governor A.

Gibbs, County Judge of that county, which position he held one year. He then went to Idaho Territory to make collections for merchants at The Dalles, resigning his office to do so. The business detaining him, he opened an office at Centreville and practiced law for a short time, with marked success. He then returned to The Dalles, and at the following election was nominated for the office of County Judge on the Republican ticket, and elected by a large majority.

At the expiration of his term he was renominated and, although the county went largely Democratic, he was only beaten eight votes. Denny gained great credit for his administration of county affairs while he held the office of Judge, the bonds of the county advancing from fifty cents on the dollar to par value during his term. He was married to Mrs. Gertrude J.

White, an accomplished widow with one child, a daughter, in He then removed to California and located in San Jose, where he practiced law one year, when he returned to Oregon and, locating in Portland, he again began the practice of his profession. In he was elected Police Judge for the city of Portland, and was re-elected in on the Republican ticket.

During his last term he was tendered the Consulship, at Amoy, China, by President Grant, which office he declined, not having been an applicant. In he was appointed Collector of Internal Revenue for Oregon and Alaska by President Grant, when he resigned the office of Police Judge and entered upon the duties of his new position.

He entered upon the duties of that responsible position April 1st, , and still continues in the office, although at this date he is visiting friends and attending to official duties in Oregon. Denny was appointed to the office which he now holds, at the request of Hon.

William M. Evarts, then Secretary of State of the United States, without his having made application for the same and without his knowledge. He holds high relations with other foreign Ministers and Consuls to the Chinese Empire and is held in high esteem by them and also by the Chinese authorities. No higher mark of confidence could be given him than the fact that the whole Pacific delegation to Congress recently recommended him for promotion to Minister to Peking, a position still more distinguished than that which he is now holding.

Kirsten Gillibrand D-NY that has eight co-sponsors, far short of the 51 needed to guarantee passage. Congress provided VA with authorization called the Mill Bill to pay for emergency care in non-VA facilities for veterans enrolled in the VA health care system. The benefit will pay for emergency care rendered for non-service-connected conditions for enrolled veterans who have no other source of payment for the care.

However, VA will only pay to the point of medical stability. There are very strict guidelines concerning these types of claims. Veterans and their non-VA providers should be aware that these claims must be filed with the VA within 90 days from the last day of the emergent care; otherwise, the claim will be denied because it was not filed in a timely manner. This benefit is a safety net for enrolled veterans who have no other means of paying a private facility emergency bill.

If another health insurance provider pays all or part of a bill, VA cannot provide any reimbursement. Veterans who retired from the U. To qualify, you must meet all of these criteria:. If you are an eligible veteran, and a VA facility is not feasibly available when you believe your health or life is in immediate danger, report directly to the closest emergency room ER.

Veterans have a responsibility to ensure that the VA Transfer Center is notified immediately upon any hospital admission. Payment responsibility is as follows:. If you stay beyond that point, you will assume full responsibility for the payment of costs associated with treatment.

As soon as your condition stabilizes, the VA will assist the private facility with arrangements to transport you to a VA, or VA-designated facility. The veteran is responsible for payment for an ambulance from the non-VA facility to a VA facility. Ambulance bills are considered unauthorized claims, and must be submitted to the VA in a timely manner. The veteran must be actively enrolled in a Fee Basis Program; the pharmacy item must be considered as urgent or emergent by the initiating physician; the pharmacy item cannot be reimbursed past a 10 day supply; and the prescription and receipts must be turned in to the Fee Basis Unit.

The reimbursement is based upon the U. Under the law, payment from the VA is considered as "payment in full" for the dates authorized. Claims must be filed with the nearest VA Medical facility to where the services were rendered within 90 days of the discharge date of medical service; otherwise, the claim will be denied because it was not filed in a timely manner. Service members and civilians can self-identify as serving in a combat zone by annotating their tax return or calling or e-mailing the IRS.

The IRS has required no proof to support such claims. In addition, the IG said:. As a result those records were not flagged with a combat zone indicator. The IRS must do its best to correct this problem, especially during wartime. In its response to the new report the IRS said:. The IRS disagreed with one recommendation, saying it already has a process for distinguishing between military and civilian taxpayers. The IG countered that although the IRS can identify service members through the records the Pentagon provides, it uses the same indicator for both.

Under federal tax law enlisted personnel pay no federal tax on income earned in a combat zone, while officers pay taxes only on income that is above the highest monthly enlisted pay, a provision that affects only senior officers. All troops in combat zones can postpone filing and paying taxes, enforcement activities and other tax actions. Public Counsel, a pro bono law firm, will offer the free service throughout Southern California and in partnership with other volunteer attorneys in more than 25 states.

We can and must do more for our nation's heroes. Vera said the effort would help the 1. The program also will help the tens of thousands of homeless veterans living on the nation's streets to collect government assistance. Nearly one out of every four homeless individuals we see on the streets of Los Angeles wore the uniform protecting our country.

But only one in 10 receive the government services that they're entitled to," Vera said. For additional info refer to www. Veterans seeking assistance can contact Public Counsel at:. The CVA also provides training in VA representation and assists veterans in obtaining housing, employment, medical care, and supportive services. Public Counsel provides the opportunity for its volunteers to work on a wide variety of projects. Some of the casework is relatively simple, suitable for new attorneys seeking to develop new skills or more experienced attorneys seeking to expand their legal experience.

Other cases are highly complex. In addition to work on litigation matters, Public Counsel volunteers can also assist with transactional and administrative matters as well as work in specialized areas such as bankruptcy and health care. Volunteer opportunities are by no means limited to lawyers. Paralegals, legal assistants, law students, expert witnesses, and individuals employed in other professions are needed and welcomed see Non-legal volunteer opportunities.

For information about volunteering at Public Counsel, contact their volunteer coordinator, Ted Zepeda, at x or tzepeda publiccounsel. It does not receive city funding. Marine Corps veteran Aaron Huffman 27, who served in both Iraq and Afghanistan from to , said he was forced to turn to Public Counsel last year when the Veterans Administration denied his claim for medical coverage after he injured his back when his Humvee hit a roadside bomb in Iraq.

The Humvee flipped and loads of gear landed on Huffman, pinning him against the windshield. Huffman said he underwent spinal surgery for three herniated disks in his lower back. He said the Veterans Administration immediately denied his claim for compensation, telling him that he needed to provide more documentation that showed the injuries were suffered in combat.

That's some of the issues veterans are facing. Shinseki announced the Department of Veterans Affairs VA is launching a comprehensive study of women Veterans who served in the military during the Vietnam War to explore the effects of their military service upon their mental and physical health. The study, which begins NOV 09 and lasts more than four years, will contact approximately 10, women in a mailed survey, telephone interview and a review of their medical records.

As women Vietnam Veterans approach their mid-sixties, it is important to understand the impact of wartime deployment on health and mental outcomes nearly 40 years later. The study will assess the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder PTSD and other mental and physical health conditions for women Vietnam Veterans, and explore the relationship between PTSD and other conditions.

VA will study women Vietnam Veterans who may have had direct exposure to traumatic events, and for the first time, study those who served in facilities near Vietnam. These women may have had similar, but less direct exposures. Both women Veterans who receive their health care from VA and those who receive health care from other providers will be contacted to determine the prevalence of a variety of health conditions.

About , women Veterans served in the military during the Vietnam War and about 7, were in or near Vietnam. Those who were in Vietnam, those who served elsewhere in Southeast Asia and those who served in the United States are potential study participants. The study represents to date the most comprehensive examination of a group of women Vietnam Veterans, and will be used to shape future research on women Veterans in future wars. Such an understanding will lay the groundwork for planning and providing appropriate services for women Veterans, as well.

Women Veterans are one of the fastest growing segments of the Veteran population. There are approximately 1. Women comprise 7. VA estimates women Veterans will constitute In recent years, VA has undertaken a number of initiatives to create or enhance services for women Veterans, including the implementation of comprehensive primary care throughout the nation, staffing every VA medical center with a women Veterans program manager, supporting a multifaceted research program on women's health, improving communication and outreach to women Veterans, and continuing the operation of organizations like the Center for Women Veterans and the Women Veterans Health Strategic Healthcare Group.

It went on to report that the GAO detailed six flaws in the procurement process in documents posted online 17 NOV, with a recommendation that Aetna should be excluded from the competition. This would place Health Net "as the only viable awardee. Defense officials have 60 days to respond, but that a decision against the GAO recommendation is "extremely rare. Tricare services will continue as the bid protest process moves forward through DoD, and, if necessary, through Congress.

The conference call with Veterans Service Organizations VSO and other veterans groups covered the development of the Veterans Corps and new AmeriCorps funding for programs that leverage veterans' skills and expertise to help restore local communities and ease veterans' transition to civilian life.

Veterans Corps is led by the Corporation and was authorized by the Edward M. Kennedy Serve America as part of the AmeriCorps program to prioritize funding for veterans services. Presently, the plan encourages veterans to apply by 26 JAN According to officials participating in the conference call notification of acceptance in to the program is scheduled for JUN Veteran groups were also informed that depending on need veterans may be eligible to receive housing, medical care, training and an educational allowance upon completion of the program.

For more information refer to the Corporation for National and Community Service website www. Current statistics show the unemployment rate of returning veterans to be among the highest at Committee members probed representatives from wounded warrior transition teams, Microsoft, and Oracle for ideas on how to improve current programs and transition services to veterans. Senator Daniel K. In his opening statement Akaka said, "These are difficult times for many Americans, with an unemployment rate higher than it has been in more than twenty years.

Many Americans have given up looking for work because they believe none is available. Many others are only able to find part-time employment. The extent of our challenges is truly staggering. Skills honed on the battlefield are not easily translated to a resume for the civilian job market. The problem is compounded by the need for a period of readjustment to civilian life.

Veterans who have been injured while on active duty, and especially those who are suffering the invisible wounds of war, face an even more daunting task when seeking to find a career. For those thousands of veterans who are homeless, who may be bearing the burdens of drug or alcohol abuse, or are struggling with mental health issues, finding work can seem impossible. Older veterans, and those from other conflicts, may lack the skills necessary to compete in an increasingly high tech job market.

Jobs that once were plentiful may simply no longer exist I will continue to work with my colleagues and advocates to help veterans find and maintain rewarding jobs. The bill H. The various scheduled cuts in the last decade have been delayed by Congress from going into effect.

These Medicare payments are critically important to any military retiree who uses Tricare for Life, since both Medicare is first payer for TFL. If doctors stopped seeing Medicare patients due to the level of payments they could and probably would also stop seeing Tricare patients. It would provide two separate updates, one for evaluation, management and preventive services, and another for other services. It is not at all clear whether the Senate will go along with this version.

Fortunately, this bill was rejected by a wide bipartisan majority. While we all think this problem needs to be addressed, this is not the way to do it. His amendment required an offset of the costs and would have ordered the State Department to transfer funds from its budget for supporting international organizations and peacekeeping activities. The amendment was defeated The bill was then passed It combined several different bills:.

A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to waive charges for humanitarian care provided by the Department of Veterans Affairs to family members accompanying veterans severely injured after September 11, , as they receive medical care from the Department and to provide assistance to family caregivers, and for other purposes. A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to enhance the capacity of the Department of Veterans Affairs to recruit and retain nurses and other critical health-care professionals, to improve the provision of health care veterans, and for other purposes.

A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to expand and improve health care services available to women veterans, especially those serving in operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom, from the Department of Veterans Affairs, and for other purposes. A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to authorize dental insurance for veterans and survivors and dependents of veterans, and for other purposes.

A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, to improve the quality of care provided to veterans in Department of Veterans Affairs medical facilities, to encourage highly qualified doctors to serve in hard-to-fill positions in such medical facilities, and for other purposes. A bill to enhance benefits for survivors of certain former members of the Armed Forces with a history of post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic brain injury, to enhance availability and access to mental health counseling for members of the Armed Forces and veterans, and for other purposes.

His hold caused a dramatic confrontation. The cost of the underlying bill does not need to be offset. I apologize to no one for having put a hold on this bill for a very good reason. The firms GAO studied committed the fraud in several ways. One company owner was not a service-disabled veteran, another was owned by a service-disabled veteran, but he did not control the firm's daily operations, and several SDVOSBs were serving as pass-throughs for large and sometimes foreign corporations.

In the case of a pass-through, a firm or team listed a service-disabled veteran as the majority owner, but all work was performed and managed by a nonservice disabled person or firm, in violation of program requirements. Gregory Kutz, GAO managing director of forensic audits and special investigations, told the House Small Business Committee on 19 NOV that the case studies show "significant control weaknesses" in the program, including effective fraud prevention by the Small Business Administration.

Contracting officers also are not required to validate a firm's eligibility before an award. And unlike the 8 a or HUBZone programs, firms professing eligibility are not required to submit documents substantiating this claim. Perhaps most discouraging, Kutz said, was that in many fraud cases, federal contracting officials were "actively involved" in and aware of the misrepresentation. Committee members of both parties expressed outrage and disgust at the misuse of a program designed to help injured veterans.

Then imagine finding out that you are losing out on contracts designated for veterans because a big company found out how to get around the rules," said Rep. Nydia Velazquez D-NY. We've got to stop it. Sam Graves R-MO , said fraud alone would be problematic, but in this case it shuts out deserving individuals and firms from crucial opportunities. But I would argue that if you're going to be an advocate for small businesses, you need to deal with the integrity of the programs, and today's hearing is a good start.

However, Gold Star parents pay the ultimate price when they lose their child for the sake of our country and they are owed a great honor. Current policy requires that these parents must face this loss for every one of their children before they gain admittance to VA Nursing Homes. My legislation will help correct this injustice because one loss is more than should be required to receive VA Nursing Home care for Gold Star parents. Included in the bill are procedural changes, such as allowing new information from a veteran whose claim is under appeal to be sent directly to the Board of Veterans Affairs, rather than to a regional office where it would have to work its way through the bureaucracy; and giving the Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims the power to review an entire claim, not just one part at a time.

Additionally, the bill tries to set the stage for more fundamental changes by creating an independent panel, the Veterans Judicial Review Commission, that would evaluate the disability and survivor benefits claims process and recommend changes. An interim report from the commission would be required by July with a final report by 30 DEC The report deadlines make it possible that some changes could be approved by Congress as early as next year, but major changes would not be considered until The House version of the legislation was approved in July.

The measure HR , passed , is now headed to conference committee, where negotiators will try to hammer out the differences between the Senate and House versions. Some items of interest to the veteran community in the Senate version include:. Reserve retirees, who have had to wait until age 60 before military health coverage begins, had been promised they could sign up for Tricare Reserve Select under a provision of the National Defense Authorization Act, which was signed by President Barack Obama on 28 OCT But military and veterans associations were surprised 17 NOV when a Tricare official said it could take 11 to 18 months before enrollment is allowed.

One group thinks the delay might be driven by the budget. Congressional aides working on military health care issues said they already have heard complaints about the slow implementation and were trying to determine the reason. Broyles, a Tricare Management Activity spokesman, was sent to several military and veterans groups that were inquiring about when the new benefit would begin.

When military associations and Congress questioned that, the Government Accountability Office did a study and determined that TRS premiums were significantly higher than actual costs would indicate. The Defense Department has announced that:. Purchase - You may purchase the plan at any time throughout the year, there are no tiers or open seasons. Mail or fax your completed TRS Request Form along with the first month's premium payment to your regional contractor within the specified deadline.

Daniel Duick, a thyroid cancer expert in Phoenix and former president of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists, said he had never heard of such a case. There is something radically wrong here. Receiving radioactive iodine is a standard treatment for most thyroid cancer patients after they undergo surgery to remove the diseased gland. Patients typically swallow the liquid, which enters the bloodstream and gets absorbed by any remaining thyroid cells.

Over two days, the radioactive material is excreted naturally from the body. In the VA hospital case, the patient, who lives outside of San Diego County, was supposed to be treated with millicuries of I sodium iodide. Only a small number of thyroid cancer patients receive radioactive iodine therapy through a feeding tube. Medical workers administering the treatment typically flush the tube with water to ensure the dose has been delivered properly, Duick said.

It could be a process issue. It could just be retention in the patient. They expect to issue a report on the iodine incident in the coming weeks. Duick said the case could draw the interest of other physicians who treat thyroid cancer patients. The new locations will include: Fort Benning, Ga. This expansion brings the total number of military facilities using the pilot to In NOV 07, the DoD and VA implemented the pilot test for disability cases originating at the three major military treatment facilities in the national capital region.

The pilot is a test of a new process design eliminating the duplicative, time-consuming, and often confusing elements of the two current disability processes of the departments. Key features of the DES pilot include one medical examination and a single-sourced disability rating.

To date, more than 5, service members have participated in the pilot since NOV This process was successfully completed on 31 MAY The estimated completion date for the new six site expansion is scheduled for 31 MAR It also includes individuals who are blind or a patient in a nursing home because of mental or physical incapacity.

Assisted care in an assisted living facility also qualifies. This most important benefit is overlooked by many families with Veterans or surviving spouses who need additional monies to help care for ailing parents or loved ones.

This is a "pension benefit" and is not dependent upon service-related injuries for compensation. Most Veterans who are in need of assistance qualify for this pension. Aid and Attendance can help pay for care in the home, nursing home or assisted living facility. To be eligible the veteran must have served during one of the following periods:. The VA must determine that your net worth is such that it will probably not support you through the remainder of your life. The VA does not include primary residence or vehicles when determining net worth.

Countable Income is the amount of income a veteran or surviving spouse receives each year including rollover interest, AFTER deducting all unreimbursed, and recurring health care expenses. If you have dependents, their health care costs can also be used to reduce your countable income. However, their income must also be added into the equation. Refer to www. Application to the VA for this benefit can be made by any of the following methods:.

Send the completed application and any copies of other documents to the VA regional office that serves your area of residence. Make sure you download all parts of the application as well as the instructions for filling out the forms.

To locate call , for the location of the nearest VSO nearest you. Each tier has its own level of benefits and qualifications. If you or your loved one does not qualify for Aid and Attendance, you may want to check to see if you qualify for another level of the Pension. For example the following would apply for eligibility to receive the Basic Pension:. In issuing its guidelines, the U. Preventive Services Task Force concluded that risk of breast cancer is very low in women age 40 to 50 and that the risk of false positives and complications from biopsies and other invasive procedures is too high for the procedure to be used routinely.

The current standard is mammograms every year or two for women 40 and older. Oncologists were nearly uniform in their disparagement of the guidelines, fearing the loss of a valuable cancer-prevention tool. Women in their 40s account for at least a quarter of breast cancer diagnoses. Insurance companies and Medicare administrators, which normally follow the panel's guidelines closely, said they would continue to pay for the procedure -- although it is not clear how long they can resist the panel's influence.

The argument is similar to the one recently surrounding men's screening for prostate cancer. Several studies have suggested that complications from false positives and biopsies in PSA prostate-specific antigen screening outweigh the potential benefits of the procedure. The government panel has not produced general guidelines for prostate testing. The cancer society and institute simply recommend that men consult with their doctors about the potential value of the test.

That, in effect, is also what the panel is suggesting for mammograms. Preventive Services Task Force was established by the U. Public Health Service in to assess the value of preventive medical techniques, such as mammography. Its recommendations are closely watched and are generally followed by insurance companies and Medicare, but adherence is not mandatory.

The task force issued the new guidelines, an update to its recommendations in the journal Annals of Internal Medicine. Diana Petitti, vice chairwoman of the task force. Breast cancer specialists warned that the new recommendations could undermine advances in detecting and treating breast cancer early.

Mammography "is one screening test that I recommend unequivocally, and would recommend to any woman 40 and over," Dr. Otis W. Brawley, chief medical officer of the cancer society, said in a statement. Brawley said the task force concluded that screening 1, women in their 50s to save one life is worth it, but that screening 1, women in their 40s to save one life is not.

Added Dr. Len Lichtenfeld, the cancer society's deputy medical officer: After a review of the evidence, "We see no reason at this point to alter our guidelines. Early detection is the best tool to prevent deaths, most oncologists agree. The task force also recommends against breast self-examinations, saying teaching women how to perform them doesn't save lives. Instead, experts say, women should make a point of noticing any changes in their breasts in the course of daily activities.

In general, the body is able produce all the cholesterol it needs by synthesizing it in the liver. However, it can also be ingested through food sources such as egg yolks, meat, and dairy products. Overconsumption is the primary cause of elevated cholesterol levels, the consequence of which is multiple associated health risks and a common source of anxiety for many individuals. Cholesterol is only partially water-soluble, which means it cannot dissolve and move through the bloodstream efficiently.

Lipoproteins are specialized spherical proteins that encapsulate cholesterol and provide a soluble means of transportation. LDL can sometimes leave deposits along the artery linings. These deposits, compounded over time, can narrow the arteries and reduce blood flow in a process called atherosclerosis.

HDL can reverse the narrowing process by removing the deposits and delivering them to the liver, where cholesterol will be degraded or recycled. Therefore, it's important to maintain a healthy ratio of LDL and HDL cholesterol to minimize the risk of coronary heart disease.

If your LDL cholesterol is too high, or your HDL cholesterol is too low, consider alternatives to foods high in saturated fat such as oatmeal and other complex carbohydrates that can trap LDL cholesterol and remove it from the body. Healthy eating and regular exercise will help you maintain a proper ratio, as well as numerous additional benefits. Bottom line cholesterol in moderation is healthy and necessary for life. Millions of Americans take Zetia to control their cholesterol, but study results indicate that they maybe at increased risk of heart problems.

In the study, researchers analyzed health records of people who took Zetia, comparing them to people taking a rival drug, Niaspan. Those people on the Merck drug did not see a reduction in their cholesterol build up and were also at a greater statistical risk of suffering a heart attack. Roger Blumenthal, preventive cardiology chief at Johns Hopkins University. Treasury Department claims in an ongoing lawsuit. The Bureau of the Public Debt counters that its process aims to make sure that only the legal owners of the old bonds are able to redeem them.

Demanding requirements - which can include the Social Security number of long-dead original purchasers for a gift bond - are in place to make sure the money ends up in the right place, the agency said. Anne Adams of Nashville, Tenn. She has spent months trying to recover lost bonds for her daughter and her husband.

In both cases, she said the Treasury Department threw up insurmountable roadblocks to recovering the money. Her husband served in the Marines during the Vietnam War, she said, and had a large portion of his paycheck automatically sent into savings bonds.

Adams said the Treasury Department required copies of the original paycheck stubs in order to track down the lost bonds. The family had no way of getting the old paystubs from the Marines. If she can't find the lost bond or the requested documentation, the Treasury Department doesn't have to send her the money. Joyce Harris, with the Bureau of the Public Debt, said the agency needs to make sure that only the legal owners of the bonds can redeem them.

Several states are suing the federal government, seeking the money back on behalf of their residents. Montana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Missouri argue states are the legal repository for lost funds, and already have a system in place that makes it easy for people to reconnect with lost money. The federal government counters that the money isn't really lost. But Harris said older records were not computerized.

And she noted earlier bonds were often bought with just names, and not listed under a Social Security number that can facilitate a computer search. Tom Boergadine of St. Louis said he has been trying to help his wife Gail track down a bond purchased in But he said the Treasury Department has been of little help, especially after it became clear the Internet search site was of no use to them.

The relatively small sums of the bonds prompted many families to simply forget about them as time went on. The bonds date back to the unprecedented bond buying campaign of World War II. Most American families bought at least one bond at the time and many never cashed them in - thanks in part to a year maturity in the bonds. And those same "Series E" war bonds continued to be sold by the federal government until Not everyone holding old, unredeemed bonds favors the lawsuit, which would transfer the money to the states.

The California resident who lives north of San Francisco says she doesn't trust the state - caught in a financial meltdown - with the money. Giusti said the couple may simply pass the bonds on, unredeemed, to their grandchildren so they can be used later. The veterans also want the director and employees of that department to be required to have had honorable discharges.

About a dozen legislators joined Republican gubernatorial candidate and Senate Majority Leader Dave Knudson on 14 NOV in signing a pledge to split off Veterans Affairs from the state Department of Military Affairs and staff it only with people with honorable discharges. Legislators also agreed to support feasibility studies for an East River state veterans home and a state or national cemetery, and they promised to continue to support veterans preference in public, state and federal employment.

But no study has been done. This year we recommend a resolution to mandate a study," Brenden said. The pledge that legislators and gubernatorial candidates were asked to sign, which will be offered at three other events around the state, is a good voting guide to those veterans, he said. With the pledge, "we're telling them, 'This is how this guy feels about veterans,' " Barg said. You're on our side, or you aren't with us.

Twenty-seven states have separate Veterans Affairs Departments, and 17 states group Veterans Affairs with a department other than Military Affairs, according to Murphy. Two Harvard medical researchers analyzed data, comparing U. All of the veterans surveyed were under the age of The study was released to coincide with the Veterans Day holiday, when those who died fighting overseas are honored and recognized.

It clearly indicates that in spite of care from the Veterans Administration, many American veterans remain without coverage. The AFP report states that the analysis utilized census data to determine how many U. He said the veterans represent a group of about 1. Along with co-author Stephanie Woolhandler, who is also a Harvard medical professor, Himmelstein compared that figure with an additional study that examined the mortality rate that accompanies a lack of health insurance.

Putting that all together you get an estimate of almost 2, -- 2, veterans who die each year from lack of health insurance. It is not clear how the study will affect the US Senate's decision on health care reform legislation. In the end, Himmelstein is clear that even current congressional proposals would still leave veterans out in the cold in terms of healthcare coverage.

He says in the AFP article that he favors a national health care program similar to those in Britain and Canada. Even a reporter should be smart enough to realize that you can't derive a precise number like 2, from hazy ones like "about 1. The bill is now headed to the Senate for debate that is likely to result in major changes in the bill.

Specifically, Buyer said he opposes H. Democratic leaders, including the three committee chairman responsible for preparing H. According to the report, the figure represents about It is unclear whether fraud is actually worsening because much of the increase in possible fraud over the last year is due to changes in HHS methodologies.

During that time, officials did not consider a payment improper if it lacked complete documentation or if the provider's signature was illegible -- even though these factors typically bar payment. Critics said that fraud figures during that period therefore were understated. For FY , the Obama administration did count those claims as improper, but a complete tally could not be tabulated based on the new methodology.

Using the new formula, the report officially lists a partial improper payment tally of 7. The federal government is hoping to reduce improper payments in the program to 9. The report also found that 9. President Obama is expected to announce new efforts to crack down on Medicare fraud, including a government Web site to provide a more comprehensive account of health care spending.

CMS also is launching its own Web site next month that will allow users to track Medicare payments by state, diagnosis and hospital. CMS is coming under scrutiny because of records indicating that for three years, it ignored internal watchdog warnings of fraud in several programs. The records were provided to the press by Sen. Confusing the issue for many beneficiaries has been an e-mail being passed among military retirees that warns falsely that the Congressional Budget Office has drafted legislation to attach new fees to Tricare for Life, the prized insurance supplement relied on by Medicare-eligible retirees.

The e-mail is filled with misinformation. CBO has no authority to draft legislation.

Wasco County, Oregon Genealogy and History.

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Catering ambrose bettingen Galvin; Farmer and Dairyman Publishing House; Transcribed by GT Catering ambrose bettingen Blakeley, George Clarence George Clarence Blakeley, a pharmacist of state-wide repute, enjoys the distinction restaurant bettingen ambros being the oldest established druggist in The Dalles, which for more than forty years has numbered him among its useful and influential citizens. I apologize to no one for having put a hold on this bill for a very good reason. In the family of Mr. In he was elected sheriff and served for two years, thoroughly justifying the trust reposed in him. McClure, Jr. Two years later he became presiding elder of the Portland district. Healthy eating and regular exercise will help you maintain a proper ratio, as well as numerous additional benefits.
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In a broader sense, it is dedicated to all those early-day pioneers, of whom Captain and Mrs. Blakeley were typical; those pathfinders who blazed the trail to Oregon, enduring the hazards and hardships of frontier life while they builded the foundations of the state, and the fruits of whose labors we of later generations enjoy. Mayor, as a representative of the city of Brownsville, a deed to the monument and the plot of ground upon which it stands, that the people of this historic town may have and hold it as theirs forever.

It represents an expression of one of the fundamental principles of American citizenship. The great nations of the past have risen in prominence and influence, flourished for a period and passed into a decline. The beginning of this decline may invariably be traced to the loss of the patriotic spirit that predominated during the period of the nation's ascendancy.

Just as long as expressions of this nature are in evidence we may rest assured that the spark of patriotism that in times of national peril has been the impelling force to call to the defense of the native land the flower of our sturdy manhood, needs but the call of necessity to fan to the flame that has assembled the mighty armies that have decisively repelled the invader, overwhelmingly put down internal opposition and emerged in triumph from an effort to end a struggle in which civilization itself was threatened.

During the course of years it had grown and developed, attaining the fullness of its sturdiness and splendor. In the strength of its fiber it withstood the storms of the succeeding seasons. In its allotted time strength declined; this, the peer of the forest, bowed before the grim reaper, and the spot upon which it had stood gave no evidence of a former greatness.

During the period of its strength and vigor, in accordance with nature's plan, acorns had fallen from its branches, and in passing, the sturdy oak left behind a young and vigorous forest that gave mute testimony that a predecessor had fulfilled its destiny.

The power of this republic does not lie in the accomplishment of a few supermen, but rather in the steadfastness, loyalty and patriotism of the men and women who take up the every-day tasks of existence. Blakeley obtained his rudimentary instruction and was next a pupil in the public schools of Brownsville. He attended Albany College for a year and for three years was a student at the Oregon Agricultural College in Corvallis. Entering the educational field, he became a teacher in the public schools of Brownsville and was made principal, filling the position for three years.

For six years he represented the firm in that capacity and then went to Canada, spending a year in Victoria, British Columbia. In he returned to Oregon, locating at The Dalles, and in May of that year entered the employ of R. Hood, a local druggist. In January, , Mr. Blakeley purchased the business, of which he has since been the owner. He carries a full line of drugs and medical supplies and the filling of prescriptions is one of the chief features of his establishment, which is not a cafeteria and soda fountain pharmacy.

It is known as the Rexall Drug Store, whose trade exceeds the boundaries of the city, extending into the surrounding country. Enterprising, efficient and thoroughly reliable, Mr. Blakeley has won and retained a position of leadership in local drug circles and is also an astute financier. In he aided in organizing the Wasco County Bank and was elected president of the institution, which is capitalized at one hundred thousand dollars and occupies an imposing building on East Second street.

Blakeley is likewise a successful fruit grower and has a valuable cherry orchard of thirty acres. The ranch is located near The Dalles and irrigated with water from the city. Blakeley was married January 29, , to Miss Mary T. The family went to San Francisco, California, by the water route, making the voyage around Cape Horn, and in came to Oregon. For an extended period Mr. Gorman was engaged in the transfer business in Portland and his demise occurred in the Rose City in , when he had reached the advanced age of ninety-seven years.

Of the children born to Mr. Gorman, two are now living: Mrs. Blakeley, and Mrs. Margaret Ordahl, a resident of Portland. As one of the councilmen of The Dalles, Mr. Blakeley was instrumental in securing for the municipality needed reforms and improvements and is always ready to serve his community to the extent of his ability. When he became county judge of Wasco and Hood River counties the public funds were depleted and there was an indebtedness of two hundred thousand dollars.

For eight years he was the incumbent of the office and during that period removed this burden of debt from the counties without increasing the taxation. During the World war he was chairman for four years of the committee in charge of the Red Cross activities in Wasco, Sherman, Wheeler and Gilliam counties and succeeded in raising a large amount of money for the organization.

Blakeley joined the Masonic order, with which his father was also affiliated, and has attained the thirty-second degree in the Scottish Rite Consistory. He is a past master of the blue lodge, past high priest of the chapter and past eminent commander of the commandery.

For a year Mr. Blakeley was the executive head of the Rexall Club, an international association, which draws its members from the United States, Canada and Great Britain. He was the first president of the club elected west of the Rockies and on his retirement from the office in was presented with a handsome watch, suitably inscribed, as a testimonial of appreciation of his services.

Blakeley was the second president of the Oregon Pharmaceutical Association and served for fifteen years on the state board of pharmacy. In addition to his attractive residence in The Dalles, he has a fine home at Seaside, where he spends a portion of each summer, and is one of the disciples of Izaak Walton. He is also a devotee of golf and an expert player. Worthy motives and high principles have actuated Mr. Blakeley at all points in his career and throughout eastern Oregon he is admired and respected.

Blakeney, who was among the first settlers of Wasco county, performed his full part in the drama of early civilization here, and to a marked degree commanded the confidence and respect of his fellowmen. He was there reared and educated and in the early '40s went to Illinois, where he engaged in farming. In he sold out there and, with a good outfit, including ox teams and covered wagons, started on the long journey across the plains to Oregon.

The party was well provisioned at the start, but, owing to their generosity in sharing their food with other less fortunate than themselves, ran short and Mr. Blakeney paid as much as a dollar each for biscuits for himself and family. They arrived in Oregon in the late fall of , and proceeded on to Cowlitz county, Washington, where he took up a homestead. They lived there until , when he sold out and came to The Dalles, Oregon, bringing the furniture and household goods, as well as twenty-five head of cattle, on a scow from the Cowlitz river to the lower Cascades.

They transported their stuff above the Cascades and there took a steamer to The Dalles. For several years Mr. Blakeney ran a pack train from The Dalles to the mines in eastern Oregon, in which he met with success, and later established a livery stable and draying business in The Dalles, which he conducted to the time of his death, February 20, His wife died in In December, , in Illinois, Mr. Blakeney was married to Miss Nancy Phelps, who was born in Danville, Vermillion county, Illinois, September 8, , and they became the parents of six children, namely: Hugh T.

Blakeney was a man of sterling character, energetic methods and sound judgment and during his active career took a deep interest in the progress and development of his city and community. Emma J. Blakeney was educated in the public schools at The Dalles and remained at home until her marriage, June 21, , to William T. McClure, who was born in Missouri, April 18, He came to Wasco county with his family in an early day and as soon as old enough took up a preemption claim of one hundred and sixty acres, about four and a half miles east of Mosier.

His father and brother also took claims in the same district and were the second family to settle in that locality. McClure's land was partly covered with oak grubs, which he cleared off and, after building a good house, he engaged in farming, raising grain, hay, cattle and horses. He was successful in his operations and later bought sixty additional acres, a part of the Nathan Morris donation claim.

This was good bottom land and on it he raised bountiful crops of alfalfa and potatoes, as well as asparagus. He was energetic and progressive in his methods and devoted himself closely to the operation of the farm to the time of his death, on March 13, To Mr. McClure were born six children: Mrs. Josephine Evans, who lives in Portland, Oregon, and is the mother of four children, Mrs.

Mabel Miller, Mrs. Blanche Durham, Robert M. Jessie A. Pearl Ellis, of Portland. McClure was a Mason and was a man of fine public spirit, taking an active interest in everything affecting the welfare of his community. He was particularly interested in educational matters and served for many years either as clerk or a member of the school board. William T. McClure, Jr. He raises good crops of hay and grain and potatoes, has three acres in asparagus, and also has a nice herd of dairy cows, a number of hogs and a large number of chickens.

The McClure homestead, which is located midway between Hood River and The Dalles, on the famous Columbia River highway, is finely situated, commanding a magnificent view of the majestic river, and is regarded as one of the best farms in this section of the valley.

McClure and his mother are kindly and hospitable, give their earnest support to all local interests of value to the locality, and throughout the community are held in the highest esteem. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Bolton, Grifford Virgil An interesting story of earnest endeavor, intelligently directed, constitutes the life record of Grifford Virgil Bolton, who was for many years actively and prominently associated with banking interests of The Dalles.

Moreover, he was a native son of Oregon and throughout his life was a supporter of all the well devised plans and measures for the upbuilding of his city and state. Both were natives of Virginia and representatives of old families of that state. At an early day they journeyed westward to become residents of Oregon and took up their abode on a farm in the vicinity of The Dalles on Fifteen Mile creek, where occurred the birth of their son Virgil.

He first served in a clerical capacity but bent every energy toward acquainting himself with the banking business in principle and detail and his thoroughness, his industry and loyalty won him promotions from time to time until he soon became cashier and one of the chief executive officers of the institution.

He continued to hold that position until his death, which occurred on the 7th of March, , when he was but thirty-two years of age. Although he passed away at a comparatively early age he had accomplished much more than many a man of twice his years. He had made for himself a most creditable position in financial circles, enjoying an unassailable reputation for business integrity as well as enterprise.

On the 28th of March, , Mr. Bolton was united in marriage to Miss Nellie J. French and they became the parents of two daughters: Carmel French, who is now the wife of Frank A. Ryder of Portland: and Nonearle French, who is at home with her mother.

Bolton was always keenly interested in public affairs at The Dalles and recognition of his public spirit and his devotion to the general good was manifest in his election to the mayoralty. He belonged to the Masonic fraternity of which he was an exemplary representative and his entire life was characterized by those qualities which in every land and clime awaken confidence and respect.

His widow is now living at Alexandra Court, in Portland and is well known in the best circles of the Rose City. Married June 25, , to Agnes L. Educated at the common schools of Lafayette, Ore. Louis, Mo. Admitted to the Supreme Court of Oregon in Practiced law in Yamhill County until , when he removed to The Dalles and practiced his profession until May , when he was appointed Judge of Seventh Judicial District of Oregon, and has served ever since.

Member K. Thirty-six years of his life have been spent in Wasco county, which numbers him among its foremost agriculturists, and his activities have also been of benefit to The Dalles. There were seven children in the family, and Thomas Brogan is the only one now living.

He was reared on his father's farm and received a limited education. Leaving home when a boy of twelve, he came to the United States alone in and obtained work in the coal mines of Pennsylvania. In he went to Liverpool, England, and for six months was on a sailing vessel bound for Australia. He landed in Melbourne, but soon after made the voyage to New Zealand, and was there engaged in mining for five years, developing a claim which yielded considerable gold.

Brogan then returned to Australia and devoted his attention to the sheep and cattle business. He also took contracts for the construction of buildings and roads and prospered in all of his ventures. In he disposed of his business in Australia and returned to the United States, identifying his interests with those of the Pacific northwest. He purchased a large ranch in Wasco county and devoted his energies to the cultivation of the soil and the raising of livestock.

Success attended his well directed labors and from time to time he increased his holdings, which now comprise sixteen thousand acres of land in Wasco county. He is the largest individual landowner in the county, and runs about four thousand head of sheep and a large band of cattle, but the management of the place is now intrusted to his son, John Brogan.

The father's various ranches are improved with good buildings and contain sixty-seven miles of fencing. The work is facilitated by modern equipment and the most advanced methods are utilized in cultivating the land and caring for the stock. Brogan puts up six hundred tons of hay and alfalfa each year, and all of the grain and hay grown on the land is fed to the stock. In he moved to The Dalles, purchasing a desirable home on Webster street, and also owns several lots in the city.

He is the largest stockholder of the Citizens National Bank of The Dalles, of which he was one of the organizers, but has steadfastly refused to become an officer of the institution, feeling that the preference should be given to a younger man. Collopy, who was born in that country.

Her parents, William and Elizabeth O'Brien Collopy, were natives of Ireland and became pioneer settlers of New Zealand, in which they spent the remainder of their lives. The father followed agricultural pursuits and was a prosperous stock raiser. Collopy were born twelve children and three are now living: Bridget M. Brogan became the parents of twelve children, six of whom survive. Mary was born in New Zealand and has remained at home.

Bridget, also a native of New Zealand, became the wife of J. Robinson and has a daughter, Lillian, who is now Mrs. Ned Wyke of Portland, Oregon. John was born in New Zealand, and resides in Antelope, Oregon. Susan is likewise a native of New Zealand, and has become the wife of Frank Weiss. Katherine was born in Wasco county, and is part owner of a greenhouse at The Dalles. Frances Grace, also a native of Wasco county, is now Mrs.

John Becker. She resides in Woodburn and is the mother of one child, Thomas Joseph Becker. For more than a half century Mr. Brogan have journeyed together through life and in they celebrated their golden wedding anniversary. On that happy occasion a banquet was held at Hotel Dalles and there Mr. Brogan entertained about forty friends, from whom they received many beautiful gifts as well as congratulations.

Among the treasured possessions of Mr. Brogan is a rare onyx clock, tendered him by the premier of New Zealand and several of his most intimate friends at the time of his departure for the United States. Brogan exercises his right of franchise in support of the candidates and tenets of the republican party, and his public spirit has been demonstrated by effective work in behalf of good roads and schools. His has been a picturesque career, replete with interesting experiences. He enjoys life and is esteemed for the qualities to which he owes his success.

In May, , Mr. Brogan with Katherine and Frances, took a trip to Ireland, revisiting the old home. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Browne, Dr. He is now a successful chiropractor of The Dalles, where he is accorded a liberal patronage. His parents were Christopher C. The Brownes were of old Pennsylvania stock and the great-grandfather of the Doctor became a pioneer of Missouri. The Mason family came from New England ancestry and were pioneers of Indiana. Christopher C. Browne removed with his family to Oregon when his son Daniel was but a small boy and settled in Salem.

The latter acquired his preliminary education in the public schools of Salem and afterward pursued an academic course at Dallas, while his professional training was received in the Pacific Chiropractic College at Portland. Following his graduation he took up active professional work in that city and there remained from until During his stay in Portland he was for three years secretary of the Oregon Chiropractic Association and published a magazine called The Drugless Review, devoted to the school of healing which he represents.

He was one of a committee appointed to draft a bill legalizing the practice of chiropractic, which was passed by the legislature in His work in that connection required so much of his time that he was forced to permit The Drugless Review to die just as it was getting on a paying basis. This unselfishness on his part is but an index of the character of the man. In Dr. Ingram, who had built up an extensive business in The Dalles, invited Dr. Browne was united in marriage to Miss Almona R.

Daniels, a daughter of Francis M. Daniels, who was a merchant. They have one child, Elizabeth, a student in the Junior high school in The Dalles. Fraternally Dr. Browne is connected with the Elks and with the Knights of Pythias. He holds to the higest standards in his profession and his ability and enterprise have brought him prominently to the front.

Robert R. Butler, a member of one of the leading law firms of The Dalles, has become well known through his service as circuit judge, as state senator, and as one of the political leaders of Oregon. He was born September 24, , in Johnson county, Tennessee, and is a son of Dr. William H. One of Mr. Butler's ancestors figured prominently in events which shaped the early history of Johnson county and the town of Butler was named in his honor.

Colonel Roderick Randon Butler, the father of Dr. William R. Grayson, the maternal grandfather of Robert H. Butler, was also a gallant officer in the Union army and rose to the rank of colonel. Butler received the M. He is a physician of high standing and draws his patients from a wide area.

To Dr. Butler were born ten children: Mrs. Baker, who lives in the state of Washington; Robert R. Sproles, who resides in North Carolina; C. James Rivers, of North Carolina. Butler was reared in the town of Butler, which has been the home of the family for generations, and supplemented his public school training by attendance at the Holly Spring College. He received the degree of LL. For three years he followed his profession at Mountain City, Tennessee, and in came to Oregon, locating in Condon, Gilliam county, where he practiced for five years.

His legal acumen led to his election to the bench and during and he was circuit judge of Sherman, Wheeler and Gilliam counties. To each case brought before his tribunal he gave deep thought and study and the justice of his rulings proved his moral worth. As mayor of Condon he also made an excellent record and since has been a resident of The Dalles. He has a comprehensive knowledge of law and displays marked skill in its exposition. In he formed a partnership with Samuel E. Van Vactor, who is the senior member of the firm, and a large and important clientele denotes the confidence reposed in their ability as advocates and counselors.

Butler was married in and has a daughter, Elizabeth Annabel. She was born at The Dalles, June 30, , and is attending St. Helen's Hall in Portland, Oregon. A power in the ranks of the republican party, Mr. Butler was chosen presidential elector-at-large and in was made messenger to Washington, D. In he was elected state senator without opposition and from until was a member of that law-making body. In he again became presidential elector for Oregon and in was recalled to the office of state senator.

He served from until and exerted his influence in behalf of all constructive legislation. Butler is a Kiwanian and a past chancellor of the Knights of Pythias. His well developed powers have brought him to the front in his profession and the firmness, frankness and strength of his character have established him high in public regard. His paternal grandfather was a native of Virginia and the family were among the early pioneers of Illinois.

The Coy family was of Quaker stock and numbered among the earliest residents of Pennsylvania. In Polk Butler removed with his family to Oregon, settling at Dufur, Wasco county, at which time Roy was a lad of but four years. He acquired his education in the graded schools of Dufur and in the high school at The Dalles. When quite young he entered into the mercantile business as a clerk in a general store at Boyd, Wasco county, and afterward turned his attention to ranching on Eight Mile creek, where he secured four hundred and forty acres, on which he planted an orchard and also engaged in raising cattle for the next ten years.

He likewise became interested in the mercantile business at Boyd during the same period. Butler was elected to the office of county commissioner and occupied that position for four years. In the meantime he took up his residence at The Dalles and upon the expiration of his term as commissioner he established the insurance agency which he still conducts.

He is the representative of the Oregon Fire Relief Association for the district which embraces the counties of Morrow, Gilliam, Wasco, Hood River and Sherman and has placed his company upon a sound basis in this territory, having developed a business of gratifying and substantial proportions. Butler was married to Miss Ethel Southern, a daughter of C. Southern, a pioneer farmer of Wasco county.

They have two children: Melva May and Roy Dale, both high school pupils. Butler has a sister, Mrs. Edward Griffin, of Wasco county, and two brothers: the Rev. Butler, a missionary in South Africa and E. Butler, living at The Dalles. Butler gives his political allegiance to the democratic party, yet he cannot be said to be a politician in the sense of office seeking.

The only public office he has filled besides that of county commissioner was that of postmaster at Boyd. He is an active member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and has filled all of the chairs in the local organization.

The Butler family has long been represented in Oregon, for Roy D. Butler is a nephew of Daniel Butler, who came to this state in the '40s and is frequently mentioned in history as one of the founders of the state and as a fearless Indian fighter. Under other conditions Roy D. Butler is just as loyal to the best interests of Oregon and is justly accounted one of the representative citizens of The Dalles.

Collector of Internal Revenue for the District and State of Oregon, is one of those quiet, unassuming gentlemen, whom we sometimes meet in the walks of public life, and realize the fact that in his case at least the office has sought the man, not the man the office, as is too generally the case. He is a native of Michigan and was born in He came to Oregon in and read law with Hon. Wilson, afterwards Representative in Congress from this State.

He was admitted to the bar in and opened an office at Salem. He was a member of the House from Marion County in , and in was elected State Senator from the same county. In he received the appointment of United States District Attorney. At the expiration of his term of service in this capacity in , owing to failing health, he removed to Eastern Washington Territory, and there engaged in the stock business until , when he moved to The Dalles, and, in partnership with Hon.

Dunbar, resumed the practice of law. In he was elected Presidential Elector on the Republican ticket and was a participant in the memorable Electoral College of that year, when poor Cronin - peace to his ashes - was so prominent a factor, and when Oregon's vote elected President Hayes. In May, , he received his present appointment. Cartwright is a gentleman who is highly esteemed by all who know him and is regarded as a man of sterling integrity. He is tall and spare built, smooth face, save the mustache, sharp features, clear peaceful eye, and black hair.

He is a warm personal friend and one that never forgets a favor. He is courteous, genial and generous. As a public officer, he is attentive and obliging and in every way efficient. Helm, of the M. Team] Cates, Daniel L. Conscientious and efficient, Daniel L.

Cates has thoroughly demonstrated his worth as a public servant and for eleven years has been city recorder of The Dalles. He is a loyal Oregonian and a member of one of the honored, pioneer families of the state. The following account of his career was written by Fred Lockley and published in the Oregon Journal under date of November 29, 'I was born in a log cabin on the Long Tom, near Starr's Point, in Benton county, May 7, ,' said Mr.

His father's name was Alexander Cates. His mother's maiden name was Nancy Phipps and she was also a Kentuckian. My father left the Blue Grass state in , when he was nineteen years of age, and went to Missouri with an uncle, John Newton. She was a daughter of Daniel Grice, who went from that state to Kentucky and later located in Linn county, Missouri. Father and his brother-in-law, Daniel Grice, built houses.

In those days all lumber, including the flooring, was dressed by hand. Father had taken up a place in Linn county and in addition to working at his trade, raised corn and tobacco. Flournoy and his relatives. They took the usual emigrant route during the first part of the trip and went by way of the cut-off to Fort Hall. The Nemaha river was crossed on rafts built by members of the party and at Salt creek they were detained for two days.

There were few accidents on the trip, though in the early part of it an exciting incident occurred in the Pawnee country. One morning a man came riding toward them at top speed on a fine grey horse and warned them of Indians who had attacked a train in advance of them. Three parties of emigrants had left Missouri at about the same time, the Flournoy train, the one attacked by Indians and what was called the Ohio train. The last consisted of forty men without a woman or child among them.

There were two Indians in sight in an elevated position, signaling to the band that led in the attack and informing them of the movements of the whites. The Ohio train rushed in from the rear on horseback and soon reached the Indians. The wagons of the Flournoy train were placed in a double row and the party advanced as rapidly as possible. After robbing the women of their jewelry and taking as much food and clothing as they could lay hands on, the Indians escaped and no one was injured.

The Flournoy train followed the route to the crossing of the Portneuf, which runs into the Snake river, and then traveled to the south, crossing the Raft river. As they followed its course they came to that remarkable creation of nature, the Thousand Spring valley, containing those famous soda springs which vary in temperature from boiling hot to ice cold and which cover an area of several square miles.

Proceeding through what was afterwards called the Landers cut-off, they came out on the Green river and followed its course to St. Mary's river. After passing the three Humboldt lakes they 1 were warned by a note tacked up by the roadside of danger from Indians. Two men had been killed and a little farther on the body of an Indian was found lying in the road.

At the foot of the last lake two roads separate, one leading to the Carson river and the other to the Truckee river. The party followed the Truckee road and about September 17, , camped where the Donner party endured their sufferings and where some met their tragic deaths in They could see plainly where the trees had been cut down and limbs cut off of others ten or twelve feet above the ground, showing how deep the snow must have been when they camped on it.

Later he took up a claim on Poor Man creek, finding dirt which paid him thirty dollars a day with pick and pan. After working the claim for a month the heavy snow drove him out and he went back to Nevada City, where he spent the winter. Next spring he found a claim from which. In company with three other miners he engaged in prospecting on Kanaha creek. They struck a claim where they took out fifty dollars a day.

As soon as their grub was gone they went back to Nevada City and brought out twelve hundred pounds of supplies on seven pack horses. They found their claim had been jumped, so they struck out down the creek and struck another claim even richer than the first. On July 4, , the four of them took out over six hundred dollars. They averaged about one hundred dollars a day. My father's partners became dissatisfied and thought they could find a richer ground, so he bought them out and worked the claim until late in the fall of Downieville, the nearest post office, was twelve miles distant by mountain trail.

He worked on a hotel and was paid ten dollars a day. After the hotel was built he went to Sacramento and from there to San Francisco, where he bought a ticket for Panama. He had to pay sixteen dollars for the use of a mule to ride twenty-six miles across the isthmus to connect with a boat. After he had ridden about two-thirds of the way he overtook a miner, who offered him eight dollars for the use of the mule for the remaining eight miles, so father walked the rest of the way.

He had to pay a fare of ten dollars on a rowboat which took him to the Atlantic side of the isthmus. The natives were having a revolution and told the Californians to keep off the streets so they wouldn't get hurt. However, the Americans wanted to see what was going on, so one of them was killed, as well as a number of natives.

The American consul sent out to the Cherokee and Ohio, which were anchored in the stream, and got a brass six-pounder and an iron cannon. He put these so he could sweep the street and told the natives that if they fought any more or killed any more Americans he would turn the cannon loose, so they decided to quit fighting.

He bought a steerage ticket for New York for fifty dollars. The first cabin ticket was seventy-five dollars. After he got on the boat he paid the purser five dollars extra to sit at the first cabin table and have a cabin like the first class passengers. The Ohio was a sidewheeler and there were about two hundred returning gold miners aboard. At Havana they transferred to the Georgia for New Orleans. In the Crescent city he paid sixteen dollars for a ticket to St.

Louis and made the trip of about twelve-hundred miles on the Patrick Henry. At St. Louis he took passage on a small boat called the Lewis F. Linn, for Brunswick, the great tobacco trading point on the Missouri, traveling with Washington Leach, who had been his companion in the mines of California and on the returning sea voyage. At Brunswick he hired a rig to drive to Linneus, where he had left mother. When he arrived there he found that his father-in-law had sold out and that mother had gone to Jive with Uncle Newton.

He hired a man to drive him out to the Newton place. He bought a house and lot for three hundred dollars and got a job as carpenter at a dollar and a quarter a day. In the party were father's cousin, Ambrose Newton, who brought his wife and three children. He had two wagons, with four yoke of oxen to each, and was accompanied by three young men, who came along to work for their board.

Father had one wagon, three yoke of oxen and two cows. In his wagon were himself, mother, Sarah, the baby, and a young man named Washington Ward, who went along to work for his hoard. The members of the train chose father as their captain because of his previous experience in crossing the plains. The emigrants drove to St. Joseph, Missouri, and thence up the river, which they crossed at Council Bluffs. They took the south side of the Platte. A large party of Pawnee Indians accompanied them almost to Ash Hollow.

There my father and Mr. Wiley went on a hunting expedition. Father killed a big buffalo and they loaded their horses with meat. When they were hunting a hail storm came up which was so severe that the cattle couldn't face it. They turned around and drifted with the storm. On the Bear river in Utah six saddle horses were stolen. Father lost a good horse. He said that when he and Fowler were looking for the horses they met an Indian on a cayuse,while his squaw was mounted on a big roan horse. Father had a rifle with inlaid silver work and the Indian tried to take it.

Father pulled out his Colt revolver and the Indian changed his mind, and the last father saw of him and the squaw they were making their horses go as fast as they could. The next day the party arrived at Steamboat Springs, where an Englishman had a trading station. After crossing the Malheur river they went down the Snake and struck Burnt river at a point where Huntington was afterward built. They passed through the Powder River valley below the place where Baker City is now located and there father suffered from blood poisoning, which endangered his life.

After coming into the Grande Ronde valley they passed Medical lake and in the Blue mountains stayed over night at Lee's encampment, now Bingham Springs. Then they proceeded down the Wild Horse through what is now the Umatilla Indian reservation, finding Indians there who were raising corn and potatoes. After reaching Deschutes they made their way down Ten-Mile creek and thence to Tygh valley. They passed through the Barlow tollgate and down Laurel Hill, soon afterward coming to the Big Sandy valley.

On September 9 they reached Foster's famous ranch and on the 11th crossed the Willamette at Portland on a capstan and two horses. In father and Fred Flora took a contract to get out timbers and build a barn for Captain Doty in Yamhill county. Father next built a granary for Mr. McLeod on Tualatin plains. They paid him seven dollars a day and he took his pay in flour, which he sold in Portland. From Tualatin plains he moved to the Long Tom, in Beaten county, where he bought, for three hundred dollars, a quarter section.

Forty acres of the tract had been fenced and there was a good house on the place. Father bought a land entry of one hundred and sixty acres for one hundred and twenty dollars and took up the adjoining quarter section. The first loom on the Long Tom was constructed by father, who built it for Mrs. He was paid forty dollars for the job. Ferguson wove homespun cloth. He bought a new wagon, a span of mules and ninety head of cattle.

He hired John Florence to drive the stock over the Barlow trail to the Dennis Maloney place, near the present site of Dufur. Father traded our place to Mrs. Upton for two large mares, Pet and Pigeon. Afterward father moved to Eight-Mile creek, purchasing a farm from "Big Steve" Edwards, and there mother died in the fall of , leaving two sons and two daughters, one a baby less than a year old.

The hard winter of nearly wiped father off the map financially. He had only thirty head of stock left when the snow went off in the spring. Susan Griffin, my mother's sister, died shortly alter we children went there. Father and Fred Flora had started in the spring of with a herd of cattle for the Orofino mines in Idaho.

My sister did the housework. When J. Broadwell bought the place my sister Sarah and I stayed with him for two years. My brother Willie went to Idaho with my father, who purchased a mine in the Boise basin and later moved to Rocky Bar, in Alturas county, that state.

He was absent two years and brought home fourteen hundred dollars. He built a mill on Fifteen-Mile creek near the Meadows, also owning a mill on the Columbia, opposite Wind river, and this he later sold to Joseph T. While operating the plant he built a small steamboat to handle the lumber. After disposing of his mills father worked for a time at his trade and aided in constructing the shoe factory in North Dalles. In father married Mrs. Elizabeth Herbert, a widow, who had two children: Mrs.

Jane Sherer, deceased; and George A. Herbert, now a resident of Baker, Oregon. The mother of these children passed away at The Dalles and father's death occurred at Cascade Locks, Oregon, in My sister Sarah, the oldest of the family, was born in Missouri in On May 10, , she became the wife of William Frizzell, and her demise occurred in at Cascade Locks.

My brother William was born in Benton county, Oregon, in and is now living in Oakland, California. I was the third child and my full name is Daniel Lycurgus Cates. My sister Susan was born February 14, , in Wasco county, Oregon. She became the wife of W.

Wilson, a well known attorney of Portland, Oregon, and died February 14, Cates attended the public schools at The Dalles and one of his instructors was Professor S. From until he was in the employ of his father, who at that time was operating a saw mill above Cascade Locks, where the town of Wyeth is now located.

His lumber yard at The Dalles was managed by Daniel L. Cates, who afterward became a bookkeeper for John H. Larsen, a dealer in wool and hides. Cates remained until , when he was appointed a deputy under George Herbert, sheriff of Wasco county, and acted in that capacity for four years.

In he was elected sheriff and served for two years, thoroughly justifying the trust reposed in him. In August, , he located at Cascade Locks, opening a general store, which he conducted during the construction of the locks. About five hundred men were at work and in the locks were completed by J. At that time Mr. Cates disposed of the business and established a drug store, of which he was the proprietor for two years.

Crossing the Columbia river, he purchased a tract of three hundred and twenty acres in Skamania county, Washington, and applied himself to the task of clearing the land. He cut down the timber, which he sawed into logs, and disposed of them at a good figure.

A few years later he sold the ranch and in November, , returned to The Dalles. Prosperity had attended his various undertakings and for a time he lived retired. In he was prevailed upon to reenter the arena of public affairs and has since been city recorder. His duties are discharged with characteristic thoroughness and fidelity and his continued retention in the office proves that his services are appreciated. On October 9, , Mr.

Cates is the ninth in line of descent from Jan Stryker, who was born in Holland in and emigrated from Ruinen, a village in the province of Drenthe, with his wife, two sons and four daughters, arriving at New Amsterdam in The mother of these children was Lambertje Seubering, who died several years after the family came to America. She survived her husband, who was a man of prominence in colonial days.

In he was elected chief magistrate of Midworet and according to the Colonial History of New York" he was a member of the embassy sent from New Amsterdam to the lord mayors in Holland. The history also states that he became a representative in the general assembly on April 10, , a member of the Hempstead convention of , and was commissioned captain of a military company on October 25, His brother, who also came to this country, was named Jacobus Garretsen Stryker.

Jan Stryker and his first wife had a large family. She died June 17, , and his demise occurred June 11, He was high sheriff of Kings county, Long Island; judge of the court from until , and was made captain of a foot company in On June 1, , he purchased four thousand acres of land on Millstone river in Somerset county, New Jersey.

It does not appear that he ever lived on this property but his sons, Jacob and Barends, and his grandsons, the four sons of Jan, removed from Flatbush to New Jersey. Pieter and Annetje Barends Stryker had eleven children. Jan Stryker, their third child, was born August 6, , and in married Margarita Schenck.

She was baptized June 2, , and married February 17, Her death occurred July 15, , and her husband passed away August 17, He was a member of the Kings County militia. Jan Stryker had nine children by his first wife and five by the second. Pieter Stryker, the eldest child of his first wife, was born September 14, , at Flatbush, Long island, and about married Antje Deremer.

Death summoned him on December 28, He had eleven children by his first wife and one by the second. His son, John Stryker, the eighth child of his first union, was born March 2, , and became captain of the Somerset County militia but was afterwards attached to the state troops. His marriage with Lydia Cornell was solemnized November 13, , and on March 25, , he responded to the final summons. His wife was born March 15, , and died November 4, John and Lydia Cornell Stryker were the parents of ten children.

James I. She was born November 5, , and died about in Cayuga county, New York, while his demise occurred December 14, Their family numbered eight children. Stryker died December 2, , in Vancouver, Washington, and her husband's death occurred in that city on December 21, In their family were four daughters, of whom Alice is the eldest. By her marriage to Daniel L.

Cates she became the mother of four children. The fourth child died in infancy. Cates takes a keen interest in fraternal affairs and is a charter member of The Dalles Lodge of the Knights of Pythias, in which he has filled all of the chairs. In all matters of citizenship he is loyal, progressive and public-spirited and his personal qualities are such as make for popularity. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Chrisman, Levi No public official of Wasco county enjoys a higher reputation than Levi Chrisman, who has served continuously as sheriff for a period of twenty-two years, and represents the third generation of the family in Oregon.

In , when their son Campbell E. Margaret Chrisman there passed away in and her husband remained on the ranch until He then sold the place and came to The Dalles, where he lived retired until his death a few years later. Campbell E. Chrisman was educated in the public schools of Dayton and remained at home until , when he moved to The Dalles. For a time he leased the ranch near Dufur and about purchased the property. He cultivated the farm until and then sold the tract. Returning to The Dalles, he became a dealer in grain and conducted a grocery and a feed store.

Catering to both the wholesale and retail trades, he established a large patronage and continued the business until , when he retired. He served on the school board and manifested a deep interest in matters touching the welfare and progress of his community. Her parents, John E. Her father was a Christian minister and one of the early circuit riders of Oregon, traveling on horseback to isolated districts in order to spread the Gospel.

He passed away early in the '70s and his widow survived him by ten years. The demise of Campbell E. Chrisman occurred May 15, , at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Taylor, a resident of The Dalles, and on February 20, , his widow was called to her final rest. To their union were born seven children.

Lulu, the eldest, was born on the homestead near Dufur and is the widow of Henry Taylor. She has two children: Mrs. Lulu P. Hugh Chrisman is sheriff of Sherman county and has been the incumbent of the office for eight years. Levi is the next of the family and his brother Frank lives in Oakland, California. Emma, the seventh in order of birth, died in infancy. For four years he was a railroad employe and in ventured in business for himself at The Dalles. In partnership with his brother Frank he opened a meat market, which he conducted successfully for sixteen years, also dealing in live stock.

He was elected sheriff of Wasco county on the republican ticket in and his long retention in this office is an eloquent testimonial to the quality of his service. In the discharge of his important duties he is conscientious, efficient and fearless and during his tenure of office the percentage of crime in the country has been appreciably lowered. His record is unsullied and in length of service has never been equaled by any other sheriff in the state.

Chrisman married Miss Edna C. Martin, who was born in Illinois, and died February 13, She had become the mother of five children. Edna, the first born, is the wife of Robert P. Johnson, of Portland, Oregon, and has two daughters, Margaret and Virginia. The other children of Mr. Chrisman are: Mrs.

Neva M. Rasmussen, of Seattle, Washington; Robert, who was admitted to the bar in and is practicing in Wallowa, Oregon; Cecil, who is a junior at the University of Oregon and is preparing to enter the legal profession; and Elsie, who was graduated from the high school at The Dalles and is taking a course in a Portland business college. The children are natives of The Dalles and all have received the benefit of a good education. In the local lodge of the Knights of Pythias he has filled all of the chairs and is also affiliated with the Woodmen of the World and the Benevolent Protective Order of Elks.

He has a wide acquaintance and draws his friends from all walks of life, possessing those qualities which inspire strong and enduring regard. Clarke Publishing Company - ] Clausen, F. Agricultural progress in the Columbia River Valley has received marked impetus from the enterprising spirit and systematic labors of F. Clausen, a pioneer wheat grower of Wasco county and one of its large land owners. Having accumulated a sum more than sufficient for his needs, he is spending the evening of life in ease and comfort and resides in an attractive home at The Dalles.

He was born February 1, , in Kolding, Denmark, and his parents, Nicolai and Karen Clausen, were life-long residents of that country. His father's demise occurred in and the mother long survived him, passing away in They had eight children, four of whom attained years of maturity: F. Clausen received a common school education and laid aside his textbooks at the age of sixteen, as his assistance was needed on the home farm.

His country was engaged in war with Germany, which took the province of Schleswig-Holstein as indemnity from Denmark. The family lived near the boundary line dividing the two countries and two brothers of F. Clausen served in the Danish army. Being unwilling to swear allegiance to Germany, he left his native land and on April 7, , sailed from Hamburg on a vessel which bore him to New York city. He then purchased a ticket for San Francisco, California, and for a period of four years was engaged in dairying near Sacramento.

In partnership with his brother James, he operated a wheat ranch in the Sacramento valley for two years and then decided to migrate to Oregon. Selling his interest in the ranch to his brother, he came to The Dalles in the spring of and soon afterward filed on a homestead on the Deschutes river, twenty miles southeast of the town. He proved up on the land and later secured a timber claim. As fast as his resources permitted Mr.

Clausen increased his holdings and is now the owner of three thousand acres of land in Wasco county. A tract of one thousand acres is devoted to the growing of grain and the balance is used for pasture and stock farming. Endowed with keen powers of discernment, Mr. Clausen was the first man to recognize the fact that grain could be produced in this locality and the old cattle and sheep raisers were averse to the idea, saying that the land could be utilized only for grazing purposes owing to the dryness of the soil.

In he planted his first crop of wheat, which was destroyed by grasshoppers, but the next season he had better luck and in forty-five years of farming has had only one failure. His equipment is up-to-date and the fields are divided by well kept fences. A modern house has been erected on the ranch, which is further improved with substantial barns and other outbuildings. The place is well irrigated and water from the spring is pumped to the house and other buildings. Clausen follows diversified farming and has found that the best results are obtained by summer fallowing.

Brawley said the task force concluded that screening 1, women in their 50s to save one life is worth it, but that screening 1, women in their 40s to save one life is not. Added Dr. Len Lichtenfeld, the cancer society's deputy medical officer: After a review of the evidence, "We see no reason at this point to alter our guidelines. Early detection is the best tool to prevent deaths, most oncologists agree.

The task force also recommends against breast self-examinations, saying teaching women how to perform them doesn't save lives. Instead, experts say, women should make a point of noticing any changes in their breasts in the course of daily activities. In general, the body is able produce all the cholesterol it needs by synthesizing it in the liver. However, it can also be ingested through food sources such as egg yolks, meat, and dairy products. Overconsumption is the primary cause of elevated cholesterol levels, the consequence of which is multiple associated health risks and a common source of anxiety for many individuals.

Cholesterol is only partially water-soluble, which means it cannot dissolve and move through the bloodstream efficiently. Lipoproteins are specialized spherical proteins that encapsulate cholesterol and provide a soluble means of transportation. LDL can sometimes leave deposits along the artery linings. These deposits, compounded over time, can narrow the arteries and reduce blood flow in a process called atherosclerosis.

HDL can reverse the narrowing process by removing the deposits and delivering them to the liver, where cholesterol will be degraded or recycled. Therefore, it's important to maintain a healthy ratio of LDL and HDL cholesterol to minimize the risk of coronary heart disease. If your LDL cholesterol is too high, or your HDL cholesterol is too low, consider alternatives to foods high in saturated fat such as oatmeal and other complex carbohydrates that can trap LDL cholesterol and remove it from the body.

Healthy eating and regular exercise will help you maintain a proper ratio, as well as numerous additional benefits. Bottom line cholesterol in moderation is healthy and necessary for life. Millions of Americans take Zetia to control their cholesterol, but study results indicate that they maybe at increased risk of heart problems. In the study, researchers analyzed health records of people who took Zetia, comparing them to people taking a rival drug, Niaspan.

Those people on the Merck drug did not see a reduction in their cholesterol build up and were also at a greater statistical risk of suffering a heart attack. Roger Blumenthal, preventive cardiology chief at Johns Hopkins University. Treasury Department claims in an ongoing lawsuit. The Bureau of the Public Debt counters that its process aims to make sure that only the legal owners of the old bonds are able to redeem them.

Demanding requirements - which can include the Social Security number of long-dead original purchasers for a gift bond - are in place to make sure the money ends up in the right place, the agency said. Anne Adams of Nashville, Tenn.

She has spent months trying to recover lost bonds for her daughter and her husband. In both cases, she said the Treasury Department threw up insurmountable roadblocks to recovering the money. Her husband served in the Marines during the Vietnam War, she said, and had a large portion of his paycheck automatically sent into savings bonds.

Adams said the Treasury Department required copies of the original paycheck stubs in order to track down the lost bonds. The family had no way of getting the old paystubs from the Marines. If she can't find the lost bond or the requested documentation, the Treasury Department doesn't have to send her the money.

Joyce Harris, with the Bureau of the Public Debt, said the agency needs to make sure that only the legal owners of the bonds can redeem them. Several states are suing the federal government, seeking the money back on behalf of their residents. Montana, New Jersey, North Carolina, Kentucky, Oklahoma and Missouri argue states are the legal repository for lost funds, and already have a system in place that makes it easy for people to reconnect with lost money.

The federal government counters that the money isn't really lost. But Harris said older records were not computerized. And she noted earlier bonds were often bought with just names, and not listed under a Social Security number that can facilitate a computer search. Tom Boergadine of St.

Louis said he has been trying to help his wife Gail track down a bond purchased in But he said the Treasury Department has been of little help, especially after it became clear the Internet search site was of no use to them. The relatively small sums of the bonds prompted many families to simply forget about them as time went on. The bonds date back to the unprecedented bond buying campaign of World War II. Most American families bought at least one bond at the time and many never cashed them in - thanks in part to a year maturity in the bonds.

And those same "Series E" war bonds continued to be sold by the federal government until Not everyone holding old, unredeemed bonds favors the lawsuit, which would transfer the money to the states. The California resident who lives north of San Francisco says she doesn't trust the state - caught in a financial meltdown - with the money.

Giusti said the couple may simply pass the bonds on, unredeemed, to their grandchildren so they can be used later. The veterans also want the director and employees of that department to be required to have had honorable discharges. About a dozen legislators joined Republican gubernatorial candidate and Senate Majority Leader Dave Knudson on 14 NOV in signing a pledge to split off Veterans Affairs from the state Department of Military Affairs and staff it only with people with honorable discharges.

Legislators also agreed to support feasibility studies for an East River state veterans home and a state or national cemetery, and they promised to continue to support veterans preference in public, state and federal employment. But no study has been done. This year we recommend a resolution to mandate a study," Brenden said.

The pledge that legislators and gubernatorial candidates were asked to sign, which will be offered at three other events around the state, is a good voting guide to those veterans, he said. With the pledge, "we're telling them, 'This is how this guy feels about veterans,' " Barg said. You're on our side, or you aren't with us.

Twenty-seven states have separate Veterans Affairs Departments, and 17 states group Veterans Affairs with a department other than Military Affairs, according to Murphy. Two Harvard medical researchers analyzed data, comparing U. All of the veterans surveyed were under the age of The study was released to coincide with the Veterans Day holiday, when those who died fighting overseas are honored and recognized.

It clearly indicates that in spite of care from the Veterans Administration, many American veterans remain without coverage. The AFP report states that the analysis utilized census data to determine how many U. He said the veterans represent a group of about 1. Along with co-author Stephanie Woolhandler, who is also a Harvard medical professor, Himmelstein compared that figure with an additional study that examined the mortality rate that accompanies a lack of health insurance.

Putting that all together you get an estimate of almost 2, -- 2, veterans who die each year from lack of health insurance. It is not clear how the study will affect the US Senate's decision on health care reform legislation. In the end, Himmelstein is clear that even current congressional proposals would still leave veterans out in the cold in terms of healthcare coverage.

He says in the AFP article that he favors a national health care program similar to those in Britain and Canada. Even a reporter should be smart enough to realize that you can't derive a precise number like 2, from hazy ones like "about 1. The bill is now headed to the Senate for debate that is likely to result in major changes in the bill.

Specifically, Buyer said he opposes H. Democratic leaders, including the three committee chairman responsible for preparing H. According to the report, the figure represents about It is unclear whether fraud is actually worsening because much of the increase in possible fraud over the last year is due to changes in HHS methodologies.

During that time, officials did not consider a payment improper if it lacked complete documentation or if the provider's signature was illegible -- even though these factors typically bar payment. Critics said that fraud figures during that period therefore were understated. For FY , the Obama administration did count those claims as improper, but a complete tally could not be tabulated based on the new methodology.

Using the new formula, the report officially lists a partial improper payment tally of 7. The federal government is hoping to reduce improper payments in the program to 9. The report also found that 9. President Obama is expected to announce new efforts to crack down on Medicare fraud, including a government Web site to provide a more comprehensive account of health care spending.

CMS also is launching its own Web site next month that will allow users to track Medicare payments by state, diagnosis and hospital. CMS is coming under scrutiny because of records indicating that for three years, it ignored internal watchdog warnings of fraud in several programs. The records were provided to the press by Sen. Confusing the issue for many beneficiaries has been an e-mail being passed among military retirees that warns falsely that the Congressional Budget Office has drafted legislation to attach new fees to Tricare for Life, the prized insurance supplement relied on by Medicare-eligible retirees.

The e-mail is filled with misinformation. CBO has no authority to draft legislation. CBO did release a report last December presenting options for holding down federal health care costs; a few of those options would raise fees on military retirees and veterans. But neither the Obama administration nor any members of Congress have embraced any of these ideas.

Tricare and VA health care benefits are not named. Finance committee staffers have explained that this was intentional to shield these programs. MOAA has urged senators to add three clarifying provisions to their bill. One of those would duplicate language of the House bill that nothing in the legislation alters health care program authorities for DOD and VA.

Other language is sought to explicitly exclude Tricare, Tricare for Life and VA health care programs from any health reform bill excise tax on certain employer-provided plans. Finally, MOAA wants language in the Senate bill calling for a study of national health reform's impact on veterans to include a study of the impact on Tricare and Tricare for Life. The Senate, like the House, should make it clear, he said.

That will increase political pressure, over time, to curb federal entitlements including military health care and retirement plans, said Strobridge. As far as we can see, everybody in Congress is trying to bend over backwards to protect the military.

And that's true of both parties. Pressure on defense budgets already is enormous. I want to shift more costs to the beneficiary. That is what the Bush administration said the last three years," Strobridge said. Given that pressure, MOAA has been pressing Congress to define in law that military members and retirees have earned through service certain unassailable rights to promised retirement and health care benefits.

That is what has hurt us in the past," said Strobridge. Congress should take steps to spell out what military folks have earned. The report reflects a year's worth of outreach to veterans and veterans' advocates across the country and a distillation of their most creative, innovative and optimistic responses to the problem. Steven Xenakis, M. Providing treatment straight up requires far fewer resources and far less investment for far greater returns.

The report also calls for the adoption of overdose-prevention programs and the expansion of veterans' access to medication-assisted therapies to treat opioid dependence. Overdose is an ongoing problem among veterans, as are other self-destructive behaviors that inflate the official and unofficial tally of suicides among active-duty troops and veterans.

In the aftermath of Vietnam, self-medication and its collateral behaviors landed tens of thousands of veterans in prison," Gambill said. So who do we have room to help? People with drug-offense charges. In cases where a veteran has combat-related psychological trauma and nonviolent drug offenses, there is a lot of political will to give these guys a break. This almost incomprehensibly myopic policy is, as the report states, "a missed opportunity for the VA to provide critical services and support for veterans to recover from the psychological wounds that caused their criminal activity in the first place.

Currently, the most successful mechanism for diverting veterans from incarceration and into treatment was conceived by Judge Robert Russell. His veterans' court in Buffalo, N. Such courts are now springing up across the country, but they are seriously limited by their abilities to attract and process large numbers of cases.

Last year, Russell's court processed under a hundred cases. Tom Tarantino, a legislative associate with Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans of America, pointed out the whole problem, is of an entirely unknown magnitude. The numbers cited in the DPA report are from a survey done in In , there were over a million fewer veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan than there are today The Department of Defense has lists of people who have been in the military, and the Department of Justice quarterly collects lists of people who have been arrested.

We just need them to compare lists. But even armed with that data, there are only about a dozen veterans courts in operation or in the planning stages in the entire country. Even if more troops and veterans can be persuaded to make use of them, there are hardly enough courts to handle the daunting wave of new veterans expected to run afoul of the law.

The consequences of an arrest and conviction can be devastating, the report explains, including denial of employment, housing or public benefits. And an estimated , veterans are denied the right to vote because of felony convictions. The DPA report is more interested in interventions that can occur before veterans become entangled in the criminal justice system. It emphasizes "front-end diversion practices," or ways keep veterans out of prison in the first place.

Gambill noted some encouraging experimental programs in Chicago and Los Angeles that make use of veterans who are specifically trained to ride along with police when they get disturbance calls. Some of the suggestions made in the report will require the coordinated efforts and funds of multiple agencies. But some are so simple and obvious, even cheap, that it is sort of mind-boggling that they even warrant discussion. For example Tricare, the Defense Department's health insurance plan for active-duty service members, will not pay for methadone and other medication therapies for addicted veterans.

It simply excludes maintenance treatment. No explanation. It just says, we don't pay for it. Untreated combat-related mental-health injuries are predictive of substance abuse, and untreated substance abuse is predictive of encounters with the criminal justice system. And the door predictably revolves. For many service members the vicious cycle begins while they are still under military jurisdiction. And many of them, drugs to help soldiers sleep and drugs to help them stay awake, are seriously addictive.

When soldiers come home, their reliance on those same drugs can create severe problems. That injustice is aggravated when it is used as an excuse to kick people out of the military, thereby denying them benefits. It is further aggravated when treatment is withheld, both for their injuries and for their addictions, and aggravated further still when it is punished with incarceration.

A radiation safety official got a letter of reprimand. And the University of Pennsylvania doctor who performed most of the poor procedures lost his job when the Philadelphia VA closed the program. Newly obtained documents shed more light on the program, showing that the mistakes began with the earliest cases, starting in , and that the hospital missed numerous opportunities to catch them.

Yet no program-wide review ensued, and the brachytherapy treatments continued for five more years. The timeline of events was:. Kao takes a leave from Penn research position. The first congressional hearing is held. Moore receives a letter of reprimand. From FEB 02 to JUN 08, the month the implant program was closed, 98 of veterans treated got incorrect doses of radiation.

Federal investigators have found that 63 were under dosed and that 35 got too much radiation to tissue near their prostates. Ten veterans have had a recurrence of their prostate cancer, according to the VA. And nine others show signs of a possible return. The mistakes led to internal investigations, congressional scrutiny, and probes by the NRC and the VA's inspector general.

At least five veterans have filed claims seeking compensation from the VA. The number is expected to rise since the VA has advised all the veterans of their rights to pursue legal action. Gerald Cross, acting undersecretary for health at the Veterans Health Administration, and other officials ascribed delays to giving employees due process. We reported it. We took action" to stop the program, he said last month on his third visit to the medical center this year.

Cross said the VA was carefully monitoring the patients to ensure everything possible was being done for them. Much of that may have been avoided if someone at the Philadelphia VA had been monitoring the quality of the implants performed by its team. Several members of Congress said the long delays and weak consequences set a bad precedent. Joe Sestak D-PA said, "Unless they are taking the recommendations and acting upon them, particularly if it means disciplinary action, then a message is being sent that it is OK.

A lack of accountable leadership is the source of the real problem here. Fixing it isn't just about putting better systems in place. It is also making sure that the culture of accountability is ingrained, and that is what is wrong with not taking these recommendations and acting upon them.

Arlen Specter D-PA said, "They ought not have to wait for a front-page newspaper article or a Senate committee hearing to do what they should have done on their own. I think that it is regrettably necessary to keep pressure on them to follow up. The findings resulted from a special inspection NRC conducted at the medical center after a physicist there determined a prostate cancer patient had received an incorrect radiation dose in May That discovery triggered multiple investigations by NRC and VA, which ultimately identified 98 medical errors out of treatments for veterans at the Philadelphia center between and All the patients were undergoing brachytherapy, a complicated treatment that involves implanting iodine seeds in the prostate to destroy cancer cells.

Dozens of patients were found to have seeds erroneously implanted in other organs. VA suspended the center's program in JUN Ronald Goans, the medical consultant NRC hired to examine the records and health outcomes of prostate cancer patients treated at the center. Goans extensively analyzed the records of 30 patients who were most seriously underdosed or overdosed and found a number experienced symptoms that could be related to the errors, including inflammation and damage to the colon, rectal bleeding and in at least one case, a recurrence of cancer.

In his report to NRC, Goans said the program's past performance "is quite puzzling and shows considerable inconsistency in seed placement. Gary Kao, a radiation oncologist at the university who played a key role in implementing the center's brachytherapy program in Stephen Hahn, chairman of the university's radiation oncology department, in a statement submitted to the House Veterans' Affairs Committee in July. The NRC inspection found that the Philadelphia center lacked adequate procedures to ensure patients received treatments according to the physician's prescription and failed to instruct personnel in reporting requirements for medical events.

Inspectors also cited the center for incomplete record-keeping and failing to notify NRC no later than the next calendar day after discovery of a medical event. NRC is considering a range of enforcement actions against the Philadelphia medical center, from a notice of violations to thousands of dollars in fines. Regulators are scheduled to meet with VA officials on Dec. Any enforcement decisions likely will be made early next year, said NRC spokeswoman Viktoria Mitlyng.

Despite the program's shortcomings, Goans praised staff at the center for their efforts to address the problems: "I continue to be impressed with the efforts of the current VA oncology department staff and would not foresee a recurrence of the situation seen in the time frame to Shinseki has vowed to strengthen the partnership between the Department of Veterans Affairs VA and the schools that train the nation's health care professionals.

Secretary Shinseki said, "Schools of medicine and other institutions of higher education for health care professionals have been essential partners with VA in caring for Veterans for over 60 years. VA is strengthening that relationship to ensure it provides accessible, world-class health care for the men and women who have served this nation in uniform.

Two key recommendations from that report, which are among the 50 for which Shinseki said VA will have an implementation plan by January, are:. The report reaffirms the vital importance of academic affiliations and calls for VA to strengthen its partnerships with the academic community to enhance health care for Veterans.

VA manages the largest medical education and health professions training program in the United States. VA facilities are affiliated with medical schools, 55 dental schools and more than 1, other schools for health care professionals. Each year, , health professionals are trained in VA medical centers. About two-thirds of the physicians practicing in the United States have had some of their professional education in the VA health care system.

It was led by Dr. Jordan Cohen, professor of medicine and public health at George Washington University and president emeritus of the Association of American Medical Colleges. The error was discovered in MAY 08 and cemetery officials took immediate corrective measures, moving the cremated remains to another gravesite and remarking the original grave. Since then, questions have been raised over whether cemetery officials used proper procedures to correct the mistake, including notifying the next of kin.

The investigation ordered by McHugh follows a separate internal investigation by the Military District of Washington MDW over the discovery of an unmarked grave. Dan Baggio said in a statement. The unmarked grave was first discovered in but cemetery officials took no action until this year. McHugh is now directing the IG to examine accountability and policy issues in that case. The initiative, part of the public-service group Service Nation, aims to help veterans better integrate themselves in their communities.

Mission Serve comes at a time where the unemployment rate of veterans is rising and nearly 2 out of 3 veterans report that they feel their skills are not being sought out by their community. The idea of Mission Serve is to join groups already engaged in community service programs with veterans who have a desire to perform public service. A former Marine, for example, could have leadership skills to volunteer or work at a high school.

A retired soldier could work with troubled youth. But there is no organized group bringing the skills to the need. Mission Serve also wants civilians to engage with veterans in community service that benefits the needs of the military community, whether it be working on a free summer camp for military kids or offering veterans vocational, educational training and support. Dick Thornburgh in The centers help veterans with paperwork for health claims, job placement, education and other services at locations outside the usual Veterans Affairs and veteran service organization offices across the state.

The offices -- including branches in Erie and Greensburg -- are set to close by the end of DEC 09, though some have been shuttered already. State officials say the centers duplicate services already available in government offices in each of the state's 67 counties, not to mention those offered by the American Legion and other service groups. Many of those working in the five outreach offices are not officially certified to file the complicated forms necessary for obtaining federal benefits, meaning the paperwork has to be reviewed a second time after a veteran files them at the outreach centers.

It is still a layer of help that veterans will miss, especially in bad economic times, American Legion leaders said 11 NOV. The state "is not cutting services to veterans. Our mission is to provide work force services that allow veterans to access education, training and employment programs," said Troy Thompson, spokesman for the state Department of Labor and Industry, which oversees veterans services. Employment aid can be better administrated by the state's CareerLink locations, he added, which have experts in veterans services.

While Rendell administration officials downplayed any negative effects from closing the veterans center, state Rep. Douglas Reichley R-Lehigh was upset. He said he understands "strains on the state budget," but he also favors using state revenues "for funding certain vital services," such as those for veterans.

Chuck Ardo, a spokesman for the House Democratic Campaign Committee, retorted that Republicans "are all for less taxes and smaller government until the painful cuts needed to meet their demands are made. Lisa Baker R who chairs the Senate panel on veterans affairs, plans to take a wait-and-see approach to eliminating the outreach centers.

She and other legislators plan to meet with groups such as the American Legion. She wants "outreach services to veterans to move forward. We can't remember veterans just on Veterans Day. We have to remember them every day. For detailed information about all VA benefits and services, refer to www. In other cases, claims must be filed within two years of the Veteran's burial. A history of bad credit could also affect your security clearance eligibility, which could make many military jobs unavailable to you.

Some recruits will have to show that they will be able to meet their current financial obligations upon enlistment. This includes recruits who are married or who have ever been married , recruits who require a dependency waiver, recruits with a history of collection accounts, bankruptcy, closed uncollected accounts or bad credit.

For the Air Force, it also includes any recruit who is at least 23 years of age. In general, the services are attempting to ensure that the recruit can meet current financial obligations on military active duty pay. The Navy policy examines total indebtness, rather than monthly payments. The Navy Recruiting Regulation States: No person may be selected who has a history of bad checks unless through bank error , repossessions, cancelled or suspended charge accounts, or indebtedness exceeding half the annual salary of the paygrade at which the person is being recruited.

Medicare Fraud Update Defendant Camacho previously pled guilty to one count of money laundering conspiracy, and defendants Rodriguez and Gonzalez pled guilty to one count of conspiracy to commit mail fraud. In fact, however, no treatments were rendered and patients received a kickback for signing-in at the clinic.

In this way, the defendants billed Medicare for millions of dollars for treatments that were not rendered, and, in fact, were not medically necessary. Camacho wrote checks and purchased boats and luxury automobiles as directed by Gonzalez and Rodriguez to launder the proceeds of the Medicare fraud. Adolph Yaniz faces charges of taking kickbacks in a Medicare and Medicaid fraud scheme and of illegally giving out prescriptions for painkillers and anxiety pills.

Yaniz is charged with conspiracy to defraud the U. On top of the fraud allegations, the indictment also claims that Yaniz gave three patients prescriptions for hydrocodone, also known as Vicodin, and alprazolam, also known as Xanax, and gave another patient a prescription for OxyCodone, even though none of them were medically needed.

It also says Yaniz had 20, pills of hydrocodone that he intended to illegally distribute. Federal authorities found Fermin Rey, a Santeria high priest, last week in Quito. Rey fled shortly after the indictment. Rey's case is among those that have caused judges to rethink bond for Medicare fraud suspects in South Florida because it is easy to flee. Of South Florida's 50 fugitives in health care fraud, authorities say dozens have fled to Cuba.

Rey's trial is scheduled for MAR The prosecutors documented hundreds of occasions where Poulin billed for greater quantities of chemotherapy drugs than were actually administered to patients, charging for patient office visits that never occurred, and splitting vials of the anemia drug Procrit between two patients and then billing the insurance as if each patient had received a full vial.

He also billed for vials of Procrit when patients brought in their own medicine. He faces up to 20 years in prison on the most serious charge of altering records, up to 10 years on the health care fraud count and up to five years on each of 26 false statement counts. Both of the hospitals are defendants in a suit brought by a whistleblower,Tony Kite, in The lawsuit involved allegations that the hospitals fraudulently inflated their charges to Medicare patients to obtain enhanced reimbursement from Medicare.

In addition to its standard payment system, Medicare provides supplemental reimbursement, called "outlier payments," to hospitals and other health care providers in cases where the cost of care is unusually high. Congress enacted the supplemental outlier payments system to ensure that hospitals possess the incentive to treat inpatients whose care requires unusually high costs.

The lawsuit alleged that the hospitals inflated their charges to obtain supplemental outlier payments for cases that were not extraordinarily costly and for which outlier payments should not have been paid. Kite brought his suit under the qui tam or whistleblower provisions of the False Claims Act, which permit private citizens with knowledge of fraud against the government to bring a lawsuit on behalf of the United States and to share in any recovery.

Medicaid Fraud Update The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services received roughly 30 warnings from inspectors over three years during the Bush and Obama administrations but didn't respond to half of them, even after repeated letters, according to records provided to The Associated Press by U.

Charles Grassley's office. The letter got no response, Grassley said. Fighting the fraud is key for the Obama administration, which hopes to pay for a large chunk of its proposed national health care overhaul by cracking down on those who cheat Medicare. Despite the lapses, Obama's Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius said the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services typically responds to fraud warnings promptly, and has investigated more than since She was not satisfied that all fraud alerts were receiving sufficient responses and her office is implementing a new process for tracking the red flags.

Grassley wants the agency to respond to future fraud warnings within two months and Sebelius agreed. David L. A spokesman for the NY Attorney General said People's Choice, which was the largest medical supply company on Long Island based on its quantity of Medicaid billing, stole physicians' identities and submitted false claims without their knowledge and permission. Williams also illegally used the ID numbers of Medicaid recipients - sometimes by paying them cash for their information - and then used those numbers to falsely bill Medicaid for medical equipment products that were neither necessary nor ordered by a doctor.

The products included diabetic supplies, diapers and Ensure nutritional supplements, among other things. The company abruptly closed in when the attorney general's probe began, county officials said. David Williams' wife, Cynthia Williams, 46, previously pleaded guilty to third-degree grand larceny and was sentenced to 6 months in jail. Two People's Choice employees pleaded guilty to petty larceny. One was sentenced to probation and the other is awaiting sentencing.

Adolph Yaniz, 49, of Merrillville, and Munir Chaudhry, doing business as Medway Diagnostic Laboratories, were each charged with one count of conspiracy to defraud health care programs and four counts of substantive health care fraud violations.

Yaniz was also charged with one count of receiving kickbacks, four counts of dispensing drugs without legitimate medical purposes, and one count of conspiracy to distribute Vicodin; while Chaudhry was separately charged with one count of paying kickbacks and one count of providing false information to federal agents, the U.

Attorney said. Yaniz and Chaudhry were taken into custody on 13 NOV. Federal prosecutors say Lee and four others who worked at A New Beginning conspired to forge and falsify prescriptions, time sheets and other documents in claims for Medicaid payments. Military History Anniversaries:. Pyongyang falls 2 days later. Roosevelt issues a personal appeal to Emperor Hirohito to use his influence to avoid war. The American Civil War is now affecting the Northern whaling industry.

Marines land in Somalia to ensure food and medicine reaches the deprived areas of that country. The battle ends two days later with the bloody slaughter of onrushing Union troops at Marye's Heights. William and Mary. This is a serious miscalculation since higher sales and property taxes can more than offset the lack of a state income tax.

Following are the taxes you can expect to pay if you retire in Kansas:. Tax Rate Range: Low - 3. Income Brackets: 3. For joint returns, the taxes are twice the tax imposed on half the income.

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