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Diplomica Verlag. Hamburg Unter demselben Titel mit identischem Text auch: Grin Verlag. Huber, A. Anhand der Funktionsaufnahmen wurde der Typ des Vorhofseptumdefekts identifiziert. Mit einer Phasenkontrastflussmessung wurde das Ausmass des Links-rechts-Shunts quantifiziert und bei 24 Patienten mit der Oxymetrie im Herzkatheter verglichen. Mit Hilfe der kontrastverstaerkten MR-Angiographie wurden die thorakalen Gefaesse beurteilt, um vaskulaere Anomalien zu identifizieren, die dann mit intraoperativen Ergebnissen verglichen wurden.
Die Indikation zur operativen Versorgung wurde bei 16 Patienten gestellt, 8 Patienten wurden interventionell behandelt und bei 32 Patienten mit Vorhofseptumdefekt ergab sich ein niedriges Shuntvolumen, das keine operative oder interventionelle Behandlung erforderte. Die Diagnose von vaskulaeren Anomalien, ausnahmslos Lungenvenenfehlmuendungen, korrelierten in allen Faellen mit den intraoperativen Befunden, ebenso die Lokalisation der behandlungsbeduerftigen Vorhofseptumdefekte mit den intraoperativen Ergebnissen und der praeinterventionellen Untersuchung im Herzkatheterlabor.
Risks and safety measures of informationsystems are defined and set in economic regard to Usability. A security prof Functional MRI in schizophrenia. Furtner, J. Cognitive impairments are core psychopathological components of the symptomatic of schizophrenic patients.
These dysfunctions are generally related to attention, executive functions and memory. This report provides information on the importance of using functional magnetic resonance imaging fMRI for the diagnostics and therapy monitoring of the different subtypes of cognitive dysfunctions. Furthermore, it describes the typical differences in the activation of individual brain regions between schizophrenic patients and healthy control persons.
This information should be helpful in identifying the deficit profile of each patient and create an individual therapy plan. Diese Defizite betreffen v. Der vorliegende Beitrag zeigt den Stellenwert der funktionellen Magnetresonanztomographie f MRT in Hinblick auf Diagnostik und Therapiemonitoring der unterschiedlichen kognitiven Teilbereiche auf. Darueber hinaus werden die Unterschiede in Bezug auf die Aktivierung der einzelnen Gehirnareale zwischen schizophrenen Patienten und gesunden Kontrollpersonen dargestellt.
Diese Informationen sollen helfen, in der Praxis ein Profil der kognitiven Leistungsreduktionen sowie ein darauf angepasstes Therapiekonzept zu erstellen. Determination of cartilage thickness in the ankle joint. Trattnig, S. Klinische Einrichtung Magnet Resonanz und Abt.
Radiologische Abt. Die MRT -Messungen der Knorpeldicke des Talus erfolgten ohne und mit einer Zone von intermediaerem Signalverhalten zwischen dem hyperintensen Knorpelbelag und dem hypointensen kortikalen Knochen und wurden mit dem anatomischen Praeparat als Goldstandard verglichen.
Histologisch wurde die Dicke der tiefen kalzifizierten Knorpelschicht bestimmt. Die histologischen Praeparate zeigten eine Zunahme der Dicke der kalzifizierten Knorpelschicht auf etwa das Dreifache. MRT Lattice Boltzmann schemes for confined suspension flows.
We introduce a novel multiple-relaxation time modified MRT Lattice Boltzmann scheme for simulation of confined suspension flow. Via careful tuning of the free eigenvalues of the collision operator we can substantially reduce the error in the so-called hydrodynamic radius.
Its performance has been. The book on functional MRT in psychiatry and neurology covers the following topics: I Fundamentals: functional neuro-anatomy, fundamentals of NMR imaging, basic research on the clinical use for diagnostics and therapy; basics of morphometry; real-time f MRT , planning and execution of experimental paradigms; data analysis and statistics; reliability and quality of f MRT experiments; eye movement, neuropharmacologic functional imaging, gender dependent effects, age dependent effects, resting state f MRT ; meta analyses.
II Higher brain achievements: movement and action, perception and attention, visual system and object processing, auditory system, executive functions, somatosensoric system, memory, learning and gratification system, functional neuro-anatomy of speech, number processing and calculation, connectivity, social cognition, emotions, olfactory system, functional imaging in the pain research. III Disease pattern: dystonia, Parkinson syndrome, Chorea Huntington, aphasia, apraxia, neglect, amnesia, function recovery following apoplexy, schizophrenia, affective disturbances, anxiety and fear, post-traumatic disturbances, hyperactivity syndrome, personality disorder.
IV Working tools: brain atlas, tool for integrated analyses of structure, functionality and connectivity SPM anatomy toolbox. The MRI magnetic resonance imaging market has been rapidly growing and more than 1, MRI systems are now operating in the Japanese domestic market. An upper-middle range MRI market, which is characterized by high-image quality, has newly appeared between the high-end and middle-range market niches since last year.
The new system featured a high-performance actively shielded gradient coil called the TSGC twin-shielded gradient coil , installed in a compact superconductive magnet. Malignant degeneration of multiple cartilaginous exostosis.
Diagnostic significance of MRT. In summary it can be said that diagnostic radiology, and particularly MRT , for evaluation of malignant degeneration of cartilaginous extoses is of high importance, also because of the difficulties posed by a biopsy for verification of malignancy. Cases of malignant cartilaginous extosis have a good prognosis at the early stages of the disease, when the extosis still is restricted to the focal region.
Hoermann, M. Universitaetsklinik fuer Radiodiagnostik. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI is an important diagnostic component for central nervous system and thoracic diseases during fetal development. Although ultrasound remains the method of choice for observing the fetus during pregnancy, fetal MRI is being increasingly used as an additional technique for the accurate diagnosis of abdominal diseases. Recent publications confirm the value of MRI in the diagnosis of fetal gastrointestinal tract and urogenital system diseases.
The following report provides an overview of MRI-examination techniques for the most frequent diseases of the abdomen. Wenngleich der Ultraschall die Methode der Wahl zur Ueberwachung des Feten in der Schwangerschaft bleibt, bekommt die fetale MRT als zusaetzliche Untersuchungstechnik zur akkuraten Diagnostik abdomineller Erkrankungen immer groessere Bedeutung. Die neueren Publikationen bestaetigen v. Beer, A.
Materials and Methods: In a prospective study with 57 healthy volunteers as well as 33 patients after temporomandibular joint TMJ surgery or with severe joint dysfunction, we measured the mobility of both condyle and disc as well as the sagittal angle of condylar inclination with sMRI and cMRI. Measurements and image analysis were performed by a radiologist and a maxillofacial surgeon in consensus. The results of axiography served as standard of reference.
Die Werte der Achsiographie dienten als Goldstandard. Ergebnisse: Bezueglich der Abgrenzbarkeit des. Recent technical developments have substantially improved the potential of MRI for the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism. On the MR scanner side this includes the development of short magnets and dedicated whole-body MRI systems, which allow a comprehensive evaluation of pulmonary embolism and deep venous thrombosis in a single exam.
The introduction of parallel imaging has substantially improved the spatial and temporal resolution of pulmonary MR angiography. Thus, for certain patient groups, such as patients with contraindications to iodinated contrast media and young women with a low clinical probability for pulmonary embolism, MRI can be considered as a first-line imaging tool for the assessment of pulmonary embolism.
Hierzu zaehlen auf Geraeteseite kuerzere Magneten sowie dedizierte Ganzkoerper- MRT -Systeme, die einerseits den Patientenzugang beguenstigen und andererseits eine Abklaerung einer potenziell zugrunde liegenden Venenthrombose in einer Untersuchung ermoeglichen. Daher kann die MRT fuer bestimmte Personen, wie z.
Patienten mit Kontraindikationen gegen jodhaltige Roentgenkontrastmittel z. Hyperthyreose oder juengere Frauen mit einer geringen klinischen Wahrscheinlichkeit fuer. Fischmann, Arne [Klinik St. Anna, Luzern Switzerland. Neuromuscular disorders are caused by damage of the skeletal muscles or supplying nerves, in many cases due to a genetic defect, resulting in progressive disability, loss of ambulation and often a reduced life expectancy. Previously only supportive care and steroids were available as treatments, but several novel therapies are under development or in clinical trial phase.
Muscle imaging can detect specific patterns of involvement and facilitate diagnosis and guide genetic testing. Quantitative MRT can be used to monitor disease progression either to monitor treatment or as a surrogate parameter for clinical trails. Novel imaging sequences can provide insights into disease pathology and muscle metabolism. Gahleitner, A. Purpose: To demonstrate the usefulness of Dental- MRT for imaging of anatomic and pathologic conditions of the mandible and maxilla.
Methods: Seven healthy volunteers, 5 patients with pulpitis, 9 patients with dentigerous cysts, 5 patients after tooth transplantation and 12 patients with atrophic mandibles were evaluated. Studies of the jaws using axial T1- and T2-weighted gradient echo and spin echo sequences in 2D and 3D technique have been to performed. The acquired images were reconstructed with a standard dental software package on a workstation as panoramic and cross sectional views of the mandible or maxilla.
Results: The entire maxilla and mandibula, teeth, dental pulp and the content of the mandibular canal were well depicted. Patients with inflammatory disease of the pulp chamber demonstrate bone marrow edema in the periapical region.
Dentigerous cysts and their relation to the surrounding structures are clearly shown. After contrast media application marked enhancement of the dental pulp can be found. Conclusion: Dental- MRT provides a valuable tool for visualization and detection of dental diseases. Sieben gesunde Probanden, 5 Patienten mit Pulpitis, 9 Patienten mit dentogenen Zysten, 5 Patienten nach Zahntransplantationen und 12 Patienten mit atrophem Unterkiefer wurden untersucht.
Nach der Untersuchung wurden zusaetzliche Panoramaschnitte und orhoradiale Rekonstruktionen des Ober- und Unterkiefers, unter Verwendung einer gebraeuchlichen Dental-Software, angefertigt. Patienten mit einer Entzuendung der. Rudolf Streinz. Tutvustus: Streinz, Rudolf. Ebelsbach : Rolf Gremer, Magnetic resonance tomography and dental radiology Dental- MRT. Functional MRI of the pelvic floor: postpartum changes of primiparous women after spontaneous vaginal delivery; Funktionelle Magnetresonanztomographie MRT des Beckenbodens: Postpartale Veraenderungen bei Erstgebaerenden nach vaginaler Spontangeburt.
Lienemann, A. Muenchen Germany ; Anthuber, C. Entbindung im Vergleich zu 41 Frauen, die noch nicht geboren hatten. Bestimmung morphometrischer Parameter Muskeldicken, Beckenkonfiguration und quantitative Erfassung der Lageveraenderungen der Beckenorgane beim Pressversuch anhand von Referenzlinien.
Ergebnisse: Das Beckenskelett war bei beiden Gruppen gleich konfiguriert. Der M. Im funktionellen Untersuchungsteil fanden sich in Ruhe keine wesentlichen Unterschiede zwischen beiden Kollektiven. Erst beim Pressversuch zeigte sich eine signifikant groessere Haeufigkeit von Zystozelen, Rektozelen und Rektumdeszensus bei den Erstgebaerenden.
Schlussfolgerung: Um das Zusammenspiel der Beckenorgane hinsichtlich eines Organdeszensus zu beurteilen, ist eine dynamische Untersuchung erforderlich. Die funktionelle MRT des Beckenbodens ist ohne Strahlen- oder Kontrastmittelbelastung hervorragend geeignet, die signifikanten Veraenderungen am Beckenboden nach vaginaler Geburt aufzuzeigen. Hentschel, F. Klinik fuer Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie.
Conclusion: AN is not associated with neuronal damage. It is possible that the increase of membrane catabolism leads to a hyperosmolar state. Signifikante Unterschiede wurden ausschliesslich fuer Cholin Cho resp. Die Ergebnisse fuer myo-Inositol m-Ino resp. Regel Laptop nutzt, das von der Schule organisiert und administriert wird.
Cardiodiagnostic imaging. MRT , CT, echocardiography and other methods. The book presents a differentiated approach to cardiac imaging. These are highly complex methods involving new equipment, new protocols and indications. The techniques are new and difficult to learn for everybody concerned. MR, CT and echocardiography must always be viewed in the context of other diagnostic methods. The interdisciplinary approach of the book addresses both radiologists and cardiologists and relies on the vast experience of the authors.
The book offers more than large high-quality reference images reflecting the latest state of the art. It has amethodological section in which the current methods are described X-ray, echocardiography, nuclear medicine, angiography, CT, MRT etc.
Scharitzer, M. Durch rasche Fortschritte mit neuen Behandlungsmethoden und einem zunehmend therapeutischen Fokus auf transmuralen Heilungsprozessen ist eine Gesamtabklaerung des Gastrointestinaltrakts in den Mittelpunkt gerueckt. Die Entwicklung der Schnittbildverfahren ermoeglichte eine deutlich breitere radiologische Abklaerung abdomineller Erkrankungen. Durch schnelle Untersuchungstechniken sowie einen hohen Weichteilkontrast mit dem grossen Vorteil einer fehlenden Strahlenexposition hat die MRT des Gastrointestinaltrakts zunehmende Bedeutung gewonnen.
Bei suffizienter Fuellung des Darmlumens liegt ein grosser Vorteil in der gleichzeitigen Abbildung saemtlicher Darmwandschichten, der perienteralen Strukturen sowie assoziierter abdomineller Veraenderungen. Neue MR-Sequenzen wie diffusionsgewichtete Sequenzen, dynamische Kontrastmittelsequenzen oder die MR-Fluoroskopie ermoeglichen die Detektion morphologischer Veraenderungen mit zusaetzlicher Charakterisierung dieser Darmabschnitte sowie die Beurteilung funktioneller Pathologien mit dynamischer Information ueber eine gestoerte Darmmotilitaet.
Aktuelle Richtlinien europaeischer radiologischer und gastroenterologischer Organisationen haben die Bedeutung der Schnittbildverfahren und insbesondere der MRT fuer die Erstdiagnose und das Follow-up bei Patienten mit Morbus Crohn bestaetigt. Durch die Moeglichkeit der Beurteilung aller Darmwandschichten sowie dem Vorhandensein extramuraler. One is the asymptotic error performance in terms of SNR in a single-user system, and the other is the asymptotic system capacity in terms of the number of users in the multiuser scenario when multiuser diversity is exploited.
Similar results are also obtained for two other MIMO diversity schemes, space-time block coding and selection combining. Our results reveal a simple connection with system parameters, providing good insights for the design of MIMO diversity systems. Magnetic resonance imaging of dilated cardiomyopathy; MRT bei dilatativen Kardiomyopathien. D' Anastasi, M. Dilated cardiomyopathy DCM is the most common type of cardiomyopathy with a prevalence of 1 out of 2, in adults.
Due to mild clinical symptoms in the early phase of the disease, the true prevalence is probably even much higher. Patients present with variable clinical symptoms ranging from mild systolic impairment of left ventricular function to congestive heart failure. Even sudden cardiac death may be the first clinical symptom of DCM. The severity of the disease is defined by the degree of impairment of global left ventricular function.
Arrhythmias, such as ventricular or supraventricular tachycardia, atrioventricular AV block, ventricular extrasystole and atrial fibrillation are common cardiac manifestations of DCM. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI plays an important role in the exact quantification of functional impairment of both ventricles and in the evaluation of regional wall motion abnormalities.
With its excellent ability for the assessment of myocardial structure, it is becoming increasingly more important for risk stratification and therapy guidance. Aufgrund der zunaechst milden klinischen Symptomatik ist jedoch von einer relativ hohen Dunkelziffer auszugehen. Die klinische Praesentation ist variabel, die Schwere der Erkrankung wird vom Ausmass der systolischen Funktionseinschraenkung bestimmt. Herzrhythmusstoerungen, wie ventrikulaere oder supraventrikulaere Tachykardien, AV-Blockierungen, ventrikulaere Extrasystolen und Vorhofflimmern sind moegliche klinische Manifestationen.
Bei manchen Patienten ist der ploetzliche Herztod die erste klinische Manifestation der Erkrankung. Darueber hinaus kann sie zur Anwendung kommen. Radiologische Universitaetsklinik, Bonn Germany. The results were correlated with the clinical and radiological findings. The increased signal intensity of the pannus was 1.
Cerebral activation studies by PET and f MRT will gain increasing clinical relevance for functional neuroanatomy reading, speaking , localisation of largely unknown cortical functions vestibular cortex , imaging of subjective complaints of functional impairments pain, smell, memory , and documentation of neurological rehabilitation at neuronal level regeneration, compensation, substitution, learning.
Theisen, D. With prevalences ranging from 0. Due to improvements in surgical techniques, nearly all patients can nowadays expect to reach adulthood. After surgical repair, pulmonary regurgitation PR occurs in almost every child and is an important contributing factor in long-term morbidity and mortality.
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging is well established for functional assessment and flow measurements and is an ideal tool for serial post-surgical follow-up examinations, as it is non-invasive and does not expose patients to ionizing radiation. The timing of pulmonary valve replacement is crucial as right ventricular RV volumes have only proven to normalize when preoperative end-diastolic volumes are zwischen 0,26 und 0,8 permille aller Lebendgeburten der haeufigste Herzfehler mit primaerer Zyanose.
Durch verbesserte Operationstechniken erreichen heute nahezu alle Patienten das Erwachsenenalter. Bei fast allen Patienten tritt eine postoperative Pulmonalinsuffizienz PI auf, die entscheidenden Einfluss auf die langfristige Morbiditaet und Mortalitaet hat.
Die kardiale Magnetresonanztomographie MRT ist fuer Quantifizierung von Ventrikelfunktion und Klappeninsuffizienzen etabliert und aufgrund ihrer fehlenden Invasivitaet und Strahlenexposition sehr gut fuer regelmaessige Verlaufskontrollen der heranwachsenden Patienten geeignet. Insbesondere der Zeitpunkt fuer einen Pulmonalklappenersatz darf.
Beese, M. The role of MRT in the prebiopsy diagnosis of muscular and vascular inflammatory conditions was evaluated prospectively and an optimal method of examination was investigated. The site of the biopsy depended on the MRT findings. In 41 patients the suspected diagnosis was confirmed histologically, in two patients an infective myositis was diagnosed on clinical grounds despite negative histology. There were negative findings after immuno-suppressive therapy two patients , in focal myositis 3 out of 4 patients and in one of 7 patients with untreated vasculitis.
Amongst 49 patients in whom the suspected diagnosis could not be confirmed there was muscle oedema in 11 cases 9 neuropathies out of 22, two myopathies out of The number of false negative biopsies can be greatly reduced by the use of MRT. Magnetic resonance tomography MRT of the knee joint: Meniscus, cruciate ligaments and hyaline cartilage. Hodler, J. Orthopaedische Universitaetsklinik Balgrist, Zurich Switzerland.
The use of MRT for diagnosing injury to the meniscus, the cruciate ligaments and hyaline cartilage was evaluated retrospectively in 82 knee joints without any knowledge of operative findings. In 49 cases the results were verified by arthroscopy and in 33 cases by arthrotomy.
Sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic accuracy of MRT for meniscus lesions was Corresponding values for lesions of the anterior cruciate ligament were In addition to its high specificity, MRT proved accurate in excluding lesions of the meniscus A negative finding on MRT therefore makes the presence of a lesion of the meniscus, cruciate ligaments of cartilage unlikely.
In such cases one is justified in delaying the use of arthroscopy or arthrotomy. Neben Gesamtauswertungen einer gl In dieser Studie wird erstmals die Wertbeitragsanalyse von Stakeholderbeziehungen vorgestellt. Methode und klinische Bedeutung am Beispiel neurochirurgischer Interventionen. Moche, M. The aim of this work was to realize and clinically evaluate an image fusion platform for the integration of preoperative MRI and fMRI data into the intraoperative images of an interventional MRI system with a focus on neurosurgical procedures.
A vertically open 0. These merged image data served as the basis for interventional planning and multimodal navigation. So far, the system has been used in 70 neurosurgical interventions 13 of which involved image data fusion - requiring 15 minutes extra time. The augmented navigation system is characterized by a higher frame rate and a higher image quality as compared to the system-integrated navigation based on continuously acquired near real time images.
Patient movement and tissue shifts can be immediately detected by monitoring the morphological differences between both navigation scenes. The multimodal image fusion allowed a refined navigation planning especially for the resection of deeply seated brain lesions or pathologies close to eloquent areas.
Augmented intraoperative orientation and instrument guidance improve the safety and accuracy of neurosurgical interventions. Diese fusionierten Bilddaten wurden zur Interventionsplanung und multimodalen Navigation verwendet. Bisher wurde das System bei insgesamt 70 neurochirurgischen Eingriffen eingesetzt, davon Bodea, S. Dementia-inducing conditions represent a leading cause of disability and are a major health concern in industrialized countries.
The burden these conditions put on society is certain to rise in the context of an ever-increasing elderly population. As these conditions feature an insidious onset and overlapping clinical features, imaging is a powerful tool in refining the diagnosis and assessing the progression of dementing conditions. The radiologist needs to be aware of and be able to detect underlying pathologies which could be reversible. Furthermore, imaging is important not only in excluding other pathologies but also in improving diagnostic accuracy.
This article presents the typical clinical presentations as well as magnetic resonance imaging MRI features of the degenerative and the non-degenerative causes of dementia. The focus is on the core knowledge for MRI diagnostics in dementing conditions and a brief presentation of the latest MRI techniques which may become a part of standard imaging protocols in the future.
Durch eine stetig alternde Population nimmt auch die Belastung fuer die Gesellschaft immer weiter zu. Bei haeufig schleichendem Symptombeginn sowie sich ueberlappender Klinik mit anderen Krankeitsbildern kann die Bildgebung ein gutes Werkzeug zur Praezisierung der Diagnose und Beurteilung eines Progresses sein.
Der Radiologe sollte andere und reversible Pathologien erkennen und von demenztypischen Veraenderungen abgrenzen koennen. Dieser Artikel beschreibt typische klinische Symptome und auch bildmorphologische Veraenderungen verschiedener Demenzformen, die durch neurodegenerative und nichtdegenerative Ursachen bedingt sein koennen. Ausserdem werden aktuellste MRT -Techniken vorgestellt.
Diese koennten kuenftig im Standartprotokoll zur Bildgebung bei der Abklaerung demenzieller Syndrome verankert sein. This book gives answers to questions frequently heard especially from trainees and doctors not specialising in the field of radiology: Is that a normal finding?
How do I decide? What are the objective criteria? The information presented is three-fold. The normal findings of the usual CT and MRI examinations are shwon with high-quality pictures serving as a reference, with inscribed important additional information on measures, angles and other criteria describing the normal conditions.
These criteria are further explained and evaluated in accompanying texts which also teach the systematic approach for individual picture analysis, and include a check list of major aspects, as a didactic guide for learning.
The book is primarily intended for students, radiographers, radiology trainees and doctors from other medical fields, but radiology specialists will also find useful details of help in special cases. Also kein Problem?
Besonders Radiologen in der Ausbildung und Aerzte aus anderen Fachgebieten stellen sich immer wieder die entscheidende Frage: Ist das normal? Woran kann ich das erkennen? Wie kann ich das objektivieren? Dieses Buch leistet dreierlei: 1. Sie werden im Text nochmals zusammengefasst, erklaert und bewertet. Es lehrt die Systematik der Bildbetrachtung - wie schaue ich mir ein Bild an, welche Strukturen betrachte ich in welcher Reihenfolge und worauf muss ich dabei besonders achten?
Dies alles in Form einer uebersichtlichen Checkliste zu jeder Aufnahme. Es gibt eine Befundformulierung vor, die sich wiederum an dem Schema der Bildanalyse orientiert, alle Kriterien des Normalen definiert und dadurch auch ein wichtiges didaktisches Element darstellt. Alignment of the sample with the beam using the MRT Lift is a time consuming and challenging task. Use of a wireframe visualization technique enables even minute movements to be illustrated.
Proposed movements and the resulting MRT Lift position can be manually verified before being applied. Optional integration with the SolidWorks modelling platform allows high quality renderings of the MRT Lift in its current or proposed position to be displayed in real time. Human factors principles are incorporated into the program with the objective of delivering easy to use controls for this complex device. Bree, Michael, E-mail: michael. One alternative is municipal bonds.
This study investigate the possibilities of using municipal bonds to finance urban infrastructure project with the case study of Jakarta MRTPhase I. The analyzed use three perspectives including financial aspect, legal aspect, and Jakarta financial capacity aspect. Secondly, study literature is used in the legal analysis by exploring specific regulations regarding the municipal bonds. Finally, the Jakarta Regional Budget and Jakarta Budget Audit Report is examined to get insight and depth information regarding its financial capacity.
Muscle lesion comparing of imaging procedures sonography and MRT -experimental and clinical study. Muscle injuries in sports are more common now. Diagnosis and follow up of muscle injuries is nowadays achieved by sonography and MRT. In order to assess the two imagine procedures, a direct test for comparison of sonography and MRT was performed in an experimental study: A standardised disconnection of m. Clinical studies were performed in 26 patients suffering from muscle trauma.
Sonography was proved to be a reliable procedure especially in follow up control until full weight bearing and should be used first. Negative or doubtfull findings require further investigation by MRT. Especially contrast medium Gd-DTPA assisted examinations enables a long term follow up and may even show small muscle strain and deep lying injuries. Zwischen westlicher Moderne und sowjetischer Avantgarde.
Arvustus: Laanemets, Mari. Inofizielle Kunst in Estland Humboldt-Schriften zur Kunst- und Bildgeschichte, Bd. Mann Pinker, K. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI of the breast is an indispensable tool in breast imaging for many indications. Several functional parameters with MRI and positron emission tomography PET have been assessed for imaging of breast tumors and their combined application is defined as multiparametric imaging.
Available data suggest that multiparametric imaging using different functional MRI and PET parameters can provide detailed information about the hallmarks of cancer and may provide additional specificity. Multiparametric and molecular imaging of the breast can be performed at different field-strengths range 1. Multiparametric and molecular imaging has multiple applications in breast imaging.
Multiparametric and molecular imaging of the breast is an evolving field that will enable improved detection, characterization, staging and monitoring for personalized medicine in breast cancer. In den letzten Jahren wurden zahlreiche funktionelle MRT - und Positronenemissionstomographie PET -Parameter in der Brustbildgebung evaluiert, und ihre kombinierte Anwendung ist als multiparametrische Bildgebung definiert.
Wie schreiben sprachschwache Kinder? Beitrag zum Zusammenhang zwischen explizitem und implizitem Sprachwissen. Der Beitrag fokussiert den Zusammenhang zwischen sprachlich explizitem und implizitem Wissen in den Bereichen Wortschatz, Grammatik und Orthographie bei sprachschwachen Kindern. Schnaps und Limonade sowie wein Szolar, D. Graz Austria ; Ranner, G. Graz Austria ; Preidler, K. Graz Austria ; Lax, S. Graz Austria. Inflammatory conditions of the prostate are often idfficult to distinguish from early stages of prostate cancer with imaging techniques.
The use of an endorectal surface coil in MRI of the prostate gland has been reported to provide superior resolution and better imaging of details than MRI with a body coil in the diagnosis of early prostate cancer. The low signal intensity of the lesion, its sharp demarcation from the normal part of the peripheral zone of the prostate and the marked bulge of the surface contour without capsular breach of the organ were interpreted as evidence of a bioptically proven benign inflammatory condition.
Die Anwendung einer Oberflaechenspule erlaubt durch hoehere Aufloesung eine exaktere Beurteilung der Prostatakapsel, was eine hoehere Treffsicherheit beim Nachweis moeglicher organueberschreitender Infiltrationen bedeutet. Die scharfe Begrenzung der ausgedehnten signalarmen Laesion gegenueber dem nichtbefallenen Anteil der Peripherzone beim im Endo- MRT identifizierbarer intakter Kapsel liess ein organueberschreitendes Malignom ausschliessen und bestaetigte durch histologische Aufarbeitung der Bioptate den Endo- MRT -Verdachtsbefund einer Prostatitis.
Lang, P. Germany ; Mauz, M. Berlin Germany ; Steiner, E. Berlin Germany ; Genant, H. Eight patients with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee joint underwent MR imaging before and after i. Nuclear scintigraphy was performed in all 8 patients, three patients also had CT scans of the knee area.
Histologic correlation was available in three patients. Increased radionuclide uptake was observed in all patients. In one patient, however, scintigraphy showed increased radionuclide uptake consistent with ostenecrosis only in the medial femoral condyle, while MR imaging demonstrated osteonecrosis both in the medial as well as the lateral femoral condyles. Eine histologische Korrelation war bei drei Patienten moeglich. Quantitatively evaluated dynamic MRT in rheumatoid arthritis of the knee joint.
Following intra-articular application of 25 mg prednisolon, 18 patients were reexamined after two of three weeks and 7 out of 18 patients were re-examined after 8 to 16 weeks, both by MRT and clinically. Single intensity-time curves were treated quantitatively in relation to the pannus, muscles and effusions. Two or three weeks after treatment the curve parameters showed a reduction in pannus vascularisation which remained constant for the 8 to 16 weeks of further observation.
Contrast diffusion in the pannus is initially reduced but approaches the early measurements at the time of the second examination. In the present study, the SCC is assumed as a non-Newtonian fluid, and a modified Herschel—Bulkley model is used as constitutive mode. The mass tracking algorithm was used for modeling the liquid-gas interface. Two numerical examples of the slump test and enhanced L-box test were performed, and the calculated results are compared with available experiments in literatures.
The numerical results demonstrate the capability of the proposed MRT -LBM in modeling of self-compacting concrete flows. MRT in differentiation between tumour and implant material in the postoperative sella. MRT criteria have been developed to distinguish between tumour and implant material following examination of 50 patients who had transsphenoidal hypophysectomies for tumours. Judgements were based on the postoperative hormonal status and the operation notes.
Following contrast injection of Gd-DTPA and using T 1 weighted spin-echo sequences, implant material appeared as sandwich-like, linear or circular structures. This provides assistance in differentiating between tumour remnants and implant material. MRT is recommended as a method of examination for hypophyseal tumours to evaluate the success of surgery and where there is clinical doubt concerning residual or recurrent tumour.
Neuroradiologie; Gottschalk, A. Diseases of the mandible affect the soft tissues aside from the osseous manifestation. This can be shown clearly and in great detail by magnetic resonance imaging MRI. MRI is the gold standard in the diagnostic evaluation of any internal derangement of the temporomandibular joint. Dental MRI requires high resolution techniques and in some cases also intravenous administration of contrast material.
These techniques allow delineation of the neurovascular bundle. In the past few years new indications were formulated, for example, the evaluation of the integrity of the inferior alveolar nerve in trauma and in radicular cysts. New quantitative methods now enable insights into the pathophysiology.
The objective of this review is to communicate accepted indications for MRI of the mandible and to present innovative applications. Die MR-Tomographie des Unterkiefers erfordert hochaufloesende Techniken und bei besonderen Indikationen die intravenoese Kontrastmittelgabe. Diese Techniken erlauben es, das neurovaskulaere Buendel des Unterkiefers darzustellen. In den letzten Jahren sind neue Indikationsgebiete hinzugekommen, darunter solche, die die Unversehrtheit des N.
Neue quantitative Verfahren geben mittlerweile Einblicke in Pathophysiologie. Ziel dieser Uebersichtsarbeit soll es sein, klassische Indikationen der Unterkiefer- MRT darzustellen und innovative Anwendungsmoeglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Prayer, D. Magnetic resonance tomography MRT has become the most important method in the workup of infantile cerebral complications after primary sonography.
Cerebral MR examination and image interpretation during the infantile period require extensive knowledge of morphological manifestations, their pathophysiological background, and frequency. The choice of imaging parameters and image interpretation is demonstrated in infarctions and hemorrhages of the mature and immature brain.
A review of the main differential diagnoses is also given. Die Durchfuehrung und Auswertung der MR-Untersuchungen erfordern jedoch eine genaue Kenntnis der morphologischen Manifestation, des pathophysiologischen Hintergrunds und der Haeufigkeit bestimmter zerebraler Komplikationen in diesem Lebensalter. Resuemee: Ausgehend von zerebrovaskulaeren Erkrankungen werden diese Fragen behandelt, wobei sowohl auf die Auswahl der adaequaten Untersuchungsparameter als auch auf die Bildinterpretation und die wichtigsten Differentialdiagnosen eingegangen wird.
MR-guided biopsies of undetermined liver lesions: technique and results; MRT -gezielte perkutane Biopsie bei unklaren fokalen Leberlaesionen: Technik und Ergebnisse. Zangos, S. Frankfurt Germany. Die Groesse der biopsierten Laesionen lag zwischen 1 und 10 cm Mittlerer Durchmesser: 3,2 cm. Es wurden die Sichtbarkeit der Nadeln sowie die Genauigkeit der Biopsie beurteilt.
Die mittlere Raumzeit lag bei 35 Minuten und die mittlere Interventionszeit bei 8,3 Minuten. Hierbei konnten die Organe, Tumoren und Gefaesse sicher abgegrenzt werden. Functional MRI 2. Haneder, S. In diesem Uebersichtsartikel werden 2 MR-Techniken vorgestellt, welche physiologische Prozesse im menschlichen Koerper erfassen koennen. Im Gegensatz zu allen anderen funktionellen MR-Methoden, welche Wasserstoffprotonen fuer die Bildgebung verwenden, nutzt die erste vorgestellte Technik den Spin anderer Kerne fuer die Bildgebung und ermoeglicht hierdurch eine gaenzlich differente Einsicht in den menschlichen Koerper.
Im ersten Teil dieses Artikels werden die technischen Grundlagen, Probleme, Vor- und Nachteile und im zweiten Teil die potenziellen klinischen Anwendungen dieser Techniken beleuchtet. Anwendungsbeispiele kommen aus dem Gebiet der zerebralen Bildgebung z.
Schlaganfall, Tumoren , der muskuloskelettalen Bildgebung z. Arthrose, degenerative Prozesse und der abdominellen Bildgebung z. Niere, Hypertension. Beide Techniken bieten ein unglaubliches Potenzial fuer die Zukunft, stehen aber bislang noch an der Schwelle zum klinischen Einsatz und werden aktuell nur in ausgewaehlten universitaeren Zentren evaluiert. Kluge, A. Marburg Germany ; Schoenburg, M. Referenz war eine konventionelle beiderseitige Phlebografie. II die Untersuchungsqualitaet nicht verbesserte.
Schlett, C. Risikostratifizierung von Noeten ist. Die klinische Untersuchung und die Bestimmung von Blutwerten dienen bei Diabetikern typischerweise zur Risikostratifizierung bzgl. Deren Stellenwert bei der Vorhersage von Ereignissen mit entsprechender Risikostratifizierung bei Diabetikern gewinnt basierend auf aktuellen Studienergebnissen zunehmend an Bedeutung. Ebenfalls zeigen linksventrikulaere Wandbewegungsstoerungen sowie eine erniedrigte Ejektionsfraktion einen prognostischen Wert.
Die MRT -basierte Vorhersage kardio zerebro vaskulaerer Ereignisse bietet einen signifikanten Mehrwert zur klassischen Risikostratifizierung bei Diabetikern. Jedoch erlaubt nur die umfassende Ganzkoerper- MRT -Untersuchung Patienten zu identifizieren, die ueber einen Zeitraum von 6 Jahren komplett frei von kardio zerebro vaskulaeren Ereignissen bleiben.
MRI of interstitial lung diseases. What is possible? Was ist moeglich. Biederer, J. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI of the lungs is becoming increasingly appreciated as a third diagnostic imaging modality besides chest x-ray and computed tomography CT. Its value is well acknowledged for pediatric patients or for scientific use particularly when radiation exposure should be strictly avoided. However, the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease is the biggest challenge of all indications.
The objective of this article is a summary of the current state of the art for diagnostic MRI of interstitial lung diseases. This article reflects the results of a current search of the literature and discusses them against the background of the authors own experience with lung MRI. Due to its lower spatial resolution and a higher susceptibility to artefacts MRI does not achieve the sensitivity of CT for the detection of small details for pattern recognition e.
Moreover, it could be shown that MRI has the capability to add clinically valuable information on regional lung function e. In its present state MRI can be used for comprehensive cardiopulmonary imaging in patients with sarcoidosis or for follow-up of lung fibrosis after initial correlation with CT. Far more indications are expected when the capabilities of MRI for the assessment of regional lung function and activity of inflammation can be transferred into robust protocols for clinical use.
Ihr Wert in der paediatrischen Lungendiagnostik oder fuer den wissenschaftlichen Einsatz, insbesondere wenn eine Strahlenexposition vermieden werden soll, ist unbestritten. Von allen Indikationen stellt die Diagnostik. Health co-benefits in mortality avoidance from implementation of the mass rapid transit MRT system in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
As urban rail is anticipated to be the future spine of public transport network in the Greater Kuala Lumpur city, it is important to mainstream climate change mitigation and public health benefits in the local transport development. This study quantifies the health co-benefits in terms of mortality among the urbanites when the first line of the km MRT system in Kuala Lumpur commences by Using comparative health risk assessment, we estimated the potential health co-benefits from the establishment of the MRT system.
We estimated the reduced CO2 emissions and air pollution PM2. Mortality avoided from traffic incidents involving motorcycles and passenger cars, and from increased physical activity from walking while using the MRT system was also estimated. A total of , tonnes of CO2 emissions could be reduced annually from the modal shift from cars and motorcycles to the MRT system.
Atmospheric PM2. This could avoid a total of 12 deaths, mostly from cardio-respiratory diseases among the city residents. For traffic injuries, 37 deaths could be avoided annually from motorcycle and passenger cars accidents especially among the younger age categories aged One additional death was attributed to pedestrian walking.
The additional daily physical activity to access the MRT system could avoid 21 deaths among its riders. Most of the mortality avoided comes from cardiovascular diseases. Overall, a total of 70 deaths could be avoided annually among both the general population and the MRT users in the city. The implementation of the MRT system in Greater Kuala Lumpur could bring substantial health co-benefits to both the general population and the MRT users mainly from the.
Bauner, K. Sarcoidosis and amyloidosis are both multisystem disorders, which may involve the heart; however, isolated cardiac disease is rare. Diagnosis of cardiac sarcoidosis and amyloidosis is crucial because the patient prognosis is dependent on cardiac involvement and early treatment. Echocardiography is the first line imaging modality in the diagnostic work-up of both diseases, possibly giving hints towards the correct diagnosis.
Besides myocardial biopsy and radionuclide studies cardiac magnetic resonance imaging MRI is routinely performed in patients suspect of having infiltrative cardiomyopathy. The T1 mapping procedure is currently being evaluated as a new technique for detection and quantification of global myocardial enhancement, as seen in cardiac amyloidosis.
Sensitivities and specificities for detection of cardiac sarcoidosis and amyloidosis can be significantly improved by MRI, especially with late gadolinium enhancement LGE imaging. In cardiac sarcoidosis the use of LGE is outcome-related while in amyloidosis analysis of T1-mapping may be of prognostic value. If cardiac involvement in sarcoidosis or amyloidosis is suspected cardiac MRI including LGE should be performed for establishing the diagnosis. Bildgebend wird als primaeres Verfahren die Echokardiographie eingesetzt.
Zur weiteren Diagnostik wird neben der Biopsie und nuklearmedizinischen Verfahren v. Als neuere Technik zur Darstellung globaler diffuser Kontrastmittelanreicherungen, wie sie im Rahmen der Amyloidose vorkommen, wird z. Gemeinsam mit Briefen und Reden ergibt sich dabei ein differenziertes Bild der Beurteilung der beiden Wissenschaftler durch den jeweils anderen. Abstract The short, not completely preserved correspondence between Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Ernst von Baer deals with a wide range of subjects: politics and the danger of war, academic activities, scientific awards and conferences, aspects of embryology and the cholera.
NMR imaging of the vertebral column and the spinal canal. The book on the MRT magnetic resonance tomography of the vertebral cord and spinal canal covers the following topics: physics fundamentals and application; malformation of the spinal canal; degenerative vertebral column diseases; vertebral column and spinal canal carcinomas; inflammatory diseases of the vertebral column and the spinal canal; applicability of MRT in case of acute spinal cord traumata; vascular diseases of the spinal canal.
Reith, W. Acquired central nervous system CNS lesions are often subtle; therefore, the prenatal diagnosis of these lesions is extremely important. The fetal ultrasound examination and magnetic resonance imaging MRI are two important imaging methods that give an insight into these types lesions. The method of choice during pregnancy is still fetal ultrasound; however, fetal MRI is important when there are certain pathologies, e.
In this manner clinicians can plan further therapy after childbirth in advance e. Die Sonographie ist immer noch die Untersuchungsmethode der Wahl waehrend der Schwangerschaft. T 1 and T 2 weighted signals dereived from various radiological contrast media were studied during MRT spin-echo sequences. In addition, the interaction between radiological contrast media and Gadolinium-DTPA concerning T 1 signals was evaluated.
Ionic ioxitalaminic acid and non-ionic radiological contrast media Iopromid, Iotrolan were used in diagnostic concentrations. Measurements were carried out with a superconductive magnet of 1. Radiological contrast media produced significantly higher signals than a physiological sodium chloride solution in T 1 -weighted spin-echo sequences. This may lead to diagnostic problems, as was shown in a series of 25 MR arthrograms of the shoulder.
It is recommended than an interval of at least 6 hours should elapse between the use of a radiological contrst medium and an MRT examination. Speck, O. Der Sensitivitaetsgewinn von 7 gegenueber 3 T ist bei hoher raeumlicher Aufloesung am groessten und die f MRT mit sehr hoher isotroper Submillimeteraufloesung wird moeglich.
Bisherige Resultate zeigen, dass die Blood-oxygenation-level-dependent BOLD -Lokalisierung deutlich praeziser ist als bislang angenommen. Mittels Hochfeld-f MRT werden nicht nur quantitativ bessere Ergebnisse erzielt, sondern Informationen neuer Qualitaet zugaenglich wie etwa die kolumnare und schichtabhaengige Struktur des Kortex.
Somit wird der Weg zu weiteren Informationen, wie etwa die Richtung kortikaler Verbindungen, eroeffnet. Diese Moeglichkeiten bergen jedoch auch neue Herausforderungen. So muessen neue Verfahren zur Prozessierung derart hochaufgeloester Daten entwickelt werden, welche z. Standardaufloesungen von mm sind weiterhin bei 3 T ''gut aufgehoben'' und profitieren von geringeren Signalausloeschungen, weniger Verzerrungen und geringerer Lautstaerke.
Zum Erreichen hoechster Aufloesung bei 7 T sind parallele Bildgebung und Verzerrungskorrektur essenziell und ermoeglichen eine gute Uebereinstimmung mit anatomischen Aufnahmen. Die Echozeit sollte bei 7 T auf ca. Petra Missomelius hat rezensiert Sigismund III. Arvustus: Leitsch, Walter. Sommer, G. Detektion frueher pathologischer Veraenderungen.
Bildgebende Verfahren erlauben einen genaueren Einblick in die Pathophysiologie der Lungenfunktion auf regionaler Ebene. Vorteile der MRT sind die fehlende Strahlenbelastung, welche die schonende Akquisition dynamischer Daten ermoeglicht sowie die Vielfalt der verfuegbaren Kontraste und damit zugaenglichen Parameter der Lungenfunktion. Fuer die uebrigen Verfahren gibt es lediglich Machbarkeitsstudien und Fallserien mit unterschiedlichem Umfang.
Hyperpolarisierte Gase sind technisch bedingt nur eingeschraenkt in der Klinik anwendbar. But only one letter has survived. This letter was written by Kreil on September 3, ; one day later Kreil wrote a letter to Carl Friedrich Gauss with nearly the same contents, some sentences are even literally corresponding.
Some letters were mentioned in the biographical literature dealing with Kreil. These letters show, that the correspondence covered at least the period until and give information about the intensive relationship between the two scientists. A further interesting source is the library of Humboldt which unfortunately has not survived. The catalogue mentions nine works of Kreil some of them where annotated by Humboldt.
This makes it plausible that the contacts even lasted until Aber heute ist nur noch ein einziger Brief im Original bekannt. Dieser Brief, den Kreil am 3. Es handelt sich um neun Werke Kreils, das letzte aus dem Jahr Schreiben hat auch eine Stimme. Diese Interviews werde Thema dieser Arbeit ist es, den Zusammenhang zwischen motorischen bzw. MRI based volumetric assessment of knee cartilage after ACL-reconstruction, correlated with qualitative morphologic changes in the joint and with clinical outcome.
Is there evidence for early posttraumatic degeneration? Gibt es Hinweise auf fruehzeitige posttraumatische degenerative Veraenderungen? Arnoldi, A. Klinik fuer Radiodiagnostik; Zysk, S. Center of Orthopaedics; Glaser, C. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze potential quantitative and qualitative changes of the knee cartilage and joint indicative of early posttraumatic OA 4 years after ACL-reconstruction and to correlate the MRI-findings with the clinical outcome CO.
Materials and Methods: 1. Results: Mean changes of cVol were Three patients developed new peripatellar ostheophytes, acute trauma related changes mostly decreased. Average maximum tibial translation reached 5. Reinhard, dis- guised themselves as recruiting ofiicers, and appeared on the walk leading to the main entrance at a time when the students were gathered there.
The warning was passed to the assembled students: iiThe officers are coming, and all who were American and old enough, disappeared in a grand stampede for the safety of cellars and under beds. These incidents justly warrant the conclusion that during these years not much progress was made in studies at the Seminary. On June 30, , the Seminary Chapel was com- pleted and dedicated.
The ceremony was very im- pressive. The most outstanding feature was the solemn procession from the Convent to the Semi- nary with the relics which were carried on a beautiful litter by four priests. The litter was pre- pared for the occasion by the Sisters of Notre Dame. After the proper ceremonies, the relics were placed into the altar stone.
During the procession music was supplied by the students fittingly clad in their distinctive cassocks and surplices. Preceding the dedication rites the Rev. Weninger, S. Henni, who also preached on the occasion. After this, dinner was served for the clergy in the Seminary and for the people in the woods, where benches and tables had been prepared.
Most of the laity, however, returned to their homes without dinner. The following year the Seminary suffered a serious loss when Mr. Bernard Durward, a professor, tired of city life sought the open fields. In the early days of the Seminary the duty of teaching all the classics fell frequently upon the two professors, Mr.
Durward and Rev. Michael Heiss, while the third professor, Rev. Joseph Salzmann, was out begging for his large family which he as Procurator had to feed and house. Further, additional credit is due Mr. Bernard Dur- ward since he was a convert to the Faith. His attitude toward the War was none too favor- able. He clearly expressed his views by saying that he sympathized with the South and held that the United States should have purchased the slaves in- stead of freeing them by force.
These feelings prompted him to write a very bitter poem against Lincoln; but his spirit of antagonism later gave way to one of christian love. He died in at the advanced age of 85 years. We may characterize the life of this man by saying that he was always studiously active and ever a delightful companion. About this time it seems that a building, called the "barrackf, was erected on the site of the present high school gymnasium, and was successively used as a dormitory, play-hall and bee-house.
The latter formed a diversion for some of the professors and i DIAMOND clerical friends, and most probably an object lesson in diligence for the students. The building was a mecca for smokers in the collegiate days of Msgr. Gerend, who says that in the evening the boys stole their smokes back of the 11bar- racks? The Monsignor often tells the story of the burning of the "barracks,1 one evening after supper. Every student, he tells us, betrayed great anxiety during the fire.
The morning revealed every door knob in the building covered with honey. Smokers professed not to know what had set the place on fire, but some smokers like something sweet after a smoke and honey is not liable to 11spontaneous com- bustion". The Blessed Virgin Sodality was established about by the Rev. Kilian Flasch. The first mem- bers were only twenty-hve in number. Today every student of the Seminary is a member. This closes the first decade of the history of the Seminary which needless to say was :1 difficult one.
In , an epoch with brighter views and higher prospects was presented. One of the many happy memories was the addition to the Seminary faculty of Rev. He was one of the Seminary,s very own. At this time Dr. Joseph Salzmann thought it proper to make a trip to his home beyond the sea.
It was undertaken not so much for the sake of pleasure as to secure financial aid and candidates for the missions in the United States. Joseph Salzmann already had in mind. Even the Emperor Franz Joseph received him in audience and presented him with a large donation; so also did the Duke of Modenna; while Emperor Ferdinand the Good of Prague gave him the largest sum t guldenl for his Salesianum. From the abbeys of Austria he received many duplicate copies of books for the Seminary library.
After a thirteen months, leave, he returned to his beloved home in the United States. The description of his return is recorded by one of the group, the late Msgr. Joseph Rainer. He calls it the 11March of the Books". Salzmann returned from the begging tour in Europe with many books and fourteen candi- dates for his Seminary. On the journey from New York, a trunk Filled with large folio editions was acci- ientally broken. Salzmann, therefore, asked each one of the students to carry a volume.
When they arrived in Chicago, they were to go to Rev. Francis Church, which was some distance from the depot. With Dr. Salzmann at their head, the fourteen students marched in single hle through the streets of Chicago, and as the leader now and then had to inquire the way, the whole procession was fre- quently at a standstill. Each student carried a large steamer rug on his back, held in one hand the tin cup and plate used on the voyage, and lugged under the other arm a mighty tome that recalled the early days of the art of printing.
TTProbably with the in- tention of affording an amused public ample op- portunity of reviewing this remarkable parade, we had to retrace our course several times and thus pass through the same street a second time. Joseph Salzmann as priest, the ordination of Rev.
Joseph Rainer, and the founding of the St. Francis Post Office after a petition had been signed by the students. The post ofhce was in the building occupied by our present night watchman, Mr. After its career as post office, this building served as a shoe shop, where shoes were made and repaired for the seminarians.
Later this quaint old structure became for a time the dwelling of the engineer, Mr. At his departure it was used by the students for a brief time as a candy and fruit store. After this it stood empty until about twelve years ago, when Mr. Palma moved into it. The first post- master was Mr. John Gartner, later Father Gartner. He was succeeded by Mr. August Zeininger. The Chapel-in-the-Woods built in and blessed in soon became a place of pilgrimage.
It was erected through the efforts of the Rev. Mathias Gem- bauer, a professor of the Seminary. This chapel was for years merely the size of the sanctuary of the present edihce. The Stations of the Cross were erected three years later by the same Father Gernbauer. They were solemnly blessed by the Vicar-General of the diocese, Very Rev.
Martin Kundig. Michael Heiss had been appointed Bishop of La Crosse. The Bishop-elect was conse- crated by Bishop Henni in St. Johrfs Cathedral, Milwaukee. All the students were permitted to at- tend. With the departure of Rev. Michael Heiss, the Seminary lost a scholarly leader.
Although his many tasks were arduous and varied, he still found time to write. His works include the 8Commentary on the Four Gospelsli and his extensive treatise 8De Matrimonidl, which earned for him and his insti- tution additional fame. With his departure, the duty of Rector fell i sis upon the able Dr. Joseph Salzmann who acted in this position until his death in During his first year of Rectorship, it was realized that the Semi- nary building was becoming too small to accomodate the many aspirants to the priesthood.
An addition was built. This addition is what we now know as the north tClassicsj wing. It was completed toward the end of December in Today the wing still contains the two study halls and the two large dormitories. From the following description of the study halls, we note that they were anything but comfortable.
Gerend, 8the old study hall with its primitive outfit, consisting of a number of home made desks, an-old wood-burning stove, and a dozen or more kerosene lamps, with an occasional picture on the wall showing scenes in China, Japan, or other missionary countries". At the very outset the students showed their sentiments by sending an energetic protest to Rome against the unjust occupation of the Papal States by the Piedmontese Government.
Four years later there occurred one of the sad- dest events in the life of the Seminary. On January 14, , Dr. Joseph Salzmann breathed forth his spirit to God. In that group of men that stood about the cradle of the Seminary and reared it into vigorous manhood, Dr. Salzmann was foremostealways its true father and defender.
He was the first to die when the work was accomplished. Though not an author, he was a profound theo- logian and historian, and a far-famed pulpit orator; though not of noble birth, he, nevertheless, posses- sed a charm of manner and a buoyancy of spirit that made him attractive and winning in society. That he was a capable business man may be seen from the Seminary accounts.
At times the boys relied pretty much on the Procurator for everything, and he does not seem less great because he bought and sold such articles as neckties, towels, shirts, shoes, stockings, slippers, and coats. Besides his duties at the Seminary, he maintained a special interest in the general welfare of the Catholics cause in Mil- waukee. He helped to establish the iiSee-Boteii in to counteract the anti-Cathoiic press of the time, whose unchristian spirit was brought to the fore through the publication known as the iil'llugblaetterfi.
Joseph Salzmann, frequently the special object of their attacks, won vindication by his dignified yet aggressive defense. He was the champion of Catho- licity in this area and has made an undying name for himself as defender of the Church. With this ends the Civil War period. Truly, a period filled with many hardships; but hardships that were to turn into blessings, blessings the more ap preciated because they bore the consciousness of many struggles and worries, for it is human nature to prize and value such blessings more than those gained with ease and comfort.
Christ- opher Wapelhorst in the year u Nor did the jubilation pass off with this event, for the Diocese of Milwaukee was elevated to the rank of an Archdiocese, and the Pallium was conferred on the venerable patriarch of the Northwest, Arch- bishop John Martin Henni. At the end of the month of May, Rev.
Rainer was sent to Pittsburg by his bishop to accompany the Papal envoys to Milwaukee. From Chicago to the Wisconsin metropolis they traveled on a steamer. When the ship hove in sight of the Seminary it received an enthusiastic welcome from the students gathered on the shore. Needless to say all the professors and students took a joyful part in the ceremony of conferring the Pallium, which took place in the Cathedral of Milwaukee on June 3. The merited fame of this humble Seminary had spread afar.
Indeed, so far and wide did it become known that the original edifice, founded through the singularity and integrity of Dr. Salzmann, was now inadequate to meet the growing needs of the time. The Seminary heads, therefore, urged the construc- tion of a much needed addition. The plan became- the reality and on December 16 the Most Rev. Arch- bishop of Milwaukee blessed the new south wing which had been added to the original Seminary building and was to accommodate the students of Philosophy and Theology.
Three bishops assisted at the ceremony, the Right Revs. Heiss of La Crosse, Francis X. The students, however, did not move into their new spacious quarters until January 28, , on the eve of the Seminaryis patron feast. Indeed, the fragile seedling implanted and cared for by Dr. Salzmann now had become a stalwart tree bearing fruits of wisdom and priestly character.
The first general reunion of students took place in July, The native beauty of this season of the year lent added charm to the joyous exchange of the happy reminiscences of the past. On the first day of the reunion a solemn Pontifical High Mass was celebrated by Archbishop Henni, during which the former beloved Rector, Bishop Heiss of La Crosse, delivered a very touching and instructive address to his former pupils in which he stressed their admir- able fidelity to this their Alma Mater.
The patron feast of the Seminary, January 29, , was celebrated with extraordinary solemnity. It was to commemorate the joyful event of the elevation of St. Francis to the rank of iiDoctot Ecclesiaeii. Nine bishops and a great number of priests came to St. Francis that day to share the joy and pious exaltation of the sons of St.
On the eve of the festival the Right Rev. Bishop Heiss delivered a very learned and eloquent dis- course on the reasons why St. On the feast itself Most Rev. Archbishop Henni pontifl- cated in the presence of eight bishops and an un- usually great number of the clergy. Ryan, Coadjutot Bishop of St. The latter delivered one of his most eloquent sermons. After the Holy Sacrifice the choir sang the Latin hymn in honor of St. Francis, composed by Rev. Rainer and set to music by Mr. J Singenberger. In the evening the great drama of Calderon, iiThe Great Prince of Fezii, was enacted with much success and applause.
Ere many more days passed the Seminary wit- nessed a solemnity of a different nature: the solemn obsequies on February 9 for the great Father of Cath- olic Christendom, Pius IX, whose death occurred on February 6. But a few days later, on the twenty- second day of the same month, the veil of mourning was put aside for the joyous trappings of jubilation in the election of Pius worthy successor, Leo XIII.
All these years the Seminary had felt the need of an adequate supply of good drinking water. With what joy must the new artesian well have been re- ceived! After two months of day and night labor the possibility of securing a fresh, cold stream' of water on the fourth Hoot was realized on November 27, The 8wellii will be remembered as the source of a pure and healthy mineral water carried by its own force in the first years but later drawn by pump.
Wapel- horst had resigned his oHice as Rector, and the Very Rev. Kilian Flasch was appointed his successor. For twenty-five years the sacred walls of this priestly home of training had withstood the terrific wintry blasts of the open lake and the intensive heat of Wisconsinls summers and for that length of time St.
Francis Seminary had prepared and trained hun- dreds of the followers of Christ for the work of the Church in the Northwest. These sons of the first quarter century had proved their worth and now were to return and celebrate the Silver Jubilee of their beloved St. This occasion was fittingly ob- served on June 29 and 30, , with great pomp and solemnity. Nine archbishops and bishops, priests and a vast number of the Catholic laity par- ticipated in the joyful festivities of the Silver Jubilee of the Seminary.
Banners and bunting decorated the house in the best of gala attire. Vicar-General L. Batz and the Revs. Keogh, and Louis Moench. Bishop Coadjutor M. Louis, and the Very Rev. Kampschroer, administrator of La Crosse, assisted in the sanctuary. Bishop Dwenger preached the sermon on the divine institution of the priesthood. At the banquet which was served in the two refectories, Archbishop Heiss, although scarcely re- covered from a recent illness, welcomed the guests in very appropriate and touching words.
He said that he was the only one left of the original founders of the Seminary. When the venerable prelate re- ferred to the first years of the Seminary and spoke of the trials and hardships which he and his lamented friend Dr. Salzmann had had to endure in those early pioneer days his voice failed him, his eyes filled with tears, and the whole audience felt the weight and deep significance of his words.
In the afternoon all assembled in the Seminary auditorium where appropriate addresses were delivered by the students in Latin, English, German, Hebrew, Greek, Slavonian, Polish, Bohemian, and French. In the evening the Seminary and its surroundings were ablaze with fireworks. Muehlsiepen, V. Hennessey Cater made bishopl, F.
Pape, W. Neu, and P. Bishop Spalding preached the sermon on the advantages of higher education for the clergy and the need of a Catholic University. At the ban- uet addresses were given by the retiring Rector, Bishop-elect Flasch, and his newly appointed suc- cessor, the Very Rev. The after- noon was partly devoted to a church concert in the chapel under the able direction of Mr.
Singenberger and the Rev. Charles Becker. The jubilee seemingly was destined to be re- splendent with joy. On August 24, the Right Rev. Bishops as well as priests took part in the joyful celebration. Soon after the beginning of the new scholastic year a new professor arrived from Europe, the Very Rev.
Otto Zardetti, D. Gallls, Switzerland, and honorary canon of St. Maurice in the canton of Wallis. He was a man of splendid gifts, who by his great elo- quence was very favorably known in Germany and Switzerland. He taught dogmatic theology and homi- letics till , when he accepted a position as Vicar General to Bishop Marty at Yankton, South Dakota. In he was raised to the episcopal dignity as first Bishop of St.
Cloud, Minn. In difficulties having risen in the kingdom of Roumania concerning the appointment of an Archbishop of Bucharest, the Cardinal Prefect of the Propaganda, Cardinal Led- ochowski, turned his eyes to Bishop Zardetti and offered him the very honorable but also very difficult position.
He accepted, left for Europe, and was soon installed as Archbishop of Bucharest. After a short but very successful administration he resigned, to the great regret of the king, clergy, and people, and spent his last days in Rome, where he received the title of Canon Sancta Maria Maggiore. It was also in the year of the silver anniversary that the angel of death bade the venerable Archbishop Martin Henni follow him to join the 1finnumerable caravanil marching in deathly silence to the haven of eternal bliss.
He had ruled the diocese for a period of nearly forty years, and with anxious eyes had seen it grow from small beginnings to the present flourishing condition and could rightly say: fouorum pars magna qu. On September 10, the entire student body left for Milwaukee on an extra train to take part in the solemn obsequies in St. John,s Cathedral. Bishop McMullen of Davenport preached the funeral sermon. It was a joyful solemnity in which all the students took part.
The Right Rev. John Ireland, Coadjutor Bishop of St. Paul, delivered the sermon on this occasion. I Qie At a previous meeting of the bishops of the province a committee of bishops had been appointed to visit the Seminary from time to time, to assist at the examination for orders and to promote the interests of the institution. The three bishops ap- pointed were the Most Rev. Heiss of Milwaukee, the Right Rev.
Flasch of La Crosse, and the Right Rev. J Ireland of St. Upon their visit on Sept. The evening was devoted to songs and addresses. On March 18,,the "telephone", a recent invention, was introduced into the Seminary. This self same year records a conHagration which appeared seriously dangerous at the moment of its discovery. The roof of the older division was slowly being ravaged by fire.
The Milwaukee fire department was called on for assistance, but the kind hand of Providence warded off the danger even before the help arrived. Ere the year ended the Most Rev. Archbishop Heiss left for Europe to make his visit 84d liminaii. The students were at the station to bid their spiritual father a hearty bon-voyage and God-speed on his journey. The Archbishop returned the following year, Again the student body was on hand to extend a most enthusiastic welcome. Cronenbergs, S. In September of this year the Rev.
John Morrissey resigned from the Seminary faculty and was suc- ceeded by the Rev. Francis P. John,s Cathedral at Milwaukee on May 23, Several of the faculty took part in the proceedings, the Very Rev. Zeininger, Rector, as notary, the Revs. Rainer and S.
Lebl, D. At the procession for the opening of the Council the Seminary choir and the students of Theology were present. This was a year of improvement. A new heating plant for both buildings was erected, the walls in the interior of the Seminary were newly frescoed, the earthen rampart in front of the building was re- moved and the main entrance renewed, Ere escapes were built, and two bowling alleys were constructed.
The past thirteen years had enjoyed a prosperity unknown in the early days and held out even greater promise for the period about to open. Under Goch hand the word had been: Semper crescat. This chapter of memoirs proposes to recount the outstanding events. The Very Reverend Joseph Rainer, whose desire through all the long years that succeeded was to oHer his lifeis work for the en- couragement of hundreds to priestly zeal, rose to the highest honor in the institution at the beginning of the scholastic year in Thus it is that this chapter begins with his accession to the Rectorship and concludes with the Golden Jubilee of the Semi- nary.
Without doubt, his name, after those of Heiss and Salzmann, is the one most frequently recalled by the lovers of the Salesianum. He has won this admiration through years of tireless service, and truly deserves to be the chief figure of the present chapter. From the outset, we see him carrying high the banner of the institution.
He, in the vast majority of instances, represented the institution on great solemnities. Both were former students of the Seminary, were consecrated on the same day of the year, November, the thirtieth, and in the same place, St. This first year of his Rectorship seemed to presage great things: it was a cardinal one in his long ser- vice. Hardly had the school year begun when a most signal honor was conferred upon the Seminary. It was on September, the twenty-eighth, that His Emi- nence, James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Balti- more, accompanied by Archbishop Heiss of Milwau- kee and others, visited this hallowed institution and spoke to the students.
The eminent Cardinal and great Statesman sealed the students, respect by con- ceding the following day as 8free8. Though the dignity of Church and State were nobly represented in this scholarly Cardinal, yet the kindly solicitous Rector was not at peace until he had obtained the privilege of paying honor to the Pres- ident, Grover Cleveland. Eight days following the visit of Cardinal Gibbons the train bearing President Cleveland halted at St.
Francis station to give the students the coveted opportunity of seeing and hear- ing His Excellency. President and Mrs. Cleveland appeared on the rear platform and received the en- thusiastic greetings of the students. The student body had one other like privilege in the closing months of the century when it gathered at the station again. Pres- ident McKinley it was this time who appeared on the rear platform of his special train to receive the spirited greetings of the seminarists.
Pope Leo XIII, who by his high statecraft and Christian leadership had ever attracted the whole worldis esteem and respect was signally honored throughout the world in the year and especially in the year On December 15, , the Semi- nary celebrated the golden jubilee of the priesthood of His Holiness and on February 19, , solemn- ized the golden jubilee of his episcopal consecration.
The Patron Feast in is well worth recording, for it marked the blessing of the new altar picture by Archbishop Katzer. This picture, which represents the episcopal consecration of St. Francis de Sales, was ever a central point of love and just pride for the Rector.
In after years, he enjoyed repeating its story, thus making vivid for those of later years what he had watched with his own eyes from begin- ning to completion. The picture was painted by Mr. Schmitt of Covington, Kentucky, and was begun on the ninth of the previous August. The last day of April following, marked the first century since the inauguration of George Washing- ton as President of the United States.
The thought of this historic event brought from the pen of the Rector that poem which is familiar to many of his Latin students, his "Carmen Saeculareii. The afternoon broug t forth a rogram of seven speeches, which Fittingly representeniD the character and make-up of our nation; for, as the speeches were seven-fold in number, so they were likewise seven-fold in language.
It is noteworthy that, within this same year, fell also the first centenary of the establishment of the Catholic Hierarchy in the United States. The Very Reverend Rector attended this latter celebration, which was made memorable by the opening of the new Catholic University. The close of the year brought the welcome news of the consecration of an Alumnus, the Right Rev. James B. Cotter, as Bishop of Winona, Minn. Marty, D D. John Vertin, D. Kilian C Flasch, D. John Ireland, D.
Most Rev. Heiss, D. Seidenbush, D. The year was begun with an epidemic of influenza and la grippe which resulted in a hgrippe vacation? It was not far spent until news was re- ceived of the death of a former Rector and world- renowned liturgist, the Rev. Innocent Wapelhorst, O. This news was followed shortly by the re- ception of a telegram which caused the institution to halt its labors and enter upon days of deep mourning.
Heiss, had de- parted this life. On April the first, after the solemn services at St. Johnis Cathedral, his remains were borne to St. Francis, here to find their final resting place. After a solemn funeral Mass was sung on the following morning, his body was interred beneath the sanctuary in the Seminary chapel.
Since that day many, with prayerful respect, have passed the marble slab which marks the crypt wherein his remains repose. As Archbishop-elect he sang a Pontifical High Mass on the following Patronal Feast of the Seminary, but it was not until the last day of ' June that he solemnly entered Milwaukee and was elevated to the dignity of Archbishop in St.
This was a red-Ietter day in the history of the Seminary, because, after the magni- ficent ceremonies, it was host to the Most Reverend and Right Reverend Prelates and the Reverend Clergy who numbered about four hundred. The Cardinal Archbishop of Baltimore presided at the banquet which took place in the lower study-hall.
The new Archbishop himself acted as toastmaster on this occasion. Three outstanding events have been recorded in the Seminary,s history for The Salesianum was the scene of a diocesan synod which was con- voked by the Most Reverend Archbishop Katzer. The second day of the convocation opened with a Solemn High Mass of Requiem for the deceased bishops and priests of the province. Rector,s silver sacer- dotal jubilee. The occasion was graced by the presence of the Bishops Schwebach of La Crosse and Messmer of Green Bay, together with more than two hundred priests.
The fourth centenary of AmericaTs discovery was the last of the great events of the year which found response within the Seminary walls. The Vet Rev. Rector most properly started the days celebration with a Solemn High Mass of thanks- giving. In the afternoon, a program was rendered in the hall and was composed of addresses in many languages but the principal feature of the program was the rendition by the choir of a Latin ode, written by the Rector to commemorate the event and set to music by the Rev.
The year which follows was, for the greater part, without its illustrious Rector, who had gone to Europe. He returned on October, the fourteenth, and was 'welcomed by the frofessors and students who escorted him from the rai road station with a torch-light pro- cession. It may not be at all impossible that the large torch-Iight, which at this present writing is still stored away in the loft of the sacristy, was used in this to- cession: its very appearance prompts us to conciliide that it is a remnant of bygone days.
It is interesting to note that the matters which transpired during the Rectoris absence, as found in the Souvenir of the Golden jubilee, are chronicled without date. This urges us to conclude that the Rector himself was the chronicler. We repeat one of his entries since it is of interest to all who wish to note the various improve- ments which have, from time to time, changed the appearance of the Seminary: TTDuring the summer vacation the new Procurator made some extensive improvements in and about the Seminary.
The base- ment of the theological department was thoroughly repaired and the front of the main building received a more pleasant and attractive appearance? Turning from the material to the intellectual endeavors, we are quick to note that, thrice during the period treated in this chapter, intellectual vitality jumped the bounds established by classroom disci- pline and burst forth into theological disputations. Three theses taken from the tract 'Tde incarnation?
Stehling, W. Dwyer, and J Boedecker. The second of these disputations, held on the seventeenth of December, , touched upon the interesting question of the validity of Anglican Orders and was discussed in the presence of Bisho Messmer of Green Bay and other notables. The thir disputation was of a historico-theological character.
It was held in the Seminary hall on the twenty-second of May, E Thill Rev. Becker Very Rev. Jacker Very Rev. Zeininger Rev Rt. Batz, V. Naughtin Rt. MJ Marty, D. Neu Rev. J Rem J. Rainer Rev. Goldsmith, D. Very Rev. Keogh Rev.
Shanley Katzer Rev. J McCarthy, J. Pietrasik, J. Siebert, P. Lippert, B. Celichowski, and F. Freckmann in the presence of the Most Rev. Archbishop, his Vicar-General, and others. From time to time throughout the history of the Salesianum, it has been visited by fire, which in the earlier days was ever terrorizing to institutions which had been built at the great sacrifice of so many.
During February of , a fire which broke out in a room of the new building threatened destruction. On the eleventh of December in , the building was again endangered by a fire which broke out in the orphan house and raged for about six hours. Most progressive among the improvements was the installation of elec- tric lights. This happened on September, the seven- teenth. Less than a month later, the Most Reverend Archbishop, who had been in Europe, returned and received the enthusiastic welcome of the student body who seemed, in those days, to re ard a torch-light welcome as the highest note of tri ute.
The Seminary chapel was newly frescoed during the summer vacation of Its freshness lent beauty, though it may not have been decorated pre- cisely for the occasion, to the celebration of Septem- ber, the thirtieth, which marked the fiftieth anniver- sary of the arrival of the Seminaryis founder in America.
After the High Mass, Dr. Salzmann was remembered in prayer at his tomb. The occasion was closed with the blessing of the new heroic statue of St. Francis de Sales which was donated by the class of ,76 and stilli stands high up on the front of the building.
A feature of the occasion was the Latin hymn, composed by the Rector in honor of St. Fran- cis and set to music by Sir John Singenberger. The last two years of the century were rather uneventful, except perhaps for the celebration of the silver jubilee of the societies of the Blessed Albertus Magnus and of St. This was an event which occupied June 21 and A Pontifical Mass was offered on each morning.
In the afternoon of the former day, the Albertus Society creditably rendered Calderon,s drama 11Die Morgenroethe von Copaca- bana? There were about eighty-iive members presen on this occasion. This privilege was renewed for the following year and was again used.
On Jan- uary the sixteenth, fear of a greater spread of the prevalent inHuenza epidemic caused a Solemn Votive Mass 9pm Vitanda mortalitateii to be sung. In ac- cordance with the requirements for the gaining of the indulgence of the jubilee granted by Leo XIII, a jubilee procession was had on fifteen consecutive days beginning with April These processions were alternately made to the chapel in the orphan house and convent. The year would have been rather uneventful, had not a smallpox epidemic broken out on the day preceding the Patron Feast.
It spoiled the cele- bration and sent most of the students to their homes, where they remained until February This no doubt sped up the building of the new infirmary which was completed on November The twentieth of July, , was indeed a sad day for the whole world, for it marks the passing of a holy and learned Pope, Leo XIII, a man of God who spent untold eHott in an attempt to teach the things of God and to emphasize the moral and social relationship which should exist among the various classes of people.
The day was, however, of two-fold sorrow for our Seminary and the Province of Milwaukee; for, as if awaiting the preparation of a place for him in heaven, Archbishop Katzet sur- vived the saintly Pontiff by but five hours, departing this life at about nine oiclock in the evening.
After the solemn obsequies held in St. John,s Cathedral, his mortal remains were brought to our cemetery in the woods and found repose between his parents. Bishop Eis of Marquette pronounced the absolution. It was August, the fourth, when the joyful news reached the Seminary, that a new Pontiff had been chosen. The choice was of great interest, for the new- ly elected Pontiff was to be the one who would choose a new Archbishop for Milwaukee.
All who were present in the Seminary on this occasion gath- ered in the chapel and the Rector announced the choice of the College of Cardinals as that of Cardinal Sarto who took the name of Pius X, and the as- sembled students and faculty offered prayers for His Holiness. Messmer as the future guide and shepherd of our Archdiocese. This new Arch- bishop, who was destined to rule the Archdiocese for more than a quarter of a century and who, in his very appearance, was apostolic, solemnly entered his metropolitan city on February, the tenth, following.
The celebration occupied the entire morning. At eight oiclock, His Grace was introduced into the chapel with solemn ceremonies. He imparted his pontifical blessing and spoke a few words prior to his offering of the Holy Sacrifice. At ten oiclock, formal reception was tendered the newly enthroned Archbishop.
The students and professors met in the Seminary hall, where two addresses were made, one in Latin by Mr. Kubale and the other in English by Mr. Thomas Pierce. A short theological disputation followed in which Messrs. Murphy and C. Hugo took the principal parts. The St. Francis Alumni Association held its first reunion in the Seminary hall. It is recorded that at this first reunion four hundred priests declared their intention of joining the association.
In July of the following year, a second reunion was held. It is especially of note because of its having given birth to an Alumni paper which came to be known as 9The Salesianumii. The ninth day of January, , marks its first issue: its first editor was the Reverend D.
O,Hearn, D. The joy of the first reunion was heightened much by the Archbishopis announcement to the assembly that the Rector of our beloved institution had been raised to the dignity of a Domestic Prelate of His Holiness.
On the fourteenth of October, , Mon- signor Rainer was honored by the student body. A program was given at ten dclock at which Messrs. Lofy and F. Murphy delivered addresses. Schinner, whom we mention particularly here because he has the dis- tinction of being the first bishop who had taken his full course at the Salesianurn, was nominated and consecrated Bishop of Superior in the spring and early summer of During May of many repairs and additions were being made in preparation for the Golden Jubi- lee celebration, which was fast approaching.
This will be treated at length in the following chapter. It would not be fair to the noble Rector, who spent so many years in the service of the Seminary and to whom this volume is dedicated, to conclude without speaking a word on his dearest hobby. Many, indeed, would not regard deep interest in the sick and troubled as a hobby, but we know that Monsignor Rainer did.
Those who have known him remember well how untiringly, he went twice daily to visit the sick and to bring into the sick-room a ray of spiritual sunshine. His was a task of love. He re- garded those students who were sick and troubled as having the first claim upon his fatherly care. It can readily be imagined how deeply he was touched by the death of a student now and again in the long period of his Rectorship.
This concern is evidenced by his frequent mention of profound grief at the death of some student or by the notation that he accompanied the studentis remains to his home and preached the funeral sermon. Many of his other remarkable traits may pass un- noticed when we look back through the Seminaryis history, but surely these acts of sympathetic love shall ever claim enduring tribute; they shall live on and shall ever cause his name to be profoundly treas- ured by all in the forming of whose priestly character Monsignor Rainer played no small part.
The Right Reverend i. Schinner, Bishop of Superior, preached the sermon. The afternoon was enjoyed with a program of songs, addresses and music. The second day a Solemn Requiem Mass was offered for the deceased former students of the Seminary. The celebration for the bishops and priests took place on June 26 and On the same day a meeting of the St. Francis Seminary Alumni Association was held. Officers were elected and definite action was taken concerning the building fund for the con- struction of the Salzmann Library as a jubilee gift to the Seminary from the Alumni.
The amount sub- scribed was to determine the size and features of the new building. The sermon was preached by the Very Rev- erend P. Hundreds of priests, bishops and archbishops attended these festivities which commemorated the fifty years of existence and constant progress of this great ecclesiastical institution. The event was thoroughly enjoyed by all. Heads had grown gray, bodies were bent with age, and voices no longer had that youth- ful vigor, yet, the welcome of the old Alma Mater was so cordial and all embracing that youth at least in spirit returned to many a one as he trod again the familiar paths and corridors and visited again the scenes of boyhood days of long a o.
The religious celebrations in the Chapel brought back old memo- ries of beautiful services and cherished melodies. The meetings renewed acquaintances that had been inter- rupted in many cases by a long span of years. Francis Seminary would be as vigorous, as intellectual, and as spiritual as in the past, and that even greater progress might be made for the Glory of God. The students returned to the Seminary after the summer vacation on September 4. The total enroll- ment for this school year listed students.
The annual re- treat was given to the students by the Reverend Wm. Engelen, S. Reverend F. The play was ably presented by the students and thoroughly enjoyed by a large group of visiting priests. The Junior St. Stanislaus Literary and Debating Society was formed in for the Polish students in the classical department. Reverend Casimir Ols- zewski was the first moderator.
The Seminary old in experience but young in vigor and vitality entered upon the year with the same zeal that characterized both students and faculty in the past. Francis Day was celebrated with the usual great solemnity and happy spirit. Monsignor Kremer preached an eloquent and in- spiring sermon. At a meeting of the Board of Directors it was decided to raise the annual tuition to dollars at the beginning of the next scholastic year so that the increasing expenses could be met.
The Provincial board of Examiners assisted at the examination of candidates for Holy Orders at Passiontide. Tonsure, Minor Orders, Subdeaconship, and Deaconship were conferred at this time. A Hourishing society among the students at this time was the St. Francis Studentsl Total Abstinence Society. Twenty-four new members were admitted and became staunch supporters of the Society,s prin- i! The Sodality of the B. On April 18, the St. OTHearn, D. A week later the St. Reverend Wm.
Metzdorf directed the play. Both plays were enjoyed by students and visitors alike. Through the generosity of Mr. Francis Egan of Dubuque, Iowa, a former student of the Seminary, Efty dollars was to be available each year, henceforth, as prizes for winners in what was to be known as the Douglas Elocution Contest.
Students and faculty ex- pressed their sincere thanks and appreciation for the generous kindness of Mr. After the death of Mr. Egan, the prize money was continued by his brother, Dr. Gregory Egan, and the contest became known as the Douglas-Egan Contest.
The Ordination class of this year numbered On the following day the Seminary closed for the summer vacation. During the past school year many specimens had been added to the museum through the generosity of Archbishop Messmer and others. On July 7, , Dr. Lebl, professor of philosophy and exegesis, passed away. The funeral was held at the Seminary with Arch- bishop Messmer oHiciating.
Father Schulze gave a brief eulogy touching on the learning, character, and priestly traits of the deceased. Lebl a medal in recognition of services rendered the Papal Biblical Commission. Plans for the erection of the Library were steadily progressing. It was planned to build it south of the Seminary in the place where formerly the old TlBrothers, Househ stood. It was also decided to erect another building to contain a hall for general as- sembly purposes and a gymnasium for the classical department.
Two hundred and eighty-five students registered at the Seminary on Sept. The regular routine of boarding school life was soon in evidence again. He Racine. Early in September a meeting of the Bishops of the province of Milwaukee and the Seminary faculty was held to discuss important matters pertaining to the Seminary. Reverend H. Moeller, S. Louis gave the annual retreat to the students. Monsignor Rainer received 44 new members into the B. The picturesque wooden bridge across the ravine near the iiChapel-in-the-Wooclsh became unsafe and was removed.
The ravine was filled with earth and a gravel path was built up to the Chapel. The iiBrother-housei a landmark of pioneer days, was moved to make room for the new library. The students favored by cold weather endeavored to take a little outdoor exercise in the form of ice skating but were disappointed when a snow storm and the customary ice harvest interfered with their sport. On Nov. Cecilia,s Day was celebrated. Kasel of Pio Nono College, assisted by the Rev.
Joseph Lederer as deacon, and Mr. Joseph Barbian, acolyte, as subdeacon. Joseph W. In the midst of the semi-annual exams the students enjoyed the holiday on St. SebastianTs Day in honor of Arch- bishop Messmer. During the last semester an un- usually large number of visitors were welcomed at the Seminary.
Francis is always proud When one of her alumni receives honors. The Rev. Joseph M. Koudel- ka as Bishop-elect of Cleveland and the Rev. Paul P. Rhode, who had been appointed Auxiliary Bishop of Chicago, were tendered the hearty congratulations of their Alma Mater. The new Salzmann library was under construction at this time and all looked forward to its dedication early in August. Birkhaeuser, a former professor of the Seminary, died on March 3. At the time of his death he was Chaplain of St.
He had been a professor at the Semi- nary from to and from to In him the Seminary lost a loyal friend and an ardent supporter of its great work of educating young men for the priesthood.
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Jugendarbeit ist aufgerufen, die Lebens- und Aufwachsbedingungen junger Menschen nachhaltig zu verbessern und ihre Beteiligung an der Erwach-senenwelt sicherzustellen. Wie soll es unter diesen Bedingungen gelingen, dem Anspruch gerecht zu werden? Ist die Jugendarbeit dazu bereit?
Hat das Politische in der Jugendarbeit eine Tradition in Sachsen? Februar - Gesellschaftliche Strukturen die Armut produzieren und solche, die Armut abfedern mit Dr. Ullrich Gintzel. Unsere Veranstaltungsreihe startet am Alle Veranstaltungen sind kostenfrei.
Herzliche Einladung. Download des Flyers hier. Warum kritische Soziale Arbeit? Was will der Arbeitskreis Kritische Soziale Arbeit? Weitere Veranstaltungen der Reihe:. Hegemonie, ein Begriff, welchen Antonio Gramci etablierte, bezeichnet die Vorherrschaft einer Ideologie.
Findet mensch bei Gramsci Konzepte um dagegen anzugehen? Die Soziale Arbeit ist mit dem doppelten Mandat ausgestattet. Analysiert und theoretisch beschrieben hat dieses Michael Foucault. Welche Haltungen und welches Wissen brauchen SozialarbeiterInnen, die sich einem pro-gressiven, adressatinnenorientierten, paritizipativen Sozialen Arbeit verpflichtet wissen. Welche Konstruktionen bzw.
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